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Roger Mills County

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    Present Roger Mills County was originally part of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation. Before the area was opened for non-Indian settlers on April 19, 1892, Counties C through H were created. E County became Day County, and F County became Roger Mills. At 1907 statehood the boundaries of Roger Mills County changed. The southern portion of former Day County was added to Roger Mills, and the southern portion of Roger Mills was added to Beckham County. On March 17, 1930, Roger Mills' western boundary was changed after the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the true 100th Meridian was actually thirty-eight hundred feet further east.
    Probably the first Europeans in the area were the Spanish led by explorer Coronado, who camped near the Antelope Hills in 1541. Almost two hundred years later French Canadian traders and brothers Pierre Antoine and Paul Mallet followed the Canadian River on their return trip from Santa Fe, New Mexico, in 1740. In the 1800s explorers and traders passed through the area. In 1821 after reaching the Rocky Mountains explorer Stephen H. Long followed the Canadian River eastward through present Oklahoma. In 1839-40 trader Josiah Gregg crossed the future state from Van Buren, Arkansas, to Santa Fe, following basically along the Canadian River. Capt. Randolph B. Marcy passed through the region in 1849 as he led a group of gold seekers across Indian Territory. In 1853 U.S. Army Lt. Amiel Whipple led an expedition from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to survey for a possible railroad route through present Oklahoma. Following crude roads just south of the Canadian River the Whipple Expedition passed through future Roger Mills County. Two significant battles occurred in present Roger Mills County. In the Battle of Antelope Hills Texas Rangers attacked a Comanche village on May 12, 1858. On November 27, 1868, Lt. Col. George A. Custer assaulted Chief Black Kettle and a band of Cheyenne camped along the Washita River in the Battle of the Washita.
    In 1818 the Quapaw ceded the land south of the Canadian River to the United States. In the 1820s and 1830s the Choctaw and Chickasaw were removed from the southeastern part of the United States to Indian Territory. By an agreement made in 1855 with the Choctaw and Chickasaw their land west of the 98th Meridian was leased to the United States. In 1869 a reservation for the Cheyenne and Arapaho was set aside in the Leased District. Due to the area's suitability for grazing, the Cheyenne and Arapaho leased reservation land to cattlemen such as Edward Fenlon and William E. Malaley. In the early 1890s the Bar X Ranch was established in northwestern Roger Mills County. Before the land opening on April 19, 1892, the Cheyenne and Arapaho received 160-acre allotments.


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County Clerk
500 East Broadway St.
Cheyenne, OK 73628
Phone (580)497-3361
Fax (580)497-2167
Court Clerk
500 East Broadway St.
Cheyenne, OK 73628
Phone (580)497-3361
Fax (580)497-2167

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Adjacent Counties

Ellis County | Dewey County | Custer County | Beckham County
Wheeler County, Texas | Hemphill County, Texas

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