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Recipe List

    Hardtack
    Beef Jerky
    Indian Fry Bread
    Tea Biscuits
    Potato Pudding
    Apple Treat
    Apple Snow
    Cranberry-Nut Muffins

Pioneers brought recipes from home, but on the way west they added new foods to their diets.

In a new land they discovered what the Indians ate, many varieties of wild fruits, nuts, vegitables, and camas roots.

These recipes are converted for modern cooking stoves and baking ovens.

Hardtack 

    2 cups stone ground flour
    1 cup water

Combine the flour and water. Knead until smooth. Sprinkle some flour on a smooth surface and roll the dough flat until it is 1/4 inch thick. Cut biscuits out with a can or a glass making each biscuit about 3-4 inches in diameter. Poke holes into each biscuit with a fork. Place on a floured cookie sheet. It should come out hard and dry.

    Oven: 400 F
    Time: 35-45 minutes
    Yield: 12-15 biscuits

 Beef Jerky 

    1 flank or london broil steak, or other very lean cut of meat
    salt and pepper
    1 cup soy sauce
    aluminum foil

Cut the steak into strips with the grain of the meat. It is very important to cut along the grain or the cooked meat will fall apart into small pieces! Pour the soy sauce into a bowl and dip the meat strips in it. Lay the strips out on a piece of foil and sprinkle generously with salt and pepper on both sides. Place the strips on a metal rack in the oven with foil below to catch the drippings.

    Oven: 150 F
    Time: 10 hours

You can put your beef jerky in the oven at bedtime and it will be ready to take out in the morning before school.

Indian Fry Bread

    3 cups self-rising flour
    2/3 cup powdered sugar
    1/3 cup milk
    1 cup cold water
    corn oil (for frying)

In a bowl, mix sugar and milk. Add flour. Gradually stir in the water until the flour is moistened and the dough forms. Turn the dough out on a lightly floured surface; knead until dough is well mixed. Roll to a 10 inch square and about 1/2 inch thickness. Cut into 12 rectangles. In a deep saucepan, heat some oil at 375 F. and fry the dough 2-3 minutes or until medium brown. Turn often as you are frying. Drain on a paper towel and sprinkle with powdered sugar.

Tea Biscuits

      1 cup butter
      1 cup milk
      4 eggs
      3 cups flour
      1 tsp. salt
      1 1/2 tsp. baking soda
      2 tsp. cream of tarter

    Mix all ingredients together. Make into a thin loaf and bake in flat, greased pan. Break into chunks. Serve warm with butter and honey.

      Oven: 350 F
      Time: 30 minutes, but check after 20 min.

      Potato Pudding

      3 large potatoes
      3 eggs (separated)
      1 cup granulated sugar
      1/4 cup flour
      1 tsp. salt
      1 cup cream
      1/2 fresh lemon (juice squeezed, and rind grated)

Boil, mash and cool the potatoes. Mix with egg yolks. When well blended, add egg whites, (which have been well beaten and combined with sugar) flour, salt, cream, and lemon, juice and grated rind. Bake in a buttered dish until firm. Serve with sugar and cream. Also, they are good when they are topped with fresh berries, sweetened and crushed.

    Oven: 350 F
    Time: 30 minutes (or until firm)

Apple Treat

      4-5 slices of buttered bread
      1 can sweetened apple sauce
      2 eggs
      1 pint milk
      1/2 cup granulated sugar
      1/2 tsp. salt


    Line the bottom of a pudding dish with buttered bread and cover with apple sauce. Repeat until dish is half-full, finishing the layering with the bread on top. Mix eggs, milk, sugar, and salt. Pour this mixture over bread and sauce. Bake until set. Serve cold with cream, sugar, and nutmeg gratings or cinnamon.

      Oven: 350 F
      Time: Approx. 25 minutes

    Apple Snow

        10 apples
        1 cup water
        Grated rind of 1 lemon
        10 eggs (separated)
        1 cup granulated sugar

      Peel and core apples. Simmer in water with lemon rind until tender. Put through colander and cool. Take egg whites, beat to a stiff froth, and fold into apples. Add sugar, and continue beating until stiff. Serve in a glass dish with either custard sauce made with the egg yolks, or whipped cream. This is good enough for a party when served with ladyfingers, snow cake, or sponge cake.

    Cranberry-Nut Muffins

        1/4 cup margarine
        1/2 cup honey
        2 beaten eggs
        1/2 cup orange juice
        1 1/2 cups flour
        1 tsp. grated orange rind
        1 tsp. baking powder
        1 1/2 tsp. salt
        3/4 cup chopped cranberries
        1/2 cup chopped walnuts

      Cream margarine and honey. Add the eggs, orange juice, and rind. Mix in the flour, baking powder, and salt. Then, add the cranberries and the walnuts. Bake in oiled muffin tin.

        Oven: 350 F
        Time: 35 minutes
         

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