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    After 1837 the Chickasaw began relocating to Indian Territory, joining the Choctaw. In 1842, to protect Chickasaw settlers in the area, the U.S. Army established Fort Washita on the Washita River's east side in present Bryan County. In 1855 the Chickasaw separated from the Choctaw Nation, creating their own government, with present Marshall County a part of the Chickasaw Nation's Pickens County. In 1859 the Burney Institute for Girls opened near Lebanon, and in 1860 it received a post office designated Burney Academy. After the Civil War it was known as the Lebanon Orphan Institute. In 1887 the institute became the Chickasaw Orphan Home and Manual Labor School. Since statehood the property has been in private hands.
    The region has historically been a transportation corridor. During the nineteenth century the Texas Road followed the east side of the Washita River in present Bryan County. In 1900-01 the St. Louis, Oklahoma and Southern Railway (acquired by the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway, known as the Frisco, in 1901) constructed a north-south line through the present county. In 1901-03 the Arkansas and Choctaw Railway (changed to the St. Louis, San Francisco and New Orleans Railroad in 1901 and sold to the Frisco in 1907) laid tracks from east to west through the area. In 1941 the State of Oklahoma constructed tracks to replace the Frisco lines that were to be inundated by Lake Texoma.
    In 1898 the Curtis Act stripped the Chickasaw government of its power. Soon, the allotment process provided for individual land ownership, providing a push for Oklahoma statehood, which occurred in 1907. In July 1908 county residents voted Madill the county seat over Kingston. In 1914 Marshall County built its courthouse.


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  • Dept. of Libraries
    Third Floor
    200 NE 18th St.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105
    Phone: (405) 522-3579
  • The Oklahoma State Archives provides an excellent library of genealogy records including: Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Applications, 1915-33, Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Pension Files, 1915-49, U.S. District Land Office Homestead Registers, 1889-1908, Oklahoma Supreme Court Applications to the Bar, 1907-42, Oklahoma Board of Medical Examiners Deceased Files, 1907-86, Oklahoma Board of Pharmacy Deceased Pharmacist Files, 1907-75, and Oklahoma Board of Chiropractic Examiners Inactive License Files, 1921-84.

Oklahoma Genealogical Society Library and Archives

  • 2100 N. Lincoln Blvd.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105-4997
    Phone: (405) 522-5225
  • The Oklahoma Genealogical Society maintains a library and archives that the public is allowed to visit. The Library and Archives contains over 62,000 volumes with emphasis on Oklahoma, Native American, and western history. In addition to these materials -- many of which are rare and out-of-print -- the library also houses a number of special collections.
County Clerk
1 Court Place, Suite 200
Pryor, OK 74361-2448
Phone (918)825-2185
Fax (918)825-4415
Court Clerk
One Court Place, Suite 200
Pryor, OK 74361
Phone: (918) 825-2185

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Adjacent Counties

Craig County | Delaware County | Cherokee County
Wagoner County | Rogers County

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