American Indian Place Names
In Rhode Island:

Past & Present


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N

Name
Historical & Geographical Information
Translation
Naaomuck Neck, Washington County Narrows fishing place
Nachick Hill, Kent County, Warwick My house
Naddock See Natick  
Nahantic, Nahantick See Niantic At the point?
Nahett Peninsula or Point, Bristol County, Barrington/Warren At the point
Nahigansett River (Westerly) & Bay (Narragansett Bay) See Narragansett
Nahigonset, Nahigonsett Island, Washington County At the small point
Namacoke See Namcook  
Namaock See Namcook  
Namcock See Namcook  
Namcook NECK, or Namacoke or Noomuck.  It signifies bank in Indian. The English name is Boston neck. It extends from Anaquatucket south to Potter's factory, in North and South Kingstown. At the fishing place
Namcutt See Nonquit  
Namecock See Namcook  
Namecockeneke See Namcook  
Nameoke See Namcook  
Namkook See Namcook  
Namococke See Namcook  
Nampsic Pond, Providence County, North Smithfield Fishing place
Namquit[41] Point, Warwick (historic) See Nonequit
Namquoxet Shore, Providence County, Wickford At the little beach; at the small fishing stand
Namyak TRACT, or Namyake, on the west side of Pawcatuck. It was the country of the Pequots. Cassasiminum, or mon, was appointed Governor by the Commissioners, 1655. Fishing place
Namyake See Namyak  
Nanaquonset Island (Fox Is.[42]), Narragansett Bay Above the confluence of two streams?; narrow strait or long beach; long dry shore?
Nanequoxet See Nanaquonset  
Nanhiganset, Nanhigansett  See Narragansett  
Nanhiggonsick See Narragansett  
Nanhygansett See Narragansett  
Nanigonset See Narragansett  
Nanipsic See Nampsic  
Naniquoxet See Nanaquonset  
Nannaquaket Point, Neck & Hill, Tiverton See Nanquacket
Nannaquokset, Nannaquoksett See Nonequasset  
Nannequaket See Quacut or Nonequasset  
Nannihiggonisk See Narragansett  
Nanquacket[43] POND or COVE, within a mile of the Stone bridge, Tiverton. Sold for Israel angell's soldiers, for revolutionary services. Swamp dries up
Nanquit See Nonquit  
Nantiganset BAY, at the termination of Pawcatuck river, and bounded on the S. W. side by Tower Hill. It is the same as Narragansett, BAY. The name is derived from an island west of Wakefield, between Pettaquamscot and Misquamacook.  "The original meaning of the word unknown,"  says [Roger] Williams. At the small point; at the place where the river is no longer narrow (see Narragansett)
Nantusinunk[44] ISLAND, called also Nomsusmuck. It is Goat Island in Newport Harbor [in Narragansett Bay], less than a quarter of a mile from the end of Long wharf. Narrow ford or strait
Nantusunuk See Nantusiunk  
Nantuzenunk See Nantusiunk  
Naomcuck See Namcook  
Naomuck See Namcook  
Napatree Beach & Point, Mystic & Watch Hill Indian name?
Nariganset See Narragansett  
Narraganset[45], Narragansett Tribe, Indian Reservation & Church, [Hotel, formerly],  Beach, Lake, Bay, Electric Co., Ferry, School  & many other references throughout State and region At the small narrow point
Narragansett Bay[46]  
Narragansett  Tribe[47]  
Nasauket Kent County, Warwick At the neck of land; land between rivers
Nashanticut TRACT, Cranston, about the present place of the Friends' Meeting house. See Mashanticut
Nassawket SHORE, from Apponaug to Warwick neck, Green's point and Buttonwoods occupy a part of it. See Nasauket
Natakonkanet See Neutaconcanut  
Natchick See Nachick  
Natick FALLS and VILLAGE[48], or Natchick, HILL, S. W. of Providence, 8 miles [in East Greenwich] My land, home, my house; the place I seek?
Nauquit See Nonquit  
Nausaucat See Nausauket  
Nausauket Village, Kent County. East Greenwich At the second outlet; between outlets
Nayanticut See Nianticut  
Nayatt POINT [& other places], in Barrington, eight miles south of Providence [in Bristol] ; has a lighthouse. At the point
Nayhantic See Niantic  
Nayot, Nayott See Nayatt  
Neantick See Niantic  
Neanticoet See Nianticut  
Neanticot See Nianticut  
Neastoquaheaganuck, Neastoquaheagannuck See Easterig  
Neataconcanitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neataconconitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neataconkonitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neautoconconet See Neutaconcanut  
Nedconconit See Neutaconcanut  
Neekequaw See Neekequawsee  
Neekequawsee, Nekeequoweese POND, probably Quonaquontaug, in Charlestown; also called Narragansett pond. [see Pespataug as alternative name of pond, according to Trumbull, 1881] My home place, house; double pond?
Neequoweere See Neekequawsee  
Neetmock River, Kent County Fresh water place
Nekeequoweewe See Neekequawsee  
Nennecraft See Ninecraft  
Neotaconckanett See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconckett See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconckonett See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconconitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconkanett See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconkenitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconkinitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconkitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotaconquonitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotakonconitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotakonconitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotakonkanitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotakonkonitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neoterconkenitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neoterkernitt See Neutaconcanut  
Neotoconenutt See Neutaconcanut  
Neshunganes See Neshunganset  
Neshunganset BROOK. [See Potter, page 65.] Near the junction of Ashawake with Pawcatuck river [in Hopkinton]. In the middle of the fishing place
Nesquaheague See Easterig  
Netaconkitt See Neutaconcanut  
Netmocke See Nipmuck  
Netop   My friend
Neudaconkonet See Neutaconcanut  
Neusneck See Nooseneck  
Neutaconanut See Neutaconcanut  
Neutaconcanut[49] MOUNTAIN[50] [& Hill,  Park], two or three miles S. W. from Providence. A river or brook near its base has the same name, near which is Antaghantic neck. At the short (scant) boundary mark
Neutaconenutt See Neutaconcanut  
Neutaconkanut See Neutaconcanut  
Neutaconkanut See Neutaconcanut  
Neutaqunkanet See Neutaconcanut  
Neutoconenutt See Neutaconcanut  
Neutoconkenett See Neutaconcanut  
Newdaconanet See Neutaconcanut  
Newdaconkett See Neutaconcanut  
Newdaconkonett See Neutaconcanut  
Newtaconconut See Neutaconcanut  
Newtakonkanut See Neutaconcanut  
Newtaquenkanet See Neutaconcanut  
Newtaqunkanit See Neutaconcanut  
Newteconcanitt See Neutaconcanut  
Niantic[51] Washington County, Point Judith Point of land at the tidal estuary
Niantick See Niantic  
Nianticot See Niantic  
Nianticut or Neanticot, or Nyantic, COUNTRY of Ninigret, bounded by Wecapaug brook on the west [in Point Judith]. At the tidal creek (or estuary) near the point
Ninecraft Narragansett Sachem or Chief  
Niniclad Narragansett Sachem or Chief See Narragansett Tribe
Ninigrat See Ninigret  
Ninigret Park, Inn , Pond, Statue in Charlestown, Beach in Carolina, Wildlife Refuge in Quonochontaug and Watch Hill A Sachem of Niantic tribe
Ninigrett See Ninigret  
Nipchoosuck See Nippsatchuck  
Nipmuc River, Chepatchet and Hill, Coventry See Nipmuck
Nipmuck HILL, a ledge a few miles N.W. of Washington village. See alternative entry
Nipmuck[52] COUNTRY, from Blackstone river westwardly, to the Connecticut, including north part of Smithfield and Burrillville, and probably Douglas and Thompson, but the chief headquarters was at  Oxford. Fresh water place; Fresh water  fishing- place
Nippsatchuck HILL, or Sachuck N. E. two miles from Greenville, in [North] Smithfield, probably Wolf's hill. Water near the hill
Nipsachet SWAMP, joins the S. E. corner of Burrillville. See Nippsatchuck?
Nipsachook See Nippsatchuck  
Nipsachuck Hill and Swamp, Georgiaville See Nippsatchuck
Nisquitianxet See Nisquitianxet  
Nisquitianxet, Nisquitianxset TRACT, east side of Misquamicut [in Westerly], and extending into Charlestown; bounded southerly by the sea, westerly by Wecapaug and Misquamacut, easterly by land bought by Smith and called Seepooke, and northerly by Machaquamaganset and Bapetaushat, a tract sold to William Vaughan, of Newport. Defiled or unclean place?
Niswosaket See Niswosakit  
Niswosakit[53] TRACT, near Greenville, in Smithfield. [See page 163, Potter. Roger Williams's letter[54].] Water broken up as it goes rapidly downward; two brooks place?
Niswosket See Niswosakit  
Noadaconqunat See Neutaconcanut  
Nockum Hill, East Providence Land can be seen far off; sandy?
Nomquid Cove See Nonequit
Nomsusmuck Goat Island, Narragansett Bay White beach place; infertile mud?; place of little heaps? (See Nantusiunk)
Nomsussmuc See Nomsusmuck  
Nonequacket or quasset, SHORE, same as Homoganset. The shore between Sowanoxet, or Fox Island, and Wickford and Anaquatucket river. Dry land place (shore)
Nonequasset Washington County Narrow swamp place?; above confluence of two rivers (see Nanaquonset)
Nonequit or Namquit, POND, near Tiverton Four Corners & Newport. Dry land (see Nonquit)
Nonequoxet See Nanaquonset  
Nonganeck See Nonequit  
Nonnequaket See Quacut  
Nonnequid See Nonequit  
Nonniquatuc[55] See Nonequit  
Nonquamquit See Nonequit  
Nonquid See Nonequit & Nonquit  
Nonquit or quamquit Cove or NECK [& Pond, Dam and School], south of Stone bridge, in Tiverton, and half-way to Seaconnet, and adjacent to the late Judge Durfee's residence, one mile south of four corners. Fishing place
Nonquit POINT, or Namquit, Gaspee point, or near it. [Judge Staples, page 229.] See Nonequit
Noomuck See Namcook  
Nooseneck Hill and Post Office, Kent County, Hope Valley and River, Slocum Beaver place/pond
Noosup neck See Nooseneck  
Nootas See Nootash  
Nootash Hill, Newport County, Tiverton Carry loads on your back (i.e., baskets)
Noozapoge See Nooseneck  
Notacomanet See Neutaconcanut  
Notaconckanet See Neutaconcanut  
Notaconeanit See Neutaconcanut  
Notaconkonott See Neutaconcanut  
Notacunckanet See Neutaconcanut  
Notakonanit See Neutaconcanut  
Notakunkanet See Neutaconcanut  
Notakunkanit See Neutaconcanut  
Notakunkanut See Neutaconcanut  
Notaquoncanot See Neutaconcanut  
Notaquoncanutt See Neutaconcanut  
Notaquonckanet See Neutaconcanut  
Notaquonckanet See Neutaconcanut  
Noteconkenett See Neutaconcanut  
Notoconkanet See Neutaconcanut  
Notoconkenett See Neutaconcanut  
Notquonckanet See Neutaconcanut  
Nowesit NECK, formed by Kickamuit, on the west side, and Montop or Mount Hope, on the east. Little middle place
Nowpaug TRACT, joined the latter. [See page 64.] Cashawasset was, at the same time, appointed Governor of the Pequots, at Pawcatuck and Wecapaug. Dry pond ?;Beaver pond?
Nudaconanet See Neutaconcanut  
Nudaconanett See Neutaconcanut  
Nudaconanit See Neutaconcanut  
Nudaconganat See Neutaconcanut  
Nudaconganet See Neutaconcanut  
Nudaconkenett See Neutaconcanut  
Nukkekummees Newport County, Little Compton Sought for place; desired home; small shelter?
Nummastaquyt See Nunnaquahgat  
Nunnaquahgat Neck, Newport County Dry meadow
Nutaconquenitt See Neutaconcanut  
Nutconkenut See Neutaconcanut  
Nuteconkenett See Neutaconcanut  
Nyantaquit See Nianticut  
Nyantecutt See Nianticut  
Nyantic See Nianticut  
Nyatt Hall, Bristol See Nayatt

O

Name
Historical & Geographical Information
Translation
Occupaspawtuet
Cove, Washington County (see Occupasspatucket) Near the cove on the shallow tidal creek
Occupaspawtuxet See Occupasspatucket  
Occupasspatucket COVE or uxet, near Gov. Francis's Warwick. It is printed in Walling's map, "Occu Pas Pawtuxet Cove." Near the cove on the shallow tidal creek
Occupasstuxet Road, Kent County, East Greenwich Small cove on tidal creek; cove on small tidal creek
Occupassuatuxet See Copassanatuxet  
Occupessatuxet Cove, East Greenwich See Occupessuatuxet
Occupessuatuxet Kent County, Warwick Small cove on tidewater
Occupesuatutuxit See Occupasspatucket  
Ohasset See Pocasset  
Ohomauke See Ohomawauke  
Ohomawauke SWAMP, or Cappacommuck, place of concealment, near Owlshead [in Charlestown] At the abode of owls; place of refuge or concealment
Ok-wa-nesset Camp, Kent County, East Greenwich At the small island?
Oosamequen See Osamequin  
Opponauge See Apponaug  
Opponegansett See Ponaganset  
Opponenaubock See Apponaug  
Opponenauhock See Apponaug  
Opuitowaxet Washington County, Wickford Fording place at the end of the portage; ford at the wading place
Orkatucket See Anaquatucket  
Osamekin See Osamequin  
Osamequin[56] Nature Trails & Bird Sanctuary, East Providence Yellow Feather, Indian name of the Massasoit, the Grand Sachem of the Wampanoag Nation
Osquepaug[57] River, Washington County, Kingston At the end of the pond (see Usquepaug)
Ossamequin See Osamequin  
Ossapimsuck See Assapumsik  
Ossapmsuck See Assapumsic  
Ossopimsuck See Assapumsik  
Ouchamanunkanet MEADOW. S. W. from Pawtuxet, and near it. Cultivated plantation at the halfway place
Ousa Mequin See Osamequin  
Ousamequen See Osamequin  
Ousamequin See Osamequin  
Owsamequin See Osamequin  
Owsamequine See Osamequin  

[41] Huden mentions another source indicating Namquit as a possible contraction for Quinnemquit ("high spring").
[42] See Sonanoxet.
[43] Probably "Nanaquaket" Pond, Neck and Road in Tiverton, RI.
[44] Now called Goat Island.
[45] Many variant spellings exist for  this place name and tribal name; for sample of historical spellings, see Trigger (1978, pp. 160-178), LaFantasie (1988) and Bartlett (RI Col. Records, Vol I). A capsule summary of Narragansett Tribe is from Swanton (1952):
The Narragansett occupied the greater part of Rhode Island west of Narragansett Bay, between Providence and Pawcatuck Rivers. At one time they dominated the Coweset (see Nipmuc) north of them and the Eastern Niantic, and they drove the Wampanoag from the island which gives its name to the State of Rhode Island and the Pequot from some territory they held in the west.
[46] Narragansett Bay extends N[orth]. 28 miles into the State of Rhode Island.  Its climate is mild, as compared with the rest of New England; and it has many attractions in its numerous shore resorts, valuable fisheries, and points of historical interest.  It receives the Providence, Pawtuxet, Warren, Taunton, and Apponaug Rivers; the last two through their estuaries, Mount Hope Bay and Greenwich, or Cowesett, Bay.  The islands of Rhode Island [Aquidneck Island, commonly] and Canonicut [Jamestown] divide it at its mouth; forming three passages for vessels, known as the E[ast]., W[est]., and Middle Passages.  The E[ast]. passage is also called Seaconnet [Sakonnet] River. ["King's Pocket-book of Providence, R.I." Moses King, Cambridge, Mass., 1882 Tibbitts, Shaw & Co., Providence, RI]
[47] Here is an abbreviated listing (summarized from Brinley, 1900) of the names of some 17th century Narragansett Sachems [Chiefs] (prior to King Philip’s war, 1675-1676) seen in the records of the early English; not all variant spellings are given:
  • The first Narragansett sachem encountered by the English in the 1600s was Tashtassuck.
  • Canonicus [1565-1647], the eldest of four sons of Tashtassuck, was the first Grand Sachem of the Narragansetts appearing prominently in the original records of the Colonists.
  • Maxanno, the son of Canonicus, married Quaiapen, Ninegret’s sister. Ninegret  was the sachem of the Niantics, or the Westerly Tribe, and since the division  of that town, now the Charlestown Tribe.
  • Mecksa, son of Canonicus,  married Mattantuck ("The Old Queen" alias "Magnus") and together had sons Scuttop and Quequaquenuit (alias Gideon)
  • Mascus was a brother of  Canonicus.
  • Canonicus had a sister (name?) who had a son Niniclad (and same-named son) and daughter Quinemique (Quineque)
  • Miantenomi (or Miantomy or  Miantonomi &c) was nephew of Canonicus and son of his brother Mascus. Other nephews of Canonicus were Cussucquunsh (alias Pessicus and Maussup or Mosep) and Cajanaquond. Quonepin was the son of Cajanaquond. Pessecus [Pessicus], the brother of Miantenomi, was admitted sachem with Canonicus.  He was put to death by the Mohawks, in 1676. In the war between the Narragansetts and Mohegans, in 1643, Miantenomi was captured  by Uncas, the sachem of the Mohegans, and executed.
  • Canonchet, the son of Miantenomi, was the last sachem of the race up to 1676, the year native peoples were "conquered". He commanded the Indians at the Great Swamp Fight, in 1675.  [He was executed by the English.]
    • See Bartlett’s RI Colonial Records (especially Vols. I through III) for other personages.
[48] Also Pond in Crompton & East Greenwich, and Hill & Post Office in Crompton
[49] Rider  (p. 207) lists many variant spellings (about 65).
[50] Known more commonly as "Hill".
[51] Tribal groups (Eastern & Western Niantic) in southwestern RI in Charlestown and Westerly.  For other spellings see Trigger (1978), p. 174. Swanton’s summary:
The Eastern and the Western Niantic were parts of one original tribe split in two perhaps by the Pequot; the nearest relatives of both were probably the Narragansett.
[52] A tribe in northwestern corner of RI and into Connecticut whose name has been spelled variously Nopnats, Nipnots, Neepnucks, Neepmoogs, Neepmucks, Nipnets, etc.  Swanton’s summary:
The Nipmuc occupied the central plateau of Massachusetts, particularly the southern part of Worcester County, but they extended into northern Rhode Island and Connecticut.
[53] Ancient name for Woonsocket, RI.
[54] See  LaFantasie, Glenn W. (1988).
[55] Parsons (1861) believes this name is from Quacut.
[56] Many historic spelling variants.
[57] Does not mean "whiskey pond" at some suppose.
 

© 2003 Francis J. O'Brien, Jr., Newport, RI
This material my be used for personal use, and may be quoted in publication, as long as these sources are cited: 1) Dr. Francis Joseph O'Brien, Jr., author, and; 2) Rhode Island USGenWeb (RIGenWeb) Project.
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