Caddo County

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1901

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History

    Between the 1830s and 1850s expeditions passed through the area. In 1834 the Dodge-Leavenworth Expedition traveled through present Caddo County, crossing the Washita River on its march back to Fort Gibson. Nine years later Nathan Boone led a reconnaissance that went northwest from Fort Gibson through northern Oklahoma to the 98th and 99th meridians before turning south and following the Canadian River back to the fort. In 1849 gold seekers going to California used the southern branch of the California Road that passed through Indian Territory. Emigrant parties left Fort Smith and Van Buren, Arkansas, and traveled the Californian Road that basically ran parallel to the Canadian River. Rock Mary, one of the landmarks along that road, is situated in present Caddo County. In 1853 the Whipple Expedition commenced from Fort Smith and crossed Indian Territory by following a route south of the Canadian River.
    Caddo County was organized on August 6, 1901, when the area was opened by lottery to non-Indian settlers. According to historian George Shirk, the county is named for the Caddo tribe and that the word stems from kaadi meaning "chief." Caddo County lost area to Grady County at 1907 statehood and in 1911. Initially, county government was administered under a tent on the courthouse square in Anadarko. Late in 1901 a one-story, wood-frame building was constructed. A second story was added in 1902. That year construction started on a three-story, brick courthouse, which served the county until 1958, when a two-story structure was built by Barbour and Short Company.

Links

Free Records Search at Familysearch Org

Caddo County Cemetery Listings

Canadian County Cemetery Listings at Find A Grave

Oklahoma Birth Certificates

  • Search for Oklahoma Birth Cetificates and how to order from the Vital Records Office.

State of Oklahoma Genealogy Records Guide

  • Search for death certificates and how to order them from The Vital Records Office

Oklahoma State Archives

  • Dept. of Libraries
    Third Floor
    200 NE 18th St.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105
    Phone: (405) 522-3579
  • The Oklahoma State Archives provides an excellent library of genealogy records including: Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Applications, 1915-33, Commissioner of Confederate Pensions Pension Files, 1915-49, U.S. District Land Office Homestead Registers, 1889-1908, Oklahoma Supreme Court Applications to the Bar, 1907-42, Oklahoma Board of Medical Examiners Deceased Files, 1907-86, Oklahoma Board of Pharmacy Deceased Pharmacist Files, 1907-75, and Oklahoma Board of Chiropractic Examiners Inactive License Files, 1921-84.

Oklahoma Genealogical Society Library and Archives

  • 2100 N. Lincoln Blvd.
    Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73105-4997
    Phone: (405) 522-5225
  • The Oklahoma Genealogical Society maintains a library and archives that the public is allowed to visit. The Library and Archives contains over 62,000 volumes with emphasis on Oklahoma, Native American, and western history. In addition to these materials -- many of which are rare and out-of-print -- the library also houses a number of special collections.
County Clerk
201 West Oklahoma Ave.
Anadarko, OK 73005
Phone (405)247-6609
Court Clerk
201 West Oklahoma Ave.
Anadarko, OK 73005
Phone (405)247-3393
 

Email Lists and Query Boards

Caddo County Mail List on Rootsweb
Caddo County Message Board on Rootsweb
Caddo County Message Board on Genforum

Adjacent Counties

Blaine County | Canadian County | Grady County | Comanche County
Kiowa County | Washita County | Custer County

Last Updated, Tuesday, 05-Mar-2013 11:48:38 MST

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© Friday, 19-Sep-2014 19:56:16 MDT by Caddo County Administrator