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 Oregon County Selection List

 

County
Established
Origin
Etymology
Map/County Administrator
 

Baker

1862

Wasco County, Union County and Malheur County

Edward Dickinson Baker, a senator from Oregon who was killed at Ball's Bluff, a battle of the American Civil War

State map highlighting Baker County
David Samuelson

Benton

1847

Polk County

Thomas Hart Benton, a U.S. senator who advocated U.S. control over the Oregon Country

State map highlighting Benton County

Clackamas

1843

One of the original four districts of the Oregon Country

The Clackamas Indians, a Native American tribe living in the area.

State map highlighting Clackamas County

Clatsop

1844

Northern and western portions of the original Twality District

Clatsop tribe of Native Americans, who lived along the coast of the Pacific Ocean prior to European settlement

State map highlighting Clatsop County

Columbia

1854

Northern half of Washington County

Columbia River, which forms the county's eastern and northern borders

State map highlighting Columbia County

Coos

1853

Western parts of Umpqua and Jackson Counties

The Coos Tribe of Native Americans who lived in the region

State map highlighting Coos County
Linda Simpson

Crook

1882

Southern part of Wasco County

George Crook (1828 ? 1890), a U.S. Army officer who served in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars

State map highlighting Crook County

Curry

1855

Coos County

George Law Curry (1820-1878), a governor of the Oregon Territory

State map highlighting Curry County

Deschutes

1916

Southern part of Crook County

The Deschutes River, which flows thourgh the county.

State map highlighting Deschutes County

Douglas

1852

Portion of Umpqua County which lay east of the Coast Range summit

Stephen A. Douglas (1813 - 1861), a U.S. politician who supported Oregon statehood

State map highlighting Douglas County

Gilliam

1885

Eastern third of Wasco County

Cornelius Gilliam (1798 - 1848), a pioneer who commanded the forces of the Provisional Government of Oregon after the Whitman Massacre

State map highlighting Gilliam County

Grant

1864

Parts of old Wasco and old Umatilla counties

Ulysses S. Grant (1822 ? 1885), army officer who served in the Oregon Territory; a Union general in the American Civil War at the time of the county's creation; and subsequently President of the United States (1869?1877)

State map highlighting Grant County
David Samuelson

Harney

1889

Southern two-thirds of Grant County

William S. Harney (1800 - 1889), a cavalry officer of the period, who was involved in the Pig War

State map highlighting Harney County

Hood River

1908

Northwest portion of Wasco County

The Hood River (a tributary of the Columbia River), which flows through the county

State map highlighting Hood River County

Jackson

1852

Southwestern portion of Lane County and the unorganized area south of Douglas and Umpqua Counties

Andrew Jackson (1767 ? 1845), the seventh President of the United States

State map highlighting Jackson County

Jefferson

1914

Crook County

Mount Jefferson, which is located on its western boundary.

State map highlighting Jefferson County

Josephine

1856

Western half of Jackson County

Virginia "Josephine" Rollins, the first white woman to make this county her home.

State map highlighting Josephine County

Klamath

1882

Western part of Lake County

The Klamath or Clamitte tribe, which has had a presence in the area for 10,000 years.

State map highlighting Klamath County

Lake

1874

Jackson and Wasco Counties

Numerous lakes and hot springs.

State map highlighting Lake County

Lane

1851

Southern part of Linn County and the portion of Benton County east of Umpqua County

Gen. Joseph Lane (1801 ? 1881), the first governor of Oregon Territory

State map highlighting Lane County

Lincoln

1893

Western portion of Benton County and Polk County

Abraham Lincoln (1809 ? 1865), sixteenth President of the United States.

State map highlighting Lincoln County

Linn

1847

Southern portion of Champoeg (later Marion) County

U.S. Senator Lewis F. Linn (1795 ? 1843) of Missouri, author of the Donation Land Act, which provided free land to settlers in the West.

State map highlighting Linn County

Malheur

1887

Southern portion of Baker County

Malheur River (formally "Riviere au Malheur" or "Unfortunate River"), named by French trappers whose property and furs were stolen from their river encampment.

State map highlighting Malheur County

Marion

1843

One of the original four districts of the Oregon territory

Francis Marion (1732 ? 1795), American Revolutionary War general

State map highlighting Marion County

Morrow

1885

Western portion of Umatilla County and a small portion of eastern Wasco County

Jackson L. Morrow, an early resident

State map highlighting Morrow County

Multnomah

1854

Eastern part of Washington and the northern part of Clackamas counties

The Indian village of Multnomah, on Sauvie Island. The word is derived from nematlnomaq, probably meaning downriver. Lewis and Clark made note of the name in 1805, and applied that name to all local Indians.

State map highlighting Multnomah County

Polk

1845

Yamhill District

James Knox Polk (1795 ? 1849), President of the United States at the time of the county's creation

State map highlighting Polk County

Sherman

1889

Northeast corner of Wasco County

William Tecumseh Sherman, American Civil War general, and businessman, educator, and author

State map highlighting Sherman County

Tillamook

1853

Clatsop, Yamhill and Polk Counties

Tillamook (or Killamook) Native American people.

State map highlighting Tillamook County

Umatilla

1862

Portion of Wasco County

Traces its creation in 1862 to the regional gold rushes, which spawned the riverport of Umatilla City (just above the mouth of the Umatilla River) and brought stockraisers to the lush grasslands.

State map highlighting Umatilla County

Union

1864

Baker County

The town of Union, which had been established two years before and named by its founders for the "Union" of the states during the Civil War.

State map highlighting Union County
Alice Allen

Wallowa

1887

Eastern portion of Union County.

The Nez Perce word wallowa to designate a tripod of poles used to support fish nets. The area was claimed by the Chief Joseph band of the Nez Perce as its hunting and fishing grounds

State map highlighting Wallowa County

Wasco

1854

Parts of Clackamas, Lane, Linn and Marion counties

The Wasco (or Wascopam) Native American tribe.

State map highlighting Wasco County

Washington

1843

One of the original four districts of the Oregon Country (as Twality District)

George Washington (1732 ? 1799), Founding Father of the United States and first President of the United States

State map highlighting Washington County
Don Kelly
(In Memoriam)

Wheeler

1899

Parts of Grant, Gilliam, and Crook Counties

Henry H. Wheeler, who operated the first mail stage line from The Dalles to Canyon City.

State map highlighting Wheeler County

Yamhill

1843

One of the original four districts of the Oregon Country

The Yamhelas, members of the Kalapuya Native American family, who lived along the Yamhill River in the western Willamette Valley.

State map highlighting Yamhill County

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