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Delaware County

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November 1907

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    Beginning in 1828 the Western Cherokee were relocated from Arkansas, settling mainly outside future Delaware County, in the southern part of the region that later became the Cherokee Nation. One of the chiefs, Thomas Chisholm (grandfather of Sen. Robert L. Owen), settled just west of Maysville, Arkansas. He was buried there in 1834 in the oldest-known marked grave in the county. In 1832 the Seneca from Ohio were removed to Indian Territory into lands that extended into present northeastern Delaware County. Some of the Eastern Cherokee arrived in 1836 and 1837, but the main body came late 1838 into 1839. About 1820 a group of Delaware who had befriended the Cherokee against the Osage settled Delaware Town, located approximately two miles south of present Eucha on Spavinaw Creek, where it now lies under Lake Eucha. The Cherokee named the surrounding area Delaware District.
    Delaware County was created at statehood in November 1907. The first county judge and clerk were sworn in by Cherokee John H. Gibson, mayor of Grove. As the only incorporated town in the county at statehood, Grove was designated the seat of government. However, a movement soon emerged to relocate it. Those who wanted it in the county's center banded together, found a place on Jay Washbourne's allotment, platted a town, won a vote to make Jay the county seat, and built a wooden courthouse. Meanwhile, an entrepreneur built a concrete courthouse just outside of the Jay plat. The wooden courthouse mysteriously burned, tempers flared, guns appeared, and the governor called out the military. A judge ruled in favor of the Jay plat, and in 1912 the records went into the Jay courthouse. Nevertheless, Grove citizens complained about the difficulty of holding court at Jay, because of poor roads and insufficient accommodations.


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Talbot Library and Museum

  • A Genealogy and Historical Research Library Specializing In:
    • Cherokee Territory
    • Northeastern Oklahoma Information and Materials
    • Northwestern Arkansas Information and Materials

Oklahoma Birth Certificates

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Oklahoma State Archives

  • Dept. of Libraries
    Third Floor
    200 NE 18th St.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105
    Phone: (405) 522-3579
  • The Oklahoma State Archives provides an excellent library of genealogy records including: Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Applications, 1915-33, Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Pension Files, 1915-49, U.S. District Land Office Homestead Registers, 1889-1908, Oklahoma Supreme Court Applications to the Bar, 1907-42, Oklahoma Board of Medical Examiners Deceased Files, 1907-86, Oklahoma Board of Pharmacy Deceased Pharmacist Files, 1907-75, and Oklahoma Board of Chiropractic Examiners Inactive License Files, 1921-84.

Oklahoma Genealogical Society Library and Archives

  • 2100 N. Lincoln Blvd.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105-4997
    Phone: (405) 522-5225
  • The Oklahoma Genealogical Society maintains a library and archives that the public is allowed to visit. The Library and Archives contains over 62,000 volumes with emphasis on Oklahoma, Native American, and western history. In addition to these materials -- many of which are rare and out-of-print -- the library also houses a number of special collections.
County Clerk
P. O. Box 309
327 South Fifth Street
Jay Oklahoma 74346
918-253-4520 / 3955
Fax: 918-253-8352
Court Clerk
327 South 5th St.
Jay, OK 74346
Phone (918)253-4420
Fax (918)253-5739

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Adjacent Counties

Ottawa County | Adair County | Cherokee County | Mayes County | Craig County
McDonald County, Missouri | Benton County, Arkansas

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