Copyright 1922 by the Warden Co.
PREFACE.
    This humble effort is attempted for the purpose of perpetuating some of the facts relative to the Cherokee tribe, that might otherwise be lost. The object has been to make it as near a personal history and biography of as many Cherokees as possible.
    Without the assistance of the magnanimous, wholesoul membership of the nation, the work would not have been possible and for that reason I wish to thank each and every member, for their hearty collaboration and express my regret that the work has not the merit with which many others might have invested it.
Emmet Starr.
Claremore, Okla.
December 12, 1921.

Hon. Robert L. Owen
HON. ROBT. L. OWEN
Oliver Hazard Perry Brewer
O. H. P. BREWER
    Oliver Hazard Perry Brewer, the son of Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Hazard Perry and Delilah (Vann) Brewer, was born in Canadian District on March 15, 1871. A member of the senior class at the Male Seminary he was expelled about a couple of months before graduation day for condemning the action of the principal of that school in unmercifully beating one of the smaller boys. Brewer then attended Arkansas University and graduated on December 6, 1803. He was elected Senator from Canadian District on August 5, 1901. Elected a member of the Cherokee National School Board and chosen as its president in November, 1903. A democrat, he was elected delegate to the Oklahoma State Constitutional Convention from District Number Seventy-seven on November 6, 1906. Appointed postmaster of Muskogee in 1917.
D. M. Faulkner
D. M. FAULKNER
Sequoyah
(SEQUOYAH)
Cherokee Capitol
Cherokee Alphabet

Contents

Page
CHAPTER 1.
Origin, Religion, Characteristics 21
CHAPTER II.
Trouble with the Chickamaugau, Attack at Knoxville, Mussel Shoals Massacre, Removal to Arkansas, First Printed Laws 35
CHAPTER III.
Convention of Delegates, Constitution Adopted 55
CHAPTER IV.
Proclamation of May 28, 1828 67
CHAPTER V.
Treaty with the Cherokees, 1835 85
CHAPTER VI.
The Emigration from Georgia, Cost Detachment, Resolutions of Protest, Political Differences, Civil War Averted 103
CHAPTER VII.
Act of Union Between the Eastern and Western Cherokees 121
CHAPTER VIII.
Treaty with the Cherokees, 1846. Schools Established, Old Settler Payments, Keetoowah Society Organized, Organization of Military Companies, Cherokees Enter the Civil War, General Waite Surrenders 137
CHAPTER IX.
Treaty with the Cherokees, 1866, Delawares Acquire Full Rights, Shawnees Adopted by Cherokees, Land Sold to Osages, Officers' Salaries Fixed, Land Donated to Masons Lodges 167
CHAPTER X.
The Texas Cherokees 1820-30, Grant from Mexico, Grant from Texas, Treaties, Expulsion 187
CHAPTER XI
Public School System Established, National Officials, Male and Female Seminary. Graduates, Eleemosynary Institutions 225
CHAPTER XII.
Missionary Activities, First Printing 247
CHAPTER XIII.
Officers of the Cherokee Nation, September 9, 1839, to June 30, 1908 261
CHAPTER XIV.
Old Families and Their Genealogy 303
CHAPTER XV.
Continuation of Old Families 335
CHAPTER XVI.
Continuation of Old Families 363
CHAPTER XVII.
Continuation of Old Families 374
CHAPTER XVIII.
Continuation of Old Families 399
CHAPTER XIX.
Continuation of Old Families 419
CHAPTER XXI.
Redbird Smith, The Nighthawk Branch of the Keetoowah Organization, Election of Chief Levi Gritts 477
CHAPTER XXI.
Continuation of Old Families 543