Search billions of records on

Land of Enchantment

New Mexico was organized as territory on September 9, 1850 and entered the union as the 47th state on Jan. 6, 1912 . It has 33 Counties.

New Mexico is bordered by Arizona (west), Colorado, Oklahoma (northeast), Texas (east), Utah (northwest). It has a has a land area of 121,593 square miles making it the 5th largest state. The capital is Santa Fe and the official state website is

New Mexico was named by the Spanish, in reference to Mexico. The nickname is "Land of Enchantment". The State Motto is " Crescit eundo" which means It grows as it goes.


Native Americans

Description of Picture.The Indians of this region generally lived in a harsh and inhospitable environment. Most of the region is hot and rocky and receives very little rainfall. There are some forest in the higher elevations and a few river valleys.

Most of the Indians of the Southwest United States including the Hopi, Yuam, and Zuni tribes were traditionally farmers and lived in permanent homes. Due to the harsh environment farming was challenging and usually required irrigation.

Some of the tribes in this region including the Apache and Navajo were nomadic hunters.

Predominant Tribes of the Southwest
Predominant Tribes of the Southwest

The Indians of the southwest are famous for their beautiful traditional baskets. These baskets are colorful and have beautiful patterns. The indigenous people of this region have been using the same basic method of basket making for thousands of years. Baskets dating back to 6,000 B.C. have been found in this region.

One of the most famous Indians of the Southwest was the Apache Cochise. For many years he and a small band of warriors terrorized settlers and others who entered their territory. They fought a bloody war with U.S. federal troops. Cochise and his men finally surrendered in 1872.

One of the most famous Southwest Native Americans is Manuelito. This Navajo war chief led his people in fighting the U.S. government's efforts to relocate them to New Mexico.

Perhaps the most famous Indian of this region was Geronimo. Born in 1829 he led numerous raids against Mexicans and Americans. Apache chiefs relied on his wisdom. He died in 1909 as a prisoner of war.

There were probably more battles fought between the Indians of the Southwest and the U.S. government than in any other Indian region.

From 1849 to 1886 the Apache Indians of the Southwest fought a series of battles against the U.S. government in what is called the Apache Wars.

The Navajo Indians of the Southwest have the largest Indian reservation in the U.S. It covers over seventeen million acres in New Mexico, Utah, and Arizona and is larger than some U.S. states.

The Southwest Indian region is home to the largest Indian tribe in the U.S., the Navajo.
Incredible Indian archaeological sites can be found throughout the southwest United States. Northern Arizona, near Flagstaff and Sedona in particular, is known for many ancient cliff dwellings and pueblo sites. This includes the ruins of Tuzigoot which is an amazing hill top pueblo built between 1125 and 1400 AD.