Presley H. Gallion. When
the Cheyenne-Arapaho reservations were opened in Oklahoma in 1892,
Presley H. Gallion came to this section of the country, and since
that time he has been identified more or less conspicuously with the
growth and development of the district. His career has been a widely
varied one, and has led him into many fields of occupation, in as
many different states in the Union. When he came to the Indian
Territory, however, he found a country that made an appeal to him
that he was unable to withstand. He was appointed postmaster at
Arapaho in 1912, and is still occupying that position.
Presley H. Gallion
is of German and English ancestry, though his family has been
identified with American life since Colonial days, when the first of
the name settled in Virginia. He was born in Middletown, Henry
County, Indiana, on July 12, 1847, and is the son of Thomas N. and
Ellen (Smith) Gallion. The father was born in Ohio in 1820, and died
in Wayne County, Indiana, in 1858. The mother, born in Ohio in 1823,
died in Howard County, Indiana, in 1912.
Thomas N. Gallion
moved from his native habitat into Wayne County, Indiana, in young
manhood, and was there married, after which he located in Howard
County. That move took place in 1848, and soon after he returned to
Wayne County. He went to Minnesota in 1856, but trouble with Indian
outbreaks caused him to return to Wayne County, where he died. He was
a blacksmith, and was a member of the United Brethren Church and the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows. He was a man of excellent habits of
life, and he stood well in those communities where he made his home.
Presley H. Gallion
attended the schools in Howard County, Indiana, in his boyhood, and
it will be recalled that in the ’50s and ’60s the educational
advantages to be had in the country schools were not as valuable as
those found in similar communities today.
At the early age of thirteen he went to work for himself, and he was
employed on farms in that vicinity as a helper, receiving a small
monthly wage. He continued in that work until he was almost sixteen
years of age, and in the summer of 1863 he enlisted in the One
Hundred and Eighteenth Indiana Regiment of Volunteer Infantry. He was
then barely sixteen years of age, and he served for a year, being
mustered out on March 4, 1864. He took
part in several important engagements during that time.
In 1864 the boy went
to Hagerstown, Indiana, and there applied himself to the task of
learning the trade of a stonemason. He was occupied in that work
until 1869, when he went to Clinton, Missouri, and there ran a coal
mine for one winter, after which he resumed his trade as a stone
mason and worked at it for the balance of the year. In the spring of
1870 Mr. Gallion went to Lawrence, Kansas, and until 1872 he was
employed at his trade in the summer months, and in the winter seasons
he taught school. In 1873 he went to what is now known as Elk County,
in Kansas, and there he took up a preemption claim, on which he lived
until 1889. He then went to Moline, Kansas, and ran a general store
for a year, after which he changed his line to hardware and continued
In April, 1892, Mr.
Gallion came to Oklahoma, the opening of the Cheyenne-Arapaho
reservations attracting him to the new place. He secured a claim of
160 acres eight miles distant from Arapaho, and he still owns that
property. He lived on it until 1902, when he moved into Arapaho and
took up his residence in town, securing employment in a tin shop,
where he worked until 1904. He then returned to his farm, and for
three years gave his undivided attention to that well established
enterprise. In 1907 he was offered a position in the Arapaho post
office, which he accepted, and in 1912 he was appointed postmaster
under President Taft. He has continued in that office down to the
present time, his appointment having been confirmed under the
democratic administration that followed. Mr. Gallion himself is
republican in his politics, and has always been prominent in local
politics wherever he has lived. He has been the friend of the public
school system all his life, and has served many years as a member of
school boards in his various communities. he is a member of the G. A.
R., Custer City Post, and of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows,
Lodge No. 42 of Arapaho. He is past noble grand of the local order,
and belongs to the canton and encampment as well.
On January 1, 1871,
Mr. Gallion was married near Lawrence, Kansas, to Miss Anna Bailey,
daughter of John A. Bailey, now deceased. He was a prominent farm
owner and oil operator. Nine children have been born to the Gallions.
Fred B. is a resident of Artesia, New Mexico, and is a farmer there.
Fannie M. married J. C. Brower, and they live in Wichita, Kansas,
where Mr. Brower is engaged in church work. Henry is a prominent
rancher in California. Tom and John, twin brothers, are farmers at
Fallon, Nevada. Roslyn is a teacher, and lives with her parents.
Presley H. Jr. lives in California, and Robert I. is with him. Paul,
a recent graduate of the Arapaho high school, is now at home with his