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Land of Enchantment

New Mexico was organized as territory on September 9, 1850 and entered the union as the 47th state on Jan. 6, 1912 . It has 33 Counties.

New Mexico is bordered by Arizona (west), Colorado, Oklahoma (northeast), Texas (east), Utah (northwest). It has a has a land area of 121,593 square miles making it the 5th largest state. The capital is Santa Fe and the official state website is www.newmexico.gov

New Mexico was named by the Spanish, in reference to Mexico. The nickname is "Land of Enchantment". The State Motto is " Crescit eundo" which means It grows as it goes.

 

The Census

 

The Territory of New Mexico was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed (with varying boundaries) from September 9, 1850, until January 6, 1912, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of New Mexico.

Historical population
Census Population
1850 61,547
1860 93,516
1870 91,874
1880 119,565
1890 160,282
1900 195,310
1910 327,30
1920 360,350
1930 423,317
1940 531,818
1950 681,187
1960 951,023
1970 1,017,055
1980 1,303,302
1990 1,515,069
2000 1,819,046
2010 2,059,179

 

 

Population Estimates, 1600-1850
Census Spanish Pueblo
1600 700 80,000
1609 60 ?
1620 800 17,000
1638 800 40,000
1680 1,470 17,000
1749 4,353 10,658
1800 19,276 9,732
1820 28,436 9,923
1840 46,988 16,510