American Indian Place Names
In Rhode Island:

Past & Present


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C

Name
Historical & Geographical Information
Translation
Cacauwonch Kent County The beginning place
Cachanaquoant See Cajanaquond  
Cachauaquan See Cajanaquond  
Cacumgunsett Kent County Whetstone quarry; place of high rocks
Cacumquussuck See Cocumscusset  
Cajacet POINT, or shore on Canonicut island [in Jamestown], near the north end and facing Portsmouth. [See Benedict Arnold's will.]. See Conanicut
Cajanaquant See Cajanaquond  
Cajanaquond Narragansett Sachem or Chief See Narragansett Tribe
Cajaset See Cajacet  
Cajocet See Cajacet  
Cajoot MINE, of Blacklead, or Carburet of iron, at the foot of Tower Hill in S. Kingstown [at Narragansett Pier]. Fir-tree place?
Canada Pond, Dam, Providence Village; group of houses (Mohawk language)
Canangogum Northwestern Providence County, Burriville The fence or boundary; highland?
Caneunsquisset TRACT. North Kingstown, between Wickford and Exeter. It makes the west side of N. Kingstown, and adjoins Cocumscusset, or Wickford. High place; high rocky cliff
Cannonicus See Canonicus  
Canob Pond See Canopaug
Canonchet Brook, Carolina See Canonchet
Canonchet[7] MILL SITE, S. W. of Fenner's hill one mile [& Farm Park and Memorial, Narragansett). The name was lately given in honor of Canonchet He is ruler, overseer, protector (Narragansett Sachem & warrior, son of Miantonomi)
Canonicus Spring Of the long place? (Narragansett Sachem or Chief).  See Canonicut
Canonicut[8], Cananicut or Quonotamaquot ISLAND [& Point, Park, Light], between S. Kingstown Ferry and Newport. It is Jamestown. The especially long place
Canopaug BROOK and SWAMP [and VILLAGE], in [North] Scituate, on the east side, sometimes spelled in deeds Quonopaug. The brook rises from the swamp and runs westerly to Moshwansicut river. A long pond
Capanagansitt Providence County, Warwick Place of the enclosed (or plugged-up) well; closed up meadow?
Cap-an-gan-sitt See Capanagansitt  
Cappacommock SWAMP, three or four miles north from the Pequod shore [in Charlestown]. It signifies hiding-place, to which the squaws and children retired on the approach of boats, Another like it is Owlshead, called Ohomowauke swamp. Refuge or hiding place
Cappacomuck See Cappacommock  
Cassuckquunsh Narragansett Sachem or Chief See Narragansett Tribe
Casuckqunce See Cassuckquunsh  
Caucan See Caucaujawatchuck  
Caucaujawatchuck Providence County, Cranston Sharp mountain peak; sharp mountain? Very long hill?
Caucaunjawach See Caucaujawatchuck  
Caucumsquissic See Cocumscusset  
Caucumsqusuk See Cocumscusset  
Caujaniquante See Cajanaquond  
Caunaunacus See Canonicus  
Causumset, Causumsett See Cawsumsett  
Cawaude Kent County Pine place
Cawcawmsqussick See Cocumscusset  
Cawncawnjawatchuk Providence County Very long hill
Cawsumsett Bristol (see Cowsumpsit) Sharp rock place; whetstone rock place
Cepasnetuxet See Copassanatuxet  
Chabatawece See Chibacoweda  
Chachacust NECK, meadow in Barrington. It is near Warren. [Gen. Fessenden.] Where stream divides and opens; torrent rocks place
Chachapacaset, Chachapacasett See Chackapaucasset  
Chackacust See Chachapaucasett  
Chackapacauset See Chackapaucasset  
Chackapaucasset or Chackapacauset, now called Rumstick point or neck, S. of Warren, in Barrington, [Gen. Fessenden.] Rumstick was applied to a portion of it as early as 1697 by whom and wherefore is not known. Where the steam divides and opens up; at the great widening out place
Chagum Pond, Newport County A black bird [bobolink?; redwinged blackbird?]
Chaipuachack See Chippachooag  
Chanananonum See Chanangongum  
Chanangongum LAND, in Nipmuck. [See Trumbull's History, p. 346, vol. 1.] Great reed place; great paint place
Chapomeset See Chopmist  
Chapompamiskock Providence County, Scituate? Big fishing place near boundary rock?
Chapumishcook[9] Northern part of Scituate See Chapompamiskock ?
Chaubatick Ancient Narragansett Village, Providence At the forked river; river which bounds
Chechechnessett See Checkechnusset  
Checkechnusset Brook, Washington County At the boundary; brook at the place of separation
Cheepauke Providence County? A place apart; an isolated island
Cheetoskeunke Kent County At the principal wading-place [ford, or bridge?]
Chemagaze See Chemanguz  
Chemangase See Chemanguz  
Chemanguz POND, or Chemunganoc. Same as Watchaug. Poquient brook runs from it in a N., W, direction. It is in nearly the centre of Charlestown. Small canoe?; small waterway?; big brant goose?
Chemaunguz See Chemanguz  
Chemunaganoc See Chemunganock  
Chemunaganock See Chemunganock  
Chemunganoc See Chemunganock  
Chemunganock HILL, in Charlestown, probably near Chemunganset Pond; which is the same as Watchaug Pond. It is in the centre of Charlestown. At the abode of the brant goose; big stink place (rotting vegetation); place where we put down paddles; big ash-tree place
Chemunganset See Chemunganock  
Chepacchewag See Chippachooag  
Chepachague Washington County Principal turning place
Chepachet RIVER and VILLAGE, or Chepatset. Fifteen miles N. W. of Providence, on Branch river. It means Devil's Bag. A bag or wallet was found here, probably dropped by some hunter, and as no one could tell who, an Indian said it was the Devil. Hence Chepuck, devil; chack, bag; now converted into Chepachet. Place of separation (where stream divides); boundary place
Chepachewag[10] See Chippachooag  
Chepachuach See Chepachague  
Chepachuack See Chepachague  
Chepatset Providence County, Burriville Boundary place
Chepinoxet ISLAND, off Cowesit shore [in Narragansett Bay], near Baker's station and the summer residence of John Whipple. It means Devil's Island[11]. Little place of departed spirits
Chepiwanoxet Island & Village, Kent County, East Greenwich At the small separated place
Cheppuxet  See Chippuxet  
Chepuckset See Chippuxet  
Chepuxet See Chippuxet  
Chesawane See Chisawannock  
Chesewanne See Chisawannock  
Chesewannock See Chisawannock  
Chesewanock See Chisawannock  
Chibachuesa See Chibacoweda  
Chibachuwesa See Chibacoweda  
Chibachuwese See Chibacoweda  
Chibachuweset See Chibacoweda  
Chibacoweda[12] ISLAND, Chibachuweset or Chippacurset, Prudence Island in the [Narragansett],  bay, below Warwick neck point. It was presented by sachem Canonicut, to Roger Williams; or rather sold to Williams and Gov. John Winthrop, for twenty fathom wampum and two coats. Little place separated by a passage (from Prudence Island[13])
Chickamug Washington County, Westerly Fish trap; fish weir; a fishing place; principal fishing place
Chickasheen Brook, Washington County, Kingston Big spring; fish weir; high water; cedars
Chipachuack or agne, LAND, is the S. E. corner of Hall's purchase of two miles, near and including S. Kingstown depot. Where stream divides; place of separation
Chipachuagne See Chipachuack  
Chipacoweda See Chibacoweda  
Chipchug POND, Duck pond. Probably either Sherman's or Teft's pond, in South Kingstown Place apart; boundary place (see Chipachuack)
Chiponaug Kent County, Warwick Separated or isolated point?; place of large oysters?; principal resting place
Chippachooag Washington County, West Greenwich Place of separation; where the stream divides (see Chipachuack
Chippachuachack See Chippachooag  
Chippachuat See Chepachague  
Chippacurset See Chippecurset  
Chippanogset see Chepinoxet  
Chippechuock See Chipachuack  
Chippecurset ISLAND, Prudence same as Chipacoweda. See Chibacoweda
Chippuachack See Chippachooag  
Chippuxet RIVER, or Chepachuack, or Chepacchewag, called also Wawoskepog. [See Potter, page 225,] deed of Nicholas Gardiner Jr., to John Thomas, state records. This river runs near S. Kingstown Depot, between it and the hill or village of S. Kingstown. Principal turning place (See Chipachuack)
Chipuxet See Chippuxet  
Chisawamicke See Chisawannock  
Chisawannock[14] ISLAND, or Chesawane. Hog or Perry island [in Narragansett Bay]. Mouth of Bristol harbor, and west of Bristol Ferry about half a mile. Owned by the children of the late Capt. Raymond Perry. There was a contest, for the ownership of this island, -between Plymouth and Rhode Island. Principal fishing place; muddy bottom
Chisweanocke See Chisawannock  
Chockalaug RIVER, rises in the south side of Douglas, and runs towards the centre of Burrillville [in Providence], at Wood's mill and Harris factory. Fox place
Chockalog See Chockalaug  
Chomowauke See Ohomawauke  
Chopequonset FARM or POINT, a mile S. of Pawtuxet, owned by the heirs of the late Nicholas Brown, Esq. Isolated plantation; separated fields; fields at boundary place
Chopmist HILL, north-west corner of Scituate [in Clayville], running three to four miles N. and S. Boundary or dividing place; principal crossroads
Coaksett See Cokesit or Acoaxet?  
Coaxet Ancient Wampanoag village, Newport County See Cokesit
Cockampoag See Cocumpaug  
Cocumcosuck See Cocumscusset  
Cocumcussoc See Cocumscusset  
Cocumcussuc See Cocumscusset  
Cocumpaug POND, or Cockampoag, on old map, two miles north from General Staunton's in Charlestown, about one mile long. In 1794, it was proposed in the legislature to divert the Pawcatuck river into the sea, by opening a channel from Champlin's bridge in a South East direction, to Cocumpaug pond, two and a half miles and through this to Fort neck, by Meadow Brook, and there at Fort neck enter Pauwanganset-pond, at the N. E. corner of Champlin's farm, near the highway, one and a half miles E. of Gen. Staunton's The pond is in the centre of Charlestown, and one mile N. E. from Wotchaugh pond. Long (fishing?) pond
Cocumscusset BROOK, or Cawcawmsqussick, is now called Stoney Brook. It is the south boundary of Quidnesit, and a little north of Wickford. It gives name to the harbor of Wickford, and to the land where the Updike and Congdon house stands. The first English house erected in Narragansett, was here, by Richard Smith, who kept an Indian trading house; as did also Roger Williams, many of whose letters date here. It was here that the Massachusetts troops marched from, and back to, in the Swamp battle. It was the mart of Indian trade of Narragansett shores two hundred years ago. At the place where there are small sharpening stones; sharp stones in a cove; high cliff?
Cocumussoc See  Cocumscusset  
Coesit See Cowesit  
Coessett See Cowesit  
Cogamagooant See Cajanaquond  
Cogamaquoant See Cajanaquond  
Coginaquon See Cajanaquond  
Coginaquond, Coginaquand See Cajanaquond  
Coheassuck Kent County Pine tree place?; brook near the pines?
Cohoes Shopping center, Providence Small pine tree
Cojonoquant See Cajanaquond  
Cojoot See Cajoot  
Cokesit TRACT, in Little Compton, near Dartmouth. It seems there were two Indian places of worship in the town in 1700; one in Seconnet, and the other northward and eastward at Cokesit Pine place
Comnuc See Cumnuck  
Conamicut See Canonicut  
Conanicus See Canonicus  
Conanicut See Canonicut  
Conaquetoque Island, Washington County Place of the long stream
Conconchewachet LAND. See Caucaujawatchuck
Conectacutt See Connecticut  
Conimicut[15] Point Beach, Bristol See Connimicut
Connannicutt See Canonicut  
Connaug POND, Westconnang. See Stevens's map. S. E. corner of Foster. Westconnaug purchase was south part of Foster, Scituate and Cranston; which lies to the S. West of the North branch of the Pawtuxet river, See plat of it in H. L. Bowen's office. Long place
Connecticot See Connecticut  
Connecticut Common name on many geographical references On the long tidal river
Connimicut POINT, Warwick, opposite Nayatt. (See Stephen's map); also a map by Des Barres, 1776. Name of Sachem Canonicusí granddaughter? [Quenimiquet or Quinimikit]
Connitic See Connecticut  
Conob PONDS a few rods east of Brand's Iron Works, west side of Richmond [in Hope Valley]. Long rock
Conochet See Canonchet  
Conockonoquit[16] ISLAND, is Rose Island, off Newport [in Narragansett Bay], about one mile S. W. from the almshouse. Sold by Canonicus (formerly called Maussup[17],) to Peleg Sanford, 1675. Long point place
Conockonquit See Conockonoquit  
Cononicut See Canonicut  
Consamassett, Consamasset TRACT, a part of Moshantatuck or Pawtuxet river [in Cranston] Place of sharp rocks?; place of long fish (eels)
Consamset See Causumset  
Conskuet Island, Newport County At the long rock or reef; at the long outlet; the long pouring out place
Consumpsit Rock, Bristol County (see Cowsumpsit) Sharpening rock; whetstones; sharp rock
Coojoot See Cajoot  
Coonempus Road, Newport County, Block Island  Long reef; long gravelly place 
Cooneymus See Coonempus  
Coonimus Swamp, Block Island  See Coonempus
Copassanatuxet LAND. Cepasnetuxet, or Occupassuatuxet. Henry Green farm. It lies on the north side of Gov. Francis's farm, and is of the same breadth, extending from the bay westward. It is the northern boundary line of Warwick Cove on small tidewater river or inlet
Copassanatuxett See Copassanatuxet  
Copassnetuxit See Copassanatuxet  
Copessnatuxit See Copassanatuxet  
Copessuatuxit See Copassanatuxet  
Cowaude Kent County, Warwick Pine Place
Cowekesit See Cowesit  
Cowekesuck See Cowesit  
Coweset[18], Cowesett[19], Cowessett[20] See Cowesit  
Cowesit LANDS, or kesit or suck. The shore between Apponaug and Greenwich village [in Warwick], including farms from the bay westward to Crompton mills and beyond. Sold to R. I. government, 1639, by Tacommanan and his son Wasewkil, and grandson Namowish. Pine place
Cowsumpsit Ancient Wampanoag village in Bristol and nearby Place of sharp rocks
Cummock Island, Kingston See Cumnuck
Cumnuck Island, Washington County, South Kingston Shut-in place
Cushena Little Compton Wet land; near where the tide runs out
Cushenah See Cushena  
Cussucquunsh Narragansett Sachem or Chief, alias Pessicus and Maussup See Narragansett Tribe
 

[7] Also known as Nananawtûnu ("he is ruler, overseer, protector"),  Nanuntenoo or Quananshett among other spellings.
[8] Named for Canonicus [1565-1647, the eldest of four sons of Tashtassuck, the first of the recorded chiefs/Sachems of the Narragansett tribe of Indians.  He lived on Conanicut Island (see Quononicut for term less corrupted).  See Narragansett Tribe.
[9] From An Historical Sketch of The Town of Scituate, R.I., 1877.
[10] Rider (p. 144) believes this is same as Chipachuack.
[11] "Devil" is a good illustration of laypersonís misunderstanding of regional Indian languages. The root chepi means "separation" (including physical death).  This meaning is illustrated by Roger Williams (1643), where he records: chepeck = "the dead"; Chepassôtam = "the dead Sachim".
[12] Now called Patience Island.
[13] See Wappewassick.
[14] Now called Hog Island.
[15] Includes other places in East Greenwich and Bristol.
[16] Now called Rose Island.
[17] Perhaps not correct (see Pessicus); Mausup is believed to have been the brother of Miantonomi, whereas Miantonomi was the nephew of Canonicus.  See Narragansett.
[18] Ancient Nipmuck village in northern RI, west of Blackstone River.
[19] Includes a Post office, East Greenwich.
[20] Includes Shopping Center in Crompton.

© 2003 Francis J. O'Brien, Jr., Newport, RI
This material my be used for personal use, and may be quoted in publication, as long as these sources are cited: 1) Dr. Francis Joseph O'Brien, Jr., author, and; 2) Rhode Island USGenWeb (RIGenWeb) Project.
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