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Okmulgee County

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    Under the provisions of treaties signed in 1826 and 1832, the Creek exchanged the land they owned in Georgia and Alabama for "security" and land the United States had acquired through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The first Creek contingency left Georgia in 1827 and the last in 1836. Some twenty thousand Creek made the perilous journey referred to as the "Trail of Tears."
    Reorganized in the Indian Territory (present Oklahoma), the Creek government, under the leadership of Principal Chief Samuel Checote, revised its constitution in 1867 and selected Okmulgee as their capital in 1868. The name Okmulgee comes from the Hitchita (Lower Creek) word oki mulgi, meaning "boiling waters." Okmulgee Creek, which meanders through the area, was seldom dry and made an ideal meeting place. In 1869 the Creek Nation built its council house. Originally a log building, the council house was rebuilt with native stone in 1878.
    When the Creek selected Okmulgee as their capital, merchants Frederick B. Severs and Columbus Belcher from Shieldsville, a small town three mile northwest of Okmulgee, abandoned their shops and moved there. Severs and Belchers each built establishments which later became the business center of the Creek Nation. On April 29, 1869, a U.S. post office was opened and Sever and Belcher became its first and third postmaster, respectively.
    Okmulgee County was organized at 1907 statehood, and Okmulgee became the county seat.


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County Clerk
315 West 7th St.
Okmulgee, OK 74447
Phone (918)756-3042
Court Clerk
315 West 7th St.
Okmulgee, OK 74447
Phone (918)756-3042

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Adjacent Counties

Tulsa County | Wagoner County | Muskogee County | McIntosh County
Okfuskee County | Creek County

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