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OKLAHOMA!
The Sooner State

Ghost Towns of Oklahoma

INDIAN TERRITORY GHOST TOWNS
By A. C Townsend
.

A peculiar state of affairs existed late in the last century in the present state of Oklahoma. There was an officially created Oklahoma Territory, but it refused almost without exception the use a "Terr." on its postmark The postmarks read "Oklahoma" with but just four known exceptions out of the hundreds of towns and cities. And there was no officially declared Indian Territory by the Post Office Department until 1889-but without any exceptions locally every town in the Indian Territory had been using postmarks reading "Indian Territory" in one form or another for a period of fifty years.
By the Act of May 2, 1890, the official boundaries of both Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory were defined, thus two territories were designated where only one had formerly been specifically designated.
Just to complete the record, the two territories were united and combined into the State of Oklahoma on November 16, 1907, and the old Indian Territory postmarks then became extinct. California and Nevada have no cause to brag of their "ghost towns," at least so far as numbers are concerned. We have a record now of 359 towns that used stamped postmarks, and of that number the Postal Guide shows that 132 of them are among the things that were. Over one third of them gone!

The first five Indian postmarks read :
Miller Court H o w , Choctaw Nation, 1824.
Cantonment Gibson, Cherokee Nation, 1827.
Nicksville, Cherokee Nation, 1828.
Fort Towson, Choctaw Nation, 1832.
Eagle Town, Choctaw Agency, 1834.

All but Fort Towson and Eagle Town are ghost towns now and covers with these postmarks are exceedingly scarce. The remaining two are pretty small; Fort Towson has less than 500 inhabitants and Eagletown (as the postmark now reads) is but what we call "a wide spot in the road."
Consider some of the names of the dear departed: Bald Hill, Badland, Cary's Ferry, Goody's Bluff, Echo, Frogville, Erin Springs (sentiment there! ) , Legal, Lyceum, Owl, Panther, Quartz (not gold, just quartz), Starville. Some of them the names of settlers who came to see and to conquer the wilderness and build cities. And their dreams crumbled to dust and their houses and towns crumbled to dust, and in many instances there is not a trace left.
Some of the Army names naturally faded away, but what tales of Apache raids and other thrilling events could we shiver over if the old sites had a voice? Camp Supply, Cantonment, Fort Washita. And what became of the Irishmen who founded Erin Springs,McKey, McLain, Mckuskey, Reagan? They to are but ghost towns.
But it was not alone the white man whose dreams faded and whose homes disappeared. Look at the Indian towns: Catale, Choska, Cooyah, Econtuchka, Juanita, Lukfata,Monido, Oconee, Oowala, Sageeyah, Sawokla, Wauhilla.

See the Stump Review ( St Joseph, Missouri), XV, No. 4 pp. 1, 12.
See Grant Foreman, "Early Post Offices of Oklahoma," Chronicles of Oklahoma (Oklahoma City), VI, Nos. 1-4; VIII, No. 1.
Charles N. Gould, Oklahoma Place Names (Norman, 1933).

Classification


Ghost towns can include sites in various states of disrepair and abandonment. Some sites no longer have any trace of civilization and have reverted back to pasture land or empty fields. Other sites are unpopulated but still have standing buildings. Some sites may even have a sizable, though small population, but there are far fewer citizens than in its grander historic past.

To view a map of all ghost towns in Oklahoma sorted by classification, visit Oklahoma's Ghost Town Map

Barren site - B

Sites no longer in existence
Sites that have been destroyed
Deserted
Covered with water
Barren site
Reverted to pasture
May have a few difficult to find foundations/footings at most

Semi-abandoned site - S

Building or houses still standing
Buildings and houses largely abandoned
few residents
many abandoned buildings
Small population

Neglected site - N

Only rubble left
Roofless building ruins
Buildings or houses still standing, but majority are roofless

Historic community - H

Building or houses still standing
Still a busy community
Smaller than its boom years
Population has decreased dramatically, to one fifth or less.

Abandoned site - A

Building or houses still standing
Buildings and houses all abandoned
No population, except caretaker
Site no longer in existence except for one or two buildings, for example old church, grocery store

Arron

Jackson

Abbott

Pushmataha

1897

1899

Acme

Grady

1911

1930

N

Grew around the Acme Cement and Plaster Company mill and power plant.

Adamson

Pittsburg

Former coal mining town in eastern Oklahoma.

Addington

Jefferson

1890's

present

H

Agawam

Grady

1909

1919

Alhambra

Johnston

1896

1904

B

Alluwe

Lightning Creek

Nowata

1872

1950's

B

Founded by the Delaware Indians. Moved to New Alluwe after the creation of the Oologah Reservoir.

Alpha

Kingfisher

1893

1903

America

McCurtain

1903

1944

N

Alsuma

Tulsa

1906

1926

Antioch

Garvin

1895

1932

Arthur

Stephens

1890

1934

Autwine

Pierceton, Arta, Virginia City

Kay

1894

1930

B

Avard

Woods

1904

still present

S

Avery

Mound City

Lincoln

1902

1957

N

Avoca

Asher

Pottawatomie

1894

1906

Badland

Bailey

Grady

All black town.

Bald Hill

Bathsheba

Beck

Beer City

White City

Texas

1888

1890

B

Bell

LeFlore

1891

1897

Benton

Beaver

1880's

1920

B

Bernice

Needmore

Delaware

1880's

1941

B

Original site flooded by Grand Lake o' the Cherokees.

Bethel

Grant

1895

1895

Bickford

Blaine

1904

1927

B

Site occupied by Roman Nose State Park

Big Canyon

Arbuckle

Murray

1961

Big Cedar

Bigcedar

LeFlore

1903

1943

Blackburn

Pawnee

1893

1960

S

Boggy Depot

Old Boggy Depot

Atoka

1837

1883

B

Site occupied by Boggy Depot State Park

Bookertee

Okfuskee

All black town.

Braithwaite

Washita

1910

1923

Bridgeport

Caddo

1890's

present

S

Brinkman

Greer

1910

1965

A

Bromide

Juanita, Zenobia

Coal,
Johnston

1905

present

H

Burke City

Okfuskee

Button Springs

Johnston

Canadian Colored

All black town.

Carpenter

Roger Mills

Cary's Ferry

Catale

Cayuga

Delaware

1884

1913

S

Center

Pontotoc

1880's

1900

S

Destroyed by fire. Old site 1/2 mile north of new community of Center, Oklahoma.

Centralia

Lucas

Craig

S

Cestos

Dewey

1898

1923

S

Chahta Tamaha

Armstrong Academy

Bryan

1844

1920

B

Former capital of the Choctaw Nation.

Charleston

Harper

Chase

All black town.

Cheek

Cherokee Town

Garvin

1874

1877

B

Chism

McClain

Chisholm Spring

Pottawatomie

Choska

Citra

Hughes

Clarkson

Payne

Clebit

Clemscott

Carter

An oil camp in the Healdton Oil Field.

Cloud Chief

Tacola

Washita

1892

1964

S

Former county seat of Washita County.

Cohn

Pushmataha

Cold Springs

Kiowa

1903

B

Cleared for Tom Steed Reservoir.

Conditville

Stephens

Cooperton

Kiowa

1903

still present

S

Cooyah

Corbett

Cleveland

1893

1930's

N

Corner

Pottawatomie

1903

1906

Cowboy Flats

Campbell, Pleasant Valley

Logan

S

Cox City

Grady

1927

1964

Cross

Crum Creek

Pushmataha

Dale

Pottawatomie

Dawson

Tulsa

Denoya

Whizbang

Dillard

Carter

Doaksville

Choctaw

1847

1903

B

Choctaw capital from 1850-1863.

Doby Springs

Bellaire

Harper

1907

1922

Douglas City

Oklahoma

1894

Black community

Douthat

Century

Ottawa

Neglected site

Downs

Kingfisher

1889

1900

Eagle City

Blaine

Eagletown

Eagle, Eagle Town

McCurtain

1834

Moved to present site in 1920.

Echo

Econtuchka

Eddy

Kay

Empire

Stephens

Erin Springs

Garvin

Eubanks

Pushmataha

Eschiti

Fallis

Lincoln

1892

A

Fame

McIntosh

Fennell

Choctaw

Ferguson

All black town.

Fisher

Fisher's Bottom, Fisherman's Bottom

Tulsa

Fleetwood

Jefferson

Foraker

Osage

1903

Fort Towson

Choctaw Nation

Foss

Washita

1900

Fowlerville

McCurtain

Francis

Newton

Pontotoc

H

Frazer

Jackson

Relocated to higher ground and renamed Altus

Frogville

Frost

Logan

Garnetville

Oklahoma

1892

Gas City

Stephens

Gee

Pushmataha

Gene Autry

Lou, Dresden, Berywn

Carter

1883

present

Gibson Station

All black town.

Glenwood

Oklahoma

Goody's Bluff

Gotebo

Kiowa

S

Grand

Ellis

1892

1943

Former county seat of Day County.

Gumbo Pit

Oklahoma

Hale

Tulsa

Hanson

LeFlore

Flooded by Arkansas River.

Harrison

Sequoyah

1908

1912

Helsel

Cleveland

Hext

Beckham

1901

1902

Along historic Route 66.

Hochatown

McCurtain

Hockerville

Ottawa

1916

N

Holder

Hollister

Tillman

Hope

Stephens

Hoxbar

Carter

Humphreys

Jackson

S

Huntville

Kingfisher

B

Indiahoma

Grady

Indianapolis

Grady

Independence

Custer

1892

1922

Ingalls

Payne

1889

Ingersoll

Alfalfa

Iron Post

Creek

Jefferson

Grant

1887

H

Jennings

Pawnee

Jester

Greer

Johns

Pushmataha

Juanita

Jumbo

Pushmataha

1906

Named for Jumbo Asphalt Company.

Kell City

Keokuk Falls

Pottawatomie

1892

1918

Keystone

Appalachia

Pawnee

Flooded by Keystone Lake.

Kiamichi

Pushmataha

Kibby

Harper

Kosoma

Pushmataha

1888

1854

Kusa

Okmulgee

1916

1936

Lacey

Kingfisher

1890

1909

Lake Creek

La Kemp

Lakemp

Beaver

1909

1919

Lawrie

Logan

Legal

Lehigh

Coal

1882

still present

S

Former county seat of Coal County.

Lenna

Lenora

Lanora

Liberty

Nobel

1893

All black town.

Lone Pine

Lone Star

Lonestar

Custer

1895

1904

Loveland

Harriston

Tillman

1908

S

Lovell

Perth

Logan

1889

1957

Lukfata

Lugart

Jackson

1902

1950

Cleared for Lake Altus-Lugart Reservoir.

Lyceum

Pushmataha

Lyman

Magee

Marina

Marshall Town

All black town.

Mayes

Adair

1883

1896

A

Formed around Flint Courthouse, Flint District, Cherokee Nation.

Maxwell

Meers

Comanche

1902

A

Miller Court House

McCurtain

Milton

Needmore

LeFlore

1870

1950's

N

Site of the Milton Colony.

Mineral

Mineral City

Cimarron

1886

1911

Monido

Moral

Mouser

Texas

1928

Navajoe

Jackson

1887

Navina

Logan

S

Neal

Pottawatomie

New Spring Place

Newby

Nicksville

Sequoyah

1828

1829

Former county seat of Lovely County, Arkansas. Site of Dwight Mission.

Nolia

Pushmataha

Non

Cannon

Hughes

1901

1954

A

North Fork

North Fork Town

All black town.

Oakdale

Oak Wall

Oconee

Oil City

Wheeler

Carter

A Healdton Oil Field camp.

Old Kaw City

Olney

Parmicho

Coal

Omega

Kingfisher

Oowala

Orr

Love

1892

1957

N

Owl

Paw Paw

Sequoyah

1882

1915

Park Hill

Cherokee

1838

Parkland

Parkersburg

Custer

1901

1906

B

Parr

Grady

1883

Pavilion

Murray

Perryville

Phroso

Major

1900

1937

N

Picher

Ottawa

1915

2009

A

Large zinc mining town.

Pine Valley

LeFlore

1926

1953

N

Piney

Adair

1824

Cherokee Nation capital from 1824-1828.

Prot

Washita

1901

Provine

Quay

Lawson

Pawnee, Payne

1894

Pyramid Corners

Quartz

Quinlan

Radium Town

Redden

Atoka

Redland

Reed

Greer County

1892

S

Reeding

Reno City

Richards Spur

Comanche

S

Roxana

Logan

Rodney

Pushmataha

Roy Rogers

Russell

Logan

Sacred Heart

Pottawatomie

Sageeyah

Sawokla

San Bernardo

Petersburg

Jefferson

Sante Fe

Sardis

Pushmataha

Scipio

Pittsburg

Shamrock

Shiloh

Logan

Silver City

Creek

Smackover

Kay

B

Spring Lake

Oklahoma

Property belonged to the Dale T. Thomas Shows owner and was primarily Spring Lake Amusement Park and off season home to the traveling show.

Starville

Stecker

Caddo

Sumpter

Kay

Stuart

Hughes

Texanna

McIntosh

1839

Texola

Texokla, Texoma

Beckham

On old Route 66.

Three Sands

Kay
Noble

Trousdale

Pottawatomie

Tuskegee

Creek

Uncas

Kay

Violet Springs

Vittum

Logan

Washunga

Kay

Waterloo

Logan

Warwick

Wauhilla

Webb

Dewey

S

Wellston Colony

All black town.

White Bead

Garvin

Wildman

Kiowa

Wirt

Ragtown

Carter

1913

present

Incorporated into Healdton.

Witcher

Oklahoma

Wolf

Seminole

S

Womack

McClain

1899

1909

B

Woodford

Bywater

Carter

Wybark

All black town.

Yewed

Alfalfa

Yonkers

Wagoner

Zena

Delaware

Zincville

Ottawa

  Billie Walsh SA
Linda Simpson ASA
© Saturday, 01-Nov-2014 01:03:32 MDT2010
All Rights Reserved