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    Texas County was formed at Oklahoma statehood (16 November 1907) from the central one-third of "Old Beaver County" also known as "No Man's Land". When the formation of the county was authorized by the Constitutional Convention of 1907, the county was so named because it was wholly included within the limits of the Texas Cession of 1850, whereby the ownership of the area was passed from the State of Texas to the United States Government. From 1850 to 1890, its lands were never attached to any state or territory, never surveyed, and never divided into townships and sections. From 1890 to 1907, it was part of Beaver County.
    Texas County has been a transportation corridor. In the mid- and late-nineteenth century various Plains Indian tribes traversed the region, including the Apache, Comanche, Kiowa, Cheyenne, and Arapaho. In the 1880s two cattle trails extended from Texas to Kansas, passing near Hardesty. Along one that wound its way from south to north, drovers took their herds from Hansford County, Texas, to Kansas. An east-west trail, called the Montana Trail or the National Trail, developed after the state of Kansas banned Texas cattle, because they might carry fever ticks. The route left Camp (Fort) Supply and crossed the Public Land Strip, turning north into the southeastern corner of Colorado. In spring 1888, after creating the town of Liberal, Kansas, in March, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway (soon controlled by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific system, CRI&P) constructed a line into the Public Land Strip. The railhead was built outside Kansas in order to facilitate the shipping of Texas herds. Therefore, loading pens were constructed at a rail head near present Tyrone, and watering facilities were set up a few miles distant at Shade's Well. The pens could accommodate eight thousand head, and the water troughs, twice that many. These served ranchers in Beaver County and also trail herds arriving from Colorado, Texas, and New Mexico. Three years later the CRI&P extended its trackage southwest to Dalhart, Texas, and into eastern New Mexico, creating a continuous line from El Paso, Texas, to Chicago.


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  • Dept. of Libraries
    Third Floor
    200 NE 18th St.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105
    Phone: (405) 522-3579
  • The Oklahoma State Archives provides an excellent library of genealogy records including: Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Applications, 1915-33, Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Pension Files, 1915-49, U.S. District Land Office Homestead Registers, 1889-1908, Oklahoma Supreme Court Applications to the Bar, 1907-42, Oklahoma Board of Medical Examiners Deceased Files, 1907-86, Oklahoma Board of Pharmacy Deceased Pharmacist Files, 1907-75, and Oklahoma Board of Chiropractic Examiners Inactive License Files, 1921-84.

Oklahoma Genealogical Society Library and Archives

  • 2100 N. Lincoln Blvd.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105-4997
    Phone: (405) 522-5225
  • The Oklahoma Genealogical Society maintains a library and archives that the public is allowed to visit. The Library and Archives contains over 62,000 volumes with emphasis on Oklahoma, Native American, and western history. In addition to these materials -- many of which are rare and out-of-print -- the library also houses a number of special collections.
County Clerk
319 North Main St., Room 2
Guymon, OK 73942
Phone (580)338-3141
Fax (580)338-4311
Court Clerk
319 North Main St.
Guymon, OK 73942
Phone (580)338-3819

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Adjacent Counties

Beaver County | Cimarron County
Stevens County, Kansas | Seward County, Kansas | Morton County, Kansas
Ochiltree County, Texas | Hansford County, Texas | Sherman County, Texas

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