Bounty Grants, Conveyance Deeds, Memorials, Plats, Land Petitions & Warrants

Compiled by: Paul M. Kankula NN8NN (non-copyrighted)

03 Jun 2013

ANDERSON Main Page OCONEE Main Page

PICKENS Main Page

 

 

Doing research in the Golden Corner of South Carolina (Anderson-Oconee-Pickens Counties) might be time consuming for you, because of how these counties were formed.  Based on your time-period, you might need to research all (3) counties. 

 

- In 1789 Pendleton County was formed as part of the 96th Judicial District from Indian Country.
- In 1795 Pendleton County was placed in the Washington Judicial District.
- In 1799, Pendleton County was named Pendleton District by the State legislature and Washington Judicial District was discontinued.
- In 1826/27, Pendleton District was divided into the Anderson & Pickens Districts.
- In 1868 the state legislature decided to change all districts to counties
- Current-day Anderson County represents the old Anderson District.
- Current-day Pickens County represents part of old Pickens District.
- Current-day Oconee County represents part of old Pickens County & added Indian Land.
- In 1986, Pickens County annexed Oconee land that included Clemson College & area extending SE to Anderson County.


 

General Information

 

Cyndi's List - Land Records, Deeds, Homesteads, Etc.

 

GoldenCorner Land Record History and Research Guide

Author: Dr Kevan Crawford

South Carolina Colonial Period

Charles I of England granted the Carolina region to Sir Robert Heath in 1629 but no serious attempts at settlement were made. In 1661-2 Charles II granted Carolina to 8 Lords Proprietor. The first permanent South Carolina settlement was made in 1670 on Albemarle Point which was moved in 1680 to Oyster Point on the Ashley and Cooper Rivers and named Charles Town.

The Lords Proprietor were overthrown in 1719 and the colonists governed for nearly 2 years until a provisional governor was appointed by the Crown. In 1729 the Carolina Colony was divided into 2 Crown Provinces, North and South Carolina.

South Carolina land was generally acquired from the colonial government, grant holders, or current deed holders. These records are maintained in 3 general formats.

  1. Land Petitions

    Petitions are applications for land grants or purchases from the colonial administration. They are not indexed but are in chronological order. Therefore a precept date is required to locate a petition.

    1. Records of the Grand Council, 1671 - 1692 (2 volumes)
    2. Records of His Majesty's Council (27 volumes)

  2. Land Warrants

    Warrants are instruments authorizing, certifying, or proving the transfer of land ownership.

    1. Warrants for Land in South Carolina, 1672 - 1721 edited by Alexander S. Salley, Jr. and R. N. Olsberg and published by the University of South Carolina Press, Columbia in 1977.
    2. Records of the Secretary of the Province and the Register of the Province of South Carolina, 1671 - 1675 edited by Alexander S. Salley, Jr. and published by the Historical Commission of South Carolina, Columbia in 1944.

  3. Plat Records and Memorials

    Recorded plats contain important information including the precept date necessary to locate the original petition. Another important land record is the Memorial. From 1731 through 1775, those who had obtained land were tasked with preparing a Memorial attesting to the location, quantity, names of adjacent land owners, and the boundaries of the land. Memorials also included a chain of title, often from the original patentee to the current owner.

    1. Combined Alphabetical Index is also found at the Greenville Public Library. Some have been microfilmed and are available at the FHL.
Example 1784 GA Petition
PETITION
Example 1784 GA Grant
GA GRANT
Example 1790 SC Census
1790 Census
Example 1796 SC Registration
SC GRANT
Example 1800 SC Census
1800 Census
Example 1803 Land Conveyance
Land Deed
Example 1803 Dower Release
Dower Release

Pendleton District - Post Revolution

From the South Carolina perspective Pendleton County within Ninety Six District was formed in 1769 and acted as the county authority on the frontier. About Jan 1791 Washington District was carved out of Ninety Six. In 1798 Pendleton District was formed out of Washington District. From the Georgia perspective present day Oconee County, South Carolina was originally entirely within Washington and Franklin County, Georgia. Georgia granted lands in this area during the period 1783-5 under Legislative authorization. Early grants made before September 1784 were administered by Washington County. Administration of all grants before September 1784 falling into Franklin County were transferred from Washington County when the Franklin Land Office opened in that month.

From p. 82 of Georgia Land Surveying History and Law by Farris W. Cadle (Athens, Ga., University of Georgia Press, 1991), "The remaining five thousand acre tract lay in the fork of the Keowee and Chattooga-Tugaloo Rivers at the head of the Savannah River--an area claimed by Georgia as Franklin County but claimed by South Carolina as well. By the Beaufort Convention, signed in 1787, this territory was allotted to South Carolina. The convention, however, allowed any Georgia grants that had been made in the region to be confirmed by South Carolina if the claimants registered their grants within twelve months." The section from which this came is called "Opening of the Land Office for Franklin and Washington Counties."

On 19 Feb 1791 the South Carolina Legislature passed a law authorizing registration of occupied land. Surveys were commenced shortly thereafter. Plat maps were compiled, finalized, and eventually certified on 8 Dec 1795. Registration of these grants began after the first of the year in 1796. Once clear title was obtained, then land could be exchanged between individuals through deeds, in South Carolina often called Mesne Conveyances and are recorded in the office of the Register of Mesne Conveyance. Conveyance Books were found in each county's Court Clerk's Office.

If you suspect that your ancestor received one of these Georgia/South Carolina grants, then check the following items in order:

  1. 1790 US Census noting the neighbors' names. South Carolina Land Courts required a minimum residence time on the property before regranting. Therefore, the subject should have been residing on the property during the census. Names help identify the property location.
  2. 1800 US Census (optional) comparing neighbors names with the 1790 census. This brackets the period during which the South Carolina Land Courts regranted land and provides additional information on the surrounding property owners.
  3. Pendleton Conveyance Books where occasionally the deed will mention the history of the property, the neighbors, and property improvements as well as the location, acres, witnesses, and monetary amount in consideration. In some cases, dower releases identifying the wife will accompany the deeds.
  4. Settlers of Pendleton District, 1777-1800 found in local libraries in the region, has an index to the South Carolina Land cases in the Table of Settlement as well as the number of acres.
  5. South Carolina Land Records should contain a petition with justification and a description of the property as well as a plat map.

If you have found all of the necessary info tracing a presence and continuous ownership of the property to this point, then you can make the jump to Georgia. Check the following in order:

  1. Georgia's Revolutionary Bounty Land Records, 1783-85 is found in some local libraries in Georgia. There are some equivalent publications with similar names which contain different information. The variety of information reflects the choice of format of each author. There were more than 10 different classifications of 1780's Georgia land grants. These books contain indexes of the various classifications of Georgia grants and bounties. Book titles are not necessarily indicative of the contents. Generally, the non-Georgia resident grants were awarded east of the Tugaloo River. Although the grants were not based on Revolution War bounty criteria, many grantees were veterans.
  2. Original Georgia Bounty and Land Grant Records contain the petition and award information which includes name, signature, date, amount of acreage qualified, and applicant's original state of citizenship (not necessarily the state of residence), and number of family members. The petitioner was required to appear before the Land Board in Augusta, Richmond Co. to sign an affidavit affirming the accuracy of the information contained in the petition. The number of acres granted were dependent on the qualifications of the applicant, the amount of land available, and the number of petitioners. The amount of land in the petition and the amount awarded most likely were different.

A good high profile example of a Georgia grant east of the Tugaloo River in present day Oconee County, South Carolina can be found in the published literature. Any reasonably detailed biography of Col. Benjamin Cleveland will describe the administrative procedures which non-Georgia residents followed for Georgia grant application and the subsequent South Carolina regranting actions in land courts. Cleveland was a North Carolina militia leader who was bankrupted in land speculation deals in North Carolina. He and several of his North Carolina neighbors rebuilt their lives in Pendleton, South Carolina. He was among the first group of Justices in the District.

All residents at that time in the part of Pendleton known today as Oconee County did not necessarily receive Georgia land grants. Two examples of this are Lewis Shelton and Aaron Smith, both of whom were officers in the North Carolina Line during the Revolution. They also served in the South Carolina Line and received land bounties from both North and South Carolina. Their North Carolina bounties were located in the Holsten River Valley of East Tennessee and their South Carolina bounties were mingled among the Georgia land grants.

Pickens and Anderson Districts - 1826-1868

The system of conveyance books continued after Pendleton District was dissolved into 2 districts, Anderson and Pickens. Each district recorded its own land conveyances in the District Recorder's Office. The Pendleton District Conveyance Books were inherited by Anderson District. Pickens District started a new system of Conveyance Books. It is important to know the chronology and system of inheritance in the event that your ancestor resided in the area in a period spanning any change in jurisdiction boundaries. With this knowledge you will know where to look for land records to determine when you ancestor moved in and out of the area to correlate migrations with other areas. Among the land conveyances are also found wives' dower releases on property as well as the occasional sale of slaves.

Anderson, Oconee, and Pickens Counties - Post 1868

In 1868 Anderson and Pickens Districts were divided into 3 counties, Anderson, Pickens and Oconee. Each county recorded its own land conveyances in the County Recorder's Office. Anderson District Conveyance Books were inherited by Anderson County. Pickens District Conveyance Books were inherited by Pickens County. And Oconee County started a new system of Conveyance Books.

The conveyances were recorded chronologically and accompanied with an alphabetic index. The original books were hand copied under the WPA of the 1930's. Microfilms of the copies are typically used for genealogical research. Under special circumstances the original books may be viewed.

Conveyances contain most of the following information; (a) name and county of residence of the grantor[s], grantee[s] and witnesses, (b) instrument [deed] date, (c) recording date, (d) location and description of the property, (e) amount in acres, and (f) consideration [sale price or value in trade]. Occasionally the previous property owner or neighbors may be mentioned in older transactions.

Found in South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Found in Georgia Department of Archives and History
Found in Family History Library

Please send updates and corrections to the above, but not lookup requests or questions.
Compiled and edited by: Dr Kevan Crawford
Descendent of James Crawford Pendleton (Oconee), SC and Franklin, GA, 1784-1808

 

Transcription of Extracted Land Records

 

Abbeville County

Records Contributed by
   

 

 

 

Anderson County

Records

Contributed by

 

 

Conveyance Deeds:

 

 

 

DAVIS, William to Andrew McGILL, Andrew 1847

Tammy Acker

HAMMOND, Herbertto McGILL, Mary S. 1858

A. Deason Smith

McGILL, Ezekiel to FRICKS, Christopher 1846

A. Deason Smith

McGILL, John to STUART, Adam 1838

A. Deason Smith

McGILL, Sarah and Mary Ann to McGILL, Henry L. 1859

A. Deason Smith

McGILL, William to STEPHENSON, George 1847

A. Deason Smith

SIGLER, John to SIGLER, B.V. 1882

Rebecca Akins

STEPHENSON / STEVENSON List of Grantors to Grantees 1791-1939

David Stephenson

YOUNG, John S. to McGILL, Ezekial 1824

A. Deason Smith

 

 

Land Petitions:

 

 

 

1791 Petition, Wilson's Ferry

Kim Wilson

1809 Petition

Kim Wilson

1814 Petition

Kim Wilson

1817 Petition, Corn Famine

Kim Wilson

1844 Petition

Kim Wilson

 

 

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

1866 Memorial Day Decoration of the Graves of Confederate Soldiers

Kim Wilson

 

 

 

Oconee County

Records Contributed by

 

 

Conveyance Deeds:

 

 

 

Land Petitions:

 

 

 

Miscellaneous:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pendleton District

Records Contributed by

 

 

Conveyance Deeds:

 

 

 

Land Petitions:

 

 PHILLIPS Sr., Levi 1820  Susan Brock-Booker

 

 

Miscellaneous:

 

When Pendleton District broke up into Anderson and Pickens counties in 1826 Anderson County "inherited" and kept using the Mesne Conveyance books formerly used by the Pendleton District. Pendleton records from 1806 to 1826 can be found on Church of LDS Anderson County SC Mesne Conveyance Book microfilms # 22840 (1804-1809), #22841 (1809-1817), #22842 (1816-1822), #22843 (1822-1826) and #22844 (1826-1833). Grantor and Grantee indexes were filmed.

William W. McCollum

 

 

 

Pickens County

Records Contributed by

 

 

Conveyance Deeds:

 

 

 

CHASTAIN, Abner to CHASTAIN, William 1890  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Abner to HAYES, J.F. 1900  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Abraham to SOUTHERLAND, William 1848  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Benjamin to BENSON, Gabriel 1817  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Jacob to SUTHERLAND, William & KEITH, James 1850

Cheryl White 

CHASTAIN, John A. to CHASTAIN, Lucinda 1864  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Maxwell to CHASTAIN, Abner B. 1883  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Maxwell to CHASTAIN, Edward 1843  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Maxwell to CHASTAIN, Jahue J. 1883  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Maxwell & Edward to EDENS, William & Alexander 1843

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, Nancy S. to MARTIN, John A. 1852  

Cheryl White  

CHASTAIN, W.H. to HUNTER, Mary E. 1898  

Cheryl White  

MOORE, Hembree to CHASTAIN, Nancy S. 1851

Cheryl White  

NORTON, Miles M. to CHASTAIN, Temperance 1854  

Cheryl White  

NORTON, Miles M. to EDEN, Alexander & William 1851

Cheryl White  

NORTON, Miles M. to KEITH, W.L. 1851

Cheryl White  

PHILPOT, I.H. to JONES, Van S. & CHASTAIN, J.A. 1871

Cheryl White 

Selected Abstracts 1822 to 1836  

Diane Smith  

Selected Abstracts 1836 to 1846  

Diane Smith  

Selected Abstracts 1845 to 1854 

Diane Smith    

WILLARD, W.O. to CHASTAIN, Henry 1896

Cheryl White  

 

 

Land Petitions:

 

 CARVER, Richard 1833  Dawn Watson
 HENDERSON, Thomas 1833  Judy Ballard

 

 

Miscellaneous: