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Cherokee County

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    The "Trail of Tears" brought a large population of American Indians to Cherokee County. Prominent Cherokees settled at Park Hill, an established mission community, and at Tahlequah, the new capital, which was incorporated under Cherokee law in 1844. Many of the Cherokees' government buildings and residences, especially at Park Hill, were destroyed during the Civil War by one side or the other, as the conflict divided the tribe. In the mid-1870s non-Indians began illegally moving into present Cherokee County. In 1878 seventeen of these intruders were reported, and that number quadrupled within five years. By the 1890s whites outnumbered Indians. Land was surveyed in that decade, and beginning in 1902 individual Cherokees received allotments from the federal government. In 1906 the Cherokee Nation's tribal government was dissolved in preparation for statehood.
    Education in the county is deeply rooted in its Cherokee heritage. The Cherokee Male and Female seminaries opened in 1851 at Tahlequah and Park Hill, respectively. Many seminary graduates attended eastern colleges, and the Female Seminary became a social center for the Cherokee Nation. The seminary building burned in 1887 and was rebuilt in Tahlequah. After 1907 statehood Oklahoma purchased the Female Seminary (also in the National Register of Historic Places, NR 73001558). This institution became Northeastern State Normal School, which is now Northeastern State University. In 1910 fire destroyed the Male Seminary.


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County Clerk
213 West Delaware St., Room 200
Tahlequah, OK 74464
Phone (918)456-3171
Fax (918)458-6587
Court Clerk
213 West Delaware St.
Tahlequah, OK 74464
Phone (918)456-0691
Fax (918)458-6587

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Adjacent Counties

Delaware County | Adair County | Sequoyah County | Muskogee County
Wagoner County | Mayes County

Last Updated, Tuesday, 05-Mar-2013 11:48:42 MST

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