Kingdom of Bréifne
Bréifne (or Breffny, Brefnie, Brenny, ...) was held by the clans of the Uí Briúin Breifne, descendants of Aodh Fionn, from the 7th century up to the time of Cromwell in the mid 17th century.
At its maximum extent Bréifne extended from Kells in Meath to Drumcliff in Co. Sligo and was part of the Kingdom of Connacht until the time of Queen Elizabeth I (1565), when it was split into the Counties Cavan and Leitrim. The O'Rourke's (Ó Ruairc) were early Kings of Bréifne, and later Princes of West Bréifne, an area which corresponds roughly to present day County Leitrim. The O'Reilly's (Ó Raghallaigh) were early Lords of East Bréifne, or Muinter Maoil Mordha, an area which was centered in present day County Cavan, a county which became part of Ulster by the 16th century. The early 8th century map of the Bréifne region of northwest Connacht (below) was published on page 20 of the Autumn 1994 edition of "Buagh," The Journal of the O'Rourke Clan. For further information see the
Uí Briúin Bréifne
About the 13th century O'Dugan, in his Topograhical Poems, makes note of the following families in the Breifne region:
Ancient territories on the map above included:
- O Ruairc (O'Rourke), Chief King of Breifne
- MacTighearnain (Mac Tiernan) over Teallach Dunchadha,
- MacSamhradhain (Mac Guaran) over Teallach Eachdhach,
- MacConsnamha (Mac Kinnawe, Ford) over Clann Chionaoith,
- MacCogadhain or Mac Acadhain (Mac Cogan) over Clann Fearmaighe,
- Mag Dorchaidh (Mac Darcy) over Cinel-Luachain,
- O Finn and O Cearbhaill (O'Carroll) over Calraighe,
- Mag Flannchadha (Mac Clancy) over Dartraighe,
- O Raghallaigh (O'Reilly) over Muinter Maoilmordha,
- O Cuinn (O'Quinn) over Muinter Giollagain,
- Mac Maoiliosa (Mallison, or Mellowes) over Magh Breacraighe,
- Mag Fhionnbhairr (Mac Ginver, Gaynor or Finnevar) over Muinter Geradhain,
- Mag Raghnaill (Mac Rannall, also Reynolds) over Muinter Eolais,
- Muinter Maoilmiadhaigh (Mulvey) over Magh-nise (Moynish), a.k.a. Muinter Cerballain, or Tellach Cerbhalláin,
- Muinter Fearghail (Ui Fearghail, or O'Farrell) and not now In the sovereignity over the Clann Feargius.
- Co. Roscommon. The early genealogies for the
show Brion, son of Eochuid Mugmedón, as the progenitor of many of the
royal families of Connacht. Noted chiefs of the Uí Briúin in Roscommon
included O'Connor of the Uí Briúin Ai. Clan Mulrooney and Clan MacDermot
were noted chiefs in Roscommon. See Connacht
The Uí Cremthainn
of Co. Fermanagh and northern Co. Monaghan. The early
genealogies state that the Úi Chremthaind were ancestors of one of the
Three Collas, i.e. Colla Fochríth.
In the 13th century the family of MacMahon (MacMathghamhna) held the
superior authority here with the title king of Oirghialla. For further information see the
Kingdom of Airghialla
- northern Co. Sligo and northeast Co. Leitrim. The territory of Cairbre, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages. in or near the barony of Grandard. The Annals seem to allude to the race of Cairpre, son of Niall in Grandard up to the 8th century, and after were settled in the barony of Carbury in co. Kildare. For further information on the group, see Cenél Cairpri [Mor]
of co. Sligo, and Uí Cairpri Laigen
of co. Kildare; and Cairbre Gabra
, of co. Longford.
- northern Co. Longford, barony of Granard,... O'Ronan (Ó Ronáin) were chieftains in the barony of Granard until
dispossessed by the O'Farrells in the 13th century.
The annals cite
(possibly for Cairpre Gabra):
The annals cite for the general terms Cairpre, Coirpri, et al
- For 731/36, Bodhbhchadh (Bodbthach, or Badbchadh), son of Conall Gabhra, chief of Cairbre, died.
- In the Annals of Tigernach for the year 742, Guin Aeda, is cited as ríg (king) of Ceniuil Cairpri a n-Granard
- For 747, Conaing ua Duibh Dúin, is cited as tigherna Cairpre Teabhtha;
- For 752, Conaíng h-ua Duib Duin is cited as rí Cairpri Teftha (Tethba);
- For 766, Artghal, son of Conall, lord of Cairbre Teathbha died.
- For 855, Bran, mac Scannláin, tigherna Gabhra, died.
- For 1029, Aedh h-Ua Ruairc was rí Cairpre;
- For 1161, Matudhan, mac mic Cronáin, is cited as tigherna (lord) Cairpre Gabhra.
- For 1161, the annals cite Madadhan Ua Ronan as rí (king) of Cairpri Gabra;
- For 485, The first battle of Granairet. Coirpre, son of Niall Naígiallach, was victor.
- For 491, The battle of Taillten was gained over the Lagenians by Coirpre, son of Niall.
- For 495, The second battle of Granairet. Eochu son of Coirpre son of Ailill son of Dúnlang son of Énna Niad was victor.
- For 544, Tuathal Maelgarbh, son of Cormac Caech, son of Coirpre, son of Niall, King of Temhair, died.
- For 598, Colman, chief of Cinel Cairbre was victor at the battle of Eachros in Muirisc, against Maelcothaigh, chief of Cinel Fiachrach, of Muirisc.
- For 649, Oengusa Bronbachlae, regis Ceniuil Coirpri, died.
- For 665 Maelduin, son of Scannal, chief of Cinel Coirbre died; (Sligo?)
- For 669, Dubhduin, chief of Cinel Cairbre slays Seachnasach, son of Blathmac, the king of Tara (Cairbre of co. Longford?)
- For 678, Conall Oirgneach, chief of Cinel Cairbre, was slain.
- For 681, Fearghus, son of Maelduin, chief of Cinel Cairbre. was slain at the battle of Corann (Sligo?).
- For 696, Muirghius, son of Maelduin, Lord of Cinel Cairbre, died. (Sligo?)
- For 706, Concobar mac Maili Duín rí Cenéoil Cairpri died. (Sligo?)
- For 707 and again for 722 Conall Mend is cited as rí Ceneoil Cairpri (Sligo?).
- For 744, Mac Cuanach the Wise one of the Cinel Cairbre, died.
- For 747 and 752, Flaithbheartach, son of Conall Meann, chief of Cinel Cairbre (Sligo?).
- For 752, Death of Conaing grandson of Dub Dúin, king of Cenél Cairpri of Tethba. (Cairbre of co. Longford)
- For 757 the Cinel Cairbre defeat the Luigne at the battle of Caille Taidbig.
- For 771, Cathal, son of Conall Minn, lord of Cairbre Mor, died (Sligo?).
- For 787, The battle of Ard Mic Rime was fought also by Muirgheas, son of Tomaltach, against the Ui nAilella, wherein were slain ... Cathmugh, son of Flaithbheartach, lord of Cairbre, ... (Sligo?).
- For 779, Cugamhna, son of Naeinneanaigh, lord of Cinel Cairbre, died.
- For 787, Cathmugh, son of Flaithbheartach, lord of Cairbre was slain.
- For 813, Laegaire son of Cú Gamna, king of Cenél Cairpri, dies.
- For 871, Dunadhach, son of Raghallach, lord of Cinel Cairbre Mor, died. (Sligo?)
- For 954, Ua Ruairc inflicted a great slaughter on the Cairpre and Tethba, and ua Ciardai, king of Cairpri, fell.
- For 976 Ferghal mac Foghartaig is cited as ríg Cairpre Moíre. (Sligo?)
- For 1030, Donncadh, rí Cairpre, was slain by the Uib Fiachrach Muirsce.
- For 1032, Murchadh, mac Searraigh, tigerna Coirpre Móiri, died.
- For 1045 Glún Iaraind h-Ua Cleirchen, ri h-Ua Cairpri;
- For 1105, Maol Ruanaidh Ua Bilraighe, tigherna Ua Cairpre;
Located in western Co. Fermanagh. The Fir Manach, the Cinéal Eanna and the Cenél Laegaire were early indigenous tribes in the Co. Fermanagh area.
Various references to Cenel Laegaire septs include
Láegaire (west of Lough Erne), son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, a quo Cenél Láegaire mic Neill
Enna, son of Láegaire (near Trim, Meath), son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, a quo Cenél Láegaire Breg (e.g. Quinlan, Kindellan, Connelan).
Láegaire (Lough Ennel, Westmeath), son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, a quo Cenél Láegaire Midi (Clann Cucrichi, i.e., the Ui hAedáin).
Laoghaire (Munster), son of Criomthann, son of Eochu macCaiss a quo Cinel Laoghaire (O'Donohues, O'Leary, et al).
Laeghaire, son of Eocha Brec, son of Nath I macFiachrach, a quo Cenel Laeghaire.
The Irish Annals note:
- For 454, Feis Teamhra (Tara) la Laoghaire, mac Néll (of Meath).
- For 458, Laoghaire mac Nell Naoighiallaigh, righe n-Ereann (Meath).
- For 639, Oilill, mac Colmáin, toiseach (chief) Cenel Laoghaire dies.
- For 642, Ailello, maic Colmain, king of Ceneoill Láegaire.
- For 766, Aenghus, son of Fearadhach, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
- For 771, Oengus mac Fogertaigh, ri (king) Ceniuil Loeghaire.
- For 779, Maelduin, son of Aenghus, lord of Cinel Laeghaire.
- For 792, Curoi (Cu Raoi), son of Aenghus, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
- For 842, Cionaedh, mac Con Rai, tigherna Chenél Laoghaire.
- For 882, Domhnall, son of Aedh, lord of Cinel Laeghaire, died.
- For 883, Cumuscach mac Domnaill, rex (king) Ceniuil Loegaire dies.
- For 885, Domnall mac Cinaedha is noted as ri (king) Ceniuil Loegaire.
- For 925, Caindealbhán mac Maol Cróin, tighearna Ua Laoghaire (Meath) dies.
- For 930, Cionaedh mac Caindealbhain, tighearna Cenel Laoghaire (Meath).
- For 952, Bran mac Domhnaill, tighearna Chenel Laeghaire Bregh (Meath).
- For 1017, Domhnall Ua Caindealbháin, tigherna Ceneoil Laoghaire (Meath).
- For 1018, Domnall Ua Caindelbain ri Loegaire (in Meath).
- For 1033, Lorcan Ua Caindelban, rí Loegaire (in Meath).
- For 1085, Aenghas Ua Caindealbháin, tigherna Laoghaire (in Meath) dies.
- For 1104, Cú Uladh Ua Caindealbháin, tigherna Loeghaire h-i t-Traighbhaile (Meath).
- For 1130, Oenghus Ua Caindelban, ri Loegaire (in Meath).
- For 1135, Mathghamhain Ua Donnchadha, tigherna Cenel Laoghaire.
- For 1136, Domhnall Ua Caindelbhain, tigherna Cenel Laoghaire (Meath).
- For 1140, Cú Uladh Ua Caindelbháin, tigherna Laoghaire (in Meath).
- For 1160, Lorcán Ua Caindelbháin, tigherna Laoghaire (Meath).
Cenél Enda (Énna or Eanna)
Located in the southern Co. Donegal and northern Fermanagh region. About the 5th century Enda, the youngest son of Niall of the Nine Hostages, received territory in modern co. Donegal. The Book of Lecan places Cenél Enda mic Neill west of Lough Erne. The Book of Fenagh equates Cenél Enda extending from the river Errity to Barnesmore, barony of Tir Hugh, to Sruell in the barony of Banagh, in the county of Donegal. It is said the north-western limit was Farnagh in the parish of Aughnis, barony of Kilmacrenan. The eastern limit of his lands was the river Finn.
Historians have also placed this early area on the borders of modern co. Donegal and Tyrone. An area known as Magh Ene was located at the southern tip of co. Donegal, perhaps alluding to the area described in the Book of Fenagh. The latter area was later dominated by septs of the Cinel Conaill (Conal Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages).
There were numerous territories or tribe names known as Cenel Enda, Enna, nEnna, et al. Perhaps the more famous was the territory of Cenel Enda (or Tir Enna), just southwest of Inishowen, in nothern co. Donegal, ruled by septs whose genealogies are tied to the Cinel Eoghain (Eoghan, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages). See the Northern Ui Neill for further discussion on these familes. Together the Cenél Conaill and Cenél Eoghain eclipsed the Cenél Enda to such a high degree that there is scant mention of them in the early Irish genealogies.
There was also a Cenel Enna centered in Moycashel barony, co. Westmeath, represented by the familes of Ua Braonain (e.g. Brennan) of Creeve, and Mag Ruairc (e.g. Groarke) of Teallach Conmasa. Cenel Enda septs are also cited for the Ui Fiachra Aidhne, the Ui Briuin, the Conmaicne and for the ancient Ui Ernáin of Leinster who migrated to Munster.
The Annals cite for the general term Cenel Enda:
- For 1010, Oenghus ua Lapáin, as tigherna (lord) Cenél n-Enda.
- For 1018, Flaithbheartach Ua Neill came into Tir-Conaill, and plundered Tir-Enda and Tir-Lughdhach.
- For 1036, Cú Ciche, mac Eccnecháin, tigherna Ceneoil Enda, died.
- For 1057, Niall Ua h-Egneacháin as tigherna of Ceneoil Enda.
- For 1078, Cathal mac Domhnaill tigherna Cenel Enda, was slain.
- For 1175, The Kinel-Enda were defeated, and a great slaughter made of them by Eachmarcach O'Kane, and Niall O'Gormly.
- For 1177, Niall O'Gormly, Lord of the men of Magh-Ithe and Kinel-Enda, was slain by Donough O'Carellan and the Clandermot in the middle of Derry
- For 1177, Conchobhar O'Cairellain, indeed, gained a victory over O'Maeldoraidh and the Cenel-Conaill, in which a great number of the Cenel-Enna were slain, along with the son of O'Serrigh, and many other chieftains likewise.
- For 1199, Donnell O'Doherty, Lord of Kinel-Enda and Ard-Mire, died.
- For 1342, Donnell O'Doherty, Chief of Ardmire, and of the cantred of Tir-Enda, a man full of hospitality and prowess, died, and John O'Doherty assumed his place.
In County Fermanagh. According to one story, the original 'Fir Manach' are claimed to come from Leinster, reaching the Upper Lough Erne at very early date. "At the coming of Christianity, Fermanagh was partly independent (i.e. original tribes), partly under the Oriel tribes and partly under Connaught influence" (Livingstone 1969, 6). Throughout the 11th and 12th centuries the Kings of Fermanagh - O'hEignigh, O'Maolruanaidh and O'Dubhdara - were drawn from the Airghialla [Oriel], its Clann Lugainn branch, which is stated in the early genealogies to descend from one of the three Collas, i.e. Colla Fochríth. The O'Heany or Hegney (Ó hEignigh) and Mulrooney (Maolruanaidh) septs were noted as kings of Fermanagh (Fer Manach) until becoming tributary to the Maguires (Meicc h-Uidir) by the 13th century.
An early Leinster genealogy of the Manach and the Monaigh of Ulster: (Rawlinson)
Ragnall m. Cernaich m. Gillae Brigte m. Coscraich m. Cenndubáin m. Duiligén m. Galáin m. Cainnecháin m. Máel Tochaid m. Gilluráin m. Inglaind m. Comgaill m. Corccáin m. Manaich m. Ailella m. Féicc m. Dáire Barraich m. Catháer Máir.
An early Genelach Clainne Lugáin .i. Fer Manach (Rawlinson)
Gilla Coluim m. Gillai Críst m. Éicnich m. Dálaich m. Meicc h-Uidir m. Cernaich m. Lugáin m. Írgalaich m. Feichín m. Cormaic m. Fergusa m. Cairpri Daim Argait m. Echdach m. Crimthaind m. Féicc m. Dega Duirn m. Rochada m. Colla Fochríth.
An early genealogy of Meg hUidhir (Maguire): (Book of Balymote)
Pilip m. Aeda m. Flaithbertaich m. Duind m. Domnaill m. Gilla Isu m. Duind m. Ragnaill m. Uidhir m. Serraich m. Uidhir m. Serraich m. Airgiallaich m. Uidir m. Cernaich m. Lugain m. Irgalaich m. Eignich m. Cormaic m. Fergusa m. Aeda m. Cormaic m. Cairpri (Daim Argait) m. Eachach m. Crimthainn m. Feic m. Deadaduirn m. Rochadha m. Colla Da Crich.
The Annals cite:
- For 1009/10, Cathal son of Dub Dara, king of Fir Manach, died.
- For 1053, Niall ua hÉicnigh, king of Fir Manach, was killed by the men of Lurg.
- For 1057, Domnall ua Ruairc was killed by Domnall son of Mael Ruanaid, king of Fir Manach.
- For 1076, There were killed Gairbeith ua Innrechtaigh, king of Uí Méith—by the men of Mide, and Gilla Críst ua Duibdara, king of Fir Manach—in Daiminis, by the Fir Manach.
- For 1077, The defeat of Mael Dergi, in which many fell, was inflicted on the Fir Manach by the Cenél Eógain of Telach Óc.
- For 1095, Ua hÉicnigh, king of Fir Manach, was killed by his own people.
- For 1101, Donnchad son of Aed ua Ruairc was killed by the Fir Manach.
- For 1118, Laidcnén ua Duibdara, king of Fir Manach, was killed by the Uí Fhiachrach and Fir na Craíbhe.
- For 1126, Ua Mael Ruanaid, king of Fir Manach, was killed by his own people.
- For 1127, Gilla Críst ua hÉicnigh, king of Fir Manach and over-king of Airgialla, died in Clochar Mac nDaimín after excellent repentance.
- For 1128, A leap year and embolismal year. The men of Magh Itha, i.e. Domnall ua Gailmredhaigh, and the Cenél Moain stormed a house against the king of Fir Manach, i.e. Faelán ua Duibdara, and he fell by them, and a number of the nobles of the Fir Manach with him.
- For 1160, Maol Ruanaidh, tigherna Fer Manach.
- For 1189, ‘Son of the night’ Ua Mailruanaigh, king of Fir-Manach, was deposed and went to Ua Cerbaill. And a foray [-party] of the Foreigners came into the country and Ua Cerbaill and Ua Maelruanaigh encounter them and defeat is inflicted upon Ua Cerbaill and Ua Maelruanaidh is killed there.
- For 1234, Oenghus Mac Gille-Fhinnein, king of Fir-Manach, was killed by Ua Domnaill.
- For 1241, Domnall Mor Ua Domnaill, king of Tir-Conaill and Fir-Manach and Cairpri and Airghialla from the Plain downwards, died...
- For 1275, Flaithbertach Ua Daimin, king of Fir-Manach; rested in Christ...
- For 1298/1302, Donn Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach, namely, the first king of Fir-manach of the sons of Mag Uidhir, rested in Christ.
- For 1306, Ma[c] Craith Mag Uidhir, royal heir of Fir-Manach and Domnall Mac Gille-Michil, chief of Clann-Conghaile, were pillaged and burned by Ralph Mac Mathgamna.
- For 1324, Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach, died.
- For 1333, Aed h. Domnaill ri Tiri Conaill & Fer Manach.
- For 1335/8, Ruaidhri (of the hospitality, son of Flaithbertach, son of Donn junior, otherwise Carrach) Mag Uidhir, king of Fir-Manach and of Loch-Eirne (for fourteen years; otherwise, for two years), the man that most bestowed of money and of goods, of horses and of herds and of cattle, died on the pillow after victory [of praise] from learned and from poets.
- For 1360/3, Aedh Mag Uidhir (the Red), king of Fir-Manach, died this year.
- For 1366, Philip Mag Uidhir, namely, king of Fir-Manach...
- For 1373, Brian Mag Uidhir, one fit to be king of Fir-Manach, was killed by the sons of Art Mag Uidhir.
- For 1379, Richard Mac Cathmail was killed by Philip Mag Uidhir, namely, the king of Fir-Manach and by Domnall Ua Neill.
- For 1394, Thomas Mag Uidhir junior (namely, king of Fir-Manach), that is, son of the Black Gillie Mag Uidhir, was born in this year.
- For 1395, Philip Mag Uidhir (namely, Philip of the battle- axe) died this year: to wit, king of Fir-Manach (for thirty-one years), ... The black Gillie Mag Uidhir, namely, Thomas, son of Philip Mag Uidhir, took the kingship of Fir-Manach this year.
- For 1419, Thomas Mag Uidhir, namely, king of Fir-Manach...
- For 1430, Mag Uidhir died this year (namely, on the Ides 13th of November); to wit, the king of Fir-Manach, that is; Thomas (namely, the Black Gillie), son of Philip, son of Aedh the Red:...
- For 1436, Thomas Mag Uidhir junior, that is, the king of FirManach...
- For 1472, Edmond Mag Uidhir was made king in Fir-Manach this year.
Located in northwestern Co. Leitrim, and part co. Sligo. The early genealogies cite the son of Dáire Sírchréchtach, that is Lugaid Cál "a quo Callraige".
The chiefs of Calraighe included O'Finn and O'Carroll (O Cearbhaill). See Calraige of Connacht for further information.
There were also prominent chiefs of Calraige in the west of County Westmeath and north Offaly named Mac Amhalghaidh (MacAwley).
The Annals cite for both Calraiges:
- For 787, Cathmugh, lord of Calraighe, died.
- For 1045, Amalgaidh mac Flaind, rí Callraighe.
- For 1052, Mac Airechtaigh, righ Callraighi.
- For 1056, Odhar mac Flaind, rí Callraighe.
- For 1081, Giolla Siadnata mac Amhalghadha, mic Flainn, tigherna Calraighe.
- For 1103 & 1107, Cionaodh, mac Mic Amhalghadha as lord of Calraighe.
- For 1105, Niall mac Mic Riabhaigh, tigherna Callraighe died.
- For 1144, Cionaedh, mac Mic Amhalgadha, toiseach Calraighe, was slain
by Flann Mac Amhalghadha.
- For 1208, Auliffe O'Rothlain, Chief of Calry of Coolcarney, was slain by O'Moran.
- For 1251, Flaithbertach h. Cerbaill as taisech of Calraige.
The Conmaicne of Magh Réin were said to have come to southern Co. Leitrim, from the Dunmore area of County Galway, in the first quarter of the 6th century. Three family groupings were noted - the Muintir Eolius, Muintir Cearballain and the Cenel Luachain. Of particular note was the powerful Muintir Anghaile (O'Farrell of Annaly, co. Longford) who are also claimed to descend from the Conmaicne Réin, their territory in co. Lomgford often included as part of Conmaicne Réin as well as part of Teathbha.
Also see the Conmaicne of Connact, and the Conmaicne Mide.
An early genealogy of the Conmaicne is given as:
Finer, son of Cúmscrach (aka Cumascrach) m. Cécht m. Eircc m. Erccdail m. Duib m. Ma Druaid m. Nertai m. Fhernertai m. Cécht m. h-Uisli m. Béirre m. Beidbi m. Luigdech m. Conmaic (a quo Conmaicne) m. Oirbsen Máir (a quo Loch n-Oirbsen).
Various septs of are given in the Book of Fenagh as:
Clann Calbrainn, a branch of Conmaicni Réin comprising Clann Martain, Clann Maelduilighe, Clann Bradain, Clann Arcain and Tellach Uanan.
Clann Faelgusa, a branch of Conmaicni Réin comprising Clann Corrdercain, Clann Gemáin, Clann Cathusaigh, Clann Dinnachain, Clann Birn, Clann Anairc, Ui Conbhuidhe, Ui Gellustain, Ui Riaglachain.
Clann Fermaighe, a branch of Conmaicni Réin comprising Clann Cellachain, Clann Maelsamhna, Clann Taebhachain, Clann Ubhan, Clann Lughann, and Clann Uanan, descendants of the first wife of Findellach, the son of Neidhe, and 5th fr. Cumscrach.
Clann Finoicci, or Sil Findellaig, a branch of Conmaicni Rein comprising Clann Telline, Clann Cronan, Clann Ainnsin, Clann Chirdubhain, Clann Finn, Clann Ciaracan, Clann Ibill, descendants of Finoicc, 2nd wife of Findellach, son of Neidhe, and 5th fr. Cumscrach.
Other septs included:
Cenél Luachain (Oughteragh parish, co. Leitrim), the race of Luachan, son of Onchu, and 4th from Cumscrach.
Cenél Cromáin and Clann Faelchon, septs of Conmaicni Réin.
Chiefs of Conmaicne Rein (Muintir Eolais) included Reynolds (Mac Raghnaill, Mac Rannall), with the O'Rourke (Uí Ruairc) dynasty cited as over-lords of this area. A Mulvey (Maoil Mhiadhaigh) sept was cited early as chiefs of Tellach Cearbhallan in Muintir Eolais.
The Annals also cite:
- The chiefs of Dartraige in the barony of Rosclogher, north co. Leitrim, included Mag Fhlannchaidh (Maglanchy, MacClancy). One seat of power for the family was said to be a castle built on Lough Melvin in co. Leitrim. One genealogy cites their descent from from Eochaidh, son of Aenghus, son of Lughaidh Cal, in which come the Calraige of Loch Gile and the Dartraighe.
- For 1065, Duarcán, mac Maoil Mhiadhaigh Uí Eolusa, toiseach Muintire Eolais.
- For 1085, Muiredhach mac Duibh, toisech Muintire Eolais.
- For 1087, Airt Uí Ruairc, tigherna Conmaicne & Breifne.
- For 1087, Muiredhach mac Duibh, toiseach Muinntire h-Eolais.
- For 1101, Donnchadh, mac Airt Uí Ruairc, tigherna Conmhaicne,
- For 1102, Domhnall, mac Tighernáin Ui Ruairc, tigherna Breifne, &
Conmaicne & Connacht.
- The annals cite for 1139, Ferghal, mac Raghnaill, mic Muiredhaigh,
taoiseach Muintire h-Eolais was slain by Tigernan h-Úa Ruairc.
- For 1150, Conchobhar Mac Raghnaill, tigherna Muintire h-Eolais.
- For 1167, Conn Ua Maoil Mhiadhaigh, toiseach Muintire h-Eolais.
- For 1169, Raghnall Ua Maoil Mhiadhaigh, toiseach Muintire Eolais.
- For 1171, Tigernan h-Ua Ruairc, ri Breifne & Conmaicne.
- For 1171, Aedh h-Ua Ruairc, rí Machaire Gaileng & ridomna h-Ua
Briuin & Conmaicne.
- For 1179, Raghnall, mac Mic Raghnaill, toiseach Maintiri h-Eolais.
- For 1179, Melaghlin O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, died.
- For 1196, Murray Mac Rannall, surnamed the Gillaroe, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by the son of Manus O'Conor, at the instigation of the son of Cathal O'Rourke
- For 1238, Donough, son of Murtough Mac Dermot, went into Breifny to O'Reilly,
and brought a great force with him into Connaught, and plundered the people
of Cluain-Coirpthi; and many of the chiefs of Muintir-Eolais were slain in
pursuit of the prey which had been taken in the country, as were also a great
number of inhabitants of the Tuathas.
- In 1256, Conchobar mac Tigernain Ua Ruairc (O'Rourke), king of Brefni & Conmaicne.
- For 1265, Gilla-na-naev O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, Cathal Mac Rannall, Chief
of Muintir-Eolais, and Murray O'Carroll, Chief of Calry, died.
- For 1257, Tomas Mag Samradan was slain by the Cenel Luachan.
- For 1275, Thomas Magauran was slain by the Kinel-Luachain.
- For 1277, A great depredation was committed by the people of Eachdhach upon
the Kinel-Luachain, in Gleann-da-duile, during which they slew Conor Mac
Dorcy, and a host of others.
- For 1284, Mac na hOidchi Mag Dorchaid (Mac Dorcy), Chief of Ceneoil Luachain, died.
- For 1288, Ranall Mac Ranall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain on this occasion
by one shot of an arrow.
- For 1306, Farrell Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais in the county of Leitrim ,
was slain by his brothers and a party of his own people.
- For 1313, Gilla Isu Mag Dorchaid taisech Ceneoil Luachain was slain by Conchobor Carrach mac Domnaill Meic Diarmata.
- For 1315, Mahon Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Cearbhallain,
and many of their people, were slain by Mulrony Mac Dermot,
Lord of Moylurg. Conor Roe, son of Hugh Breifneach, who fought on Mac
Dermot's side on that day, was also slain.
- For 1317, Randal Mac Rannall, Chief of Muntir-Eolais in the county of Leitrim,
was treacherously taken prisoner, and Geoffrey Mac Rannall was made Chief
in his place.
- For 1324, Rannall Oge Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir Eolais, was slain.
- For 1326/28, Ivor Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by the sons of Gilchreest
- For 1341, Domnall Mag Dorchaid chief of Ceneoil Luachain, died.
- For 1347, Teige Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was taken prisoner by the
- For 1353, Teige Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by the sons of Geoffrey Mac Rannall.
- For 1355, Dermot O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Carolan, and many of the Muintir-Eolais, were slain
by the Muintir-Birn. Cormac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by the sons of Ivor Mac
- For 1366, Murtough Mac Rannall, the son of Randal More Mac Rannall, who u-as
a materies of a chieftain without dispute, was treacherously slain by Melaghlin
Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais. Melaghlin himself died in two months
- For 1367, Dermot Mac Rannall, Lord of Muintir-Eolais.
- For 1383, Dermot Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, committed a depredation
- For 1378, Donnell Mac Brady, Chief of Cuil-Brighdin, and of Teallach Cearbhaill, a
general scholar; John O'Fialan, a good poet; and Duvcovla, the daughter of
Mac Rannall, and wife of O'Mulvey, died. Farrell O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Carolan, died.
- For 1384, Tomaltach Mag Orchaid, chief of Ceneoil Luachain, was slain. Mac Rannall, i.e. Mac Rannall Duv, Dermot, son of Melaghlin, the excellent chief of Muintir Eolais illustrious for hospitality and prowess, was treacherously
slain by the sons of Randall Mac Rannall in the doorway of the house of
Richard Mac Rannall.
- For 1387, William, the son of Dermot Mac Rannall, materies of a chief of Muintir-Eolais, was slain by Muintir Birn the O'Beirnes.
- For 1528, O'Mulvey, Chieftain of Teallach-Chearbhallain (Cathal, the son of
Donnell, son of Owny Boy), died.
Note: The Dartraige of county Leitrim are not to be confused with the Dartraige of co. Monaghan, i.e. the Dartraige Con-innsi.
The Annals cite:
- CS954, Aed son of Gairbíth, king of Cairbre Mór and Dartraige, was killed by his own people.
- U961, Ualgarc, king of Dartraige, was killed by his own people.
- U1007, Tréinfher ua Baígelláin, king of Dartraige, was killed by the Cenél Conaill on Loch Éirne.
- M1029, Aedh Ua Ruairc, lord of Dartraighe, died.
- LC1200, Faelan O'Donnchadha was slain by the Dartraighe.
- For 1239, Fergal mac Con Connacht h. Raigillig [O'Reilly] ri Dartraigi & Clainni Fermaigi.
- For 1274, Cathal Mag Flannchaid taisech Dartraigi died.
- For 1278, Gilla Crist Mag Flannchaid dux Dartraigi.
- For 1300, Uilliam Mag Flannchaid taisech Dartraide.
- For 1333, Mac na hOidchi Mag Flannchaid is mentioned.
- For 1337, Tadc Mag Flannchaid dux Dartraigi.
- LC1349, A victory was gained by Aedh O'Ruairc over Flaithbhertach O'Ruairc, and over Donnchadh O'Domhnaill, and over the Dartraighe; and Aedh Mac Flannchaidh, chieftain of Dartraighe, was slain there, and Gilla-na-naemh Mac Flannchaidh, and Lochlainn, the son of Andiles O'Baighill, et alii multi nobiles.
- For 1366, Cathal Mag Flannchaid taisech Dartraigi.
- LC1418, Tadhg, son of Cathal, son of Tadhg Mac Flannchaidh, chieftain of Dartraighe, died this year.
- LC1532, The son of Mac Flannchaidh, i.e. Toirdhelbhach, was slain by his own two brothers in the doorway of Mac Flannchaidh's residence; and Brian O'Ruairc destroyed much in Dartraighe through that.
- LC1536, Mac Flannchaidh, chieftain of Dartraighe, i.e. Feradach, the son of William, a great loss to humanity and hospitality, died.
Located in southeast Co. Monaghan. The O'Carrolls are cited as overlords of Oriel in this area. O'Lorcan (Larkin) are cited in the annals as early chiefs of Fernmhaighe (Farney). O'Kieran (Ó Ciaráin) is given as a chief of Fearnmuigh by the writer O'Dugan as a clan of Tir Eoghan. O'Creehan (O'Criochan) appear in the annals as chiefs. MacMahon (MacMathghamhna) were noted as chiefs here in the 13th century. The early genealogy of the Fernmaigi goes back to one of the three Collas, i.e. Colla Fochríth.
The Annals also cite:
- For 910, Maol Muire mac Flannaccáin, tighearna Fearnmhaighe.
- For 960, Dunchadh mac Laeghaire, tighearna Fernmhaighe.
- For 1022, Mathghamhain, mac Laidhgnéin, mic Cerbhaill, tigherna Fernmhaighe, do mharbhadh h-i c-Cluain Eoais lá Cathal ua Críocháin.
- For 1027, Cathalán ua Criocháin, tigherna Fernmhaighe.
- For 1029, Donnchadh ua Donnacáin, tigherna Fernmhaighe.
- For 1039, Mac Ruaidhri, tigherna Fernmaighe.
- For 1043, Flann Ua h-Ainfeth, tighearnaa Ua Meith, do mharbhadh lá h-Ua Cearbhaill, la tigherna Fearnmhaighe.
- For 1062, Ruaidhri, mac Con Cairge, tanaisi Fernmhaighe.
- For 1078, Mac Giolla Dhídhe Uí Lorcáin, tigherna Fernmhaighe, died.
- For 1079, Cú Midhe, mac Lorcáin, tigherna Fernmhaighe, died.
- For 1080, Donn Ua Lethlobhair, tigherna Fernmhaighe, was slain by the Uibh Laithen i Sléibh Fuaitt.
- For 1080, Eochaidh Ua Merlígh, tigherna Fernmhuíghe, was slain.
- For 1089, Aedha Uí Chríochain, tigherna Fernmhaighe.
- For 1097, Lochlainn Ua Duibh Dara, tigherna Fernmaighe, was slain by the Uibh Briuin Bréifne.
- For 1101, Cú Caisil Ua Cerbhaill, tigherna Fernmhaighe & Oirghiall.
- For 1119, Flaithbheartach Ua Laidhgnén, tigherna Fernmaighe.
- For 1123, Cu Caisil Ua Cearbhaill, tigherna Fernmhaighe.
- For 1125, Muirchertach Ua Cearbhaill, tigherna Descert Fernmaighe.
- For 1131, Cu Midhe Ua Criocháin, tigherna Fernmaighe.
- For 1147, Coin Uladh mac Duinn Shléibhi lá righ n-Uladh i Fernmaighe.
Earlier than the time of Cairbre, son of Niall, the lands bordering Lough Sheelin, near the borders of counties Cavan, Longford, Westmeath and Meath, were inhabited by the pre-Gaelic? Glasraige people. When Niall of the Nine Hostages, King of Tara 379-406, was seeking territories for his numerous sons, he planted one of them, Maine, at Ardagh, and another, Cairbre, at Granard, whom he made lord and leader over the earlier peoples who possessed that land. These people were the Glasraidhe who occupied northern Teathbha (an ancient name for the area about Co. Longford).
The descendants of Cairbre, called the 'Ui Cairbri,' became the ruling family group in the area. Later the ' Conmaicne ' people pushed the ' Ui Cairbri ' people into a small space in the North-east corner of their once extensive kingdom. A tenth century chieftain of the Conmaicne was name Anghaile, and his descendants became known as Ui Anghaile (Annally).
The last lord of the ' Ui Cairbri ' line, described as the ' grandson of Cronin,' was slain at Granard in 1161. In the late twelfth century the Lords of Cairbre saw their territory being steadily encroached upon and filched away by the O'Rourkes on the North and the O'Farrells on the South.
The Book of Ballymote mentions the Glasraighe in Luigne of Meath, in the midland region of Ireland. They held the land of Ui Becon, the Ui Fiachrach and the "Luighni". They were 'exterminated' at the battle of "Cloithrean" by Nathi, son of Fiachra, and ever since that time Síl Nathi held Tír mBecon and Tír Fiachrach in Meath.
The Book of Lecan places them in Magh Femin, while the Book of Lismore places them in Ciarraige Luchra, both apparently located in Munster.
The Book of Leinster places them in Cualngiu [Eitheandca], and an early genealogical reference sems to connect Glasraigi h-i Cuailnge to Clan Conaill Cernaich, in descent from clan Conaill Costamail.
Another early genealogy of the Glasraige attempts to connect them to Glas, of the race of Cairbre mac Neill (Ui Cairbri & Cairpre Gabra):
Cú Maige m. Ingordail m. Ernáine m. Áedgega m. Fintain m. Mc Reithe m. M. Daimle m. Dega m. Cairpri m. Néill.
Located in western Co. Cavan and northern Co. Meath. The Mugdorna occupied this territory prior to 800 AD, when they were pushed out of Meath and into Monaghan and replaced by the Gailenga. The Gailenga Mora left their name in the barony of Morgallion (Machaire Gailenga, "the plain of the Gailenga") in County Meath. The O'Lohan or O'Loughan (Ui Leochaín) sept were lords of the Gailenga Mor before being driven across the Shannon after the arrival of the Normans. The Ua hAonghusa (O'Hennessy) sept of Gailenga Becc was located on the Co. Dublin/Meath border. The Gaileanga have an early genealogy tradition back to Ailella Auluimm (Oilill Olum).
The Gailenga are also found in County Mayo/Sligo (see Connacht)
The annals cite for Gaileng:
- In 738, Coscraich m. Noindenaigh regis Gaileng. (Meath?)
- For 881, Dunagan, son of Tuathchar, lord of Gaileanga Collamhrach, was slain by the Gaileanga Mora.
- For 953, Ruadhacan mac Eitigen ri Airthir Gaileng.
- For 978/980, Conghalach mac Flainn[d], tigherna Gaileng.
- For 991, In Sindach h-ua Leochan, rí Gaileng, died.
- For 1002, Merlechan mac Cuind, rí Gaileng.
- for 1003, Madadhan, mac Aenghusa, toiseach Gaileng m-Becc, & Fer c-Cúl, was slain.
- For 1003, Dondgal mac Duind Cathaigh, rí Gailíng (Meath?).
- For 1005, Cathal, mac Dunchadha, tigherna Gaileng Mór.
- For 1012, Senán ua Leocan, tigherna Gaileng.
- For 1017, Maelan mac Eícnigh h-ú Leochan, rí Gaileng & Tuath Luighne.
- For 1032, Domnall m. Duinn Cothaid ri Gaileng (Meath?).
- For 1038, Laidhgnén h-Ua Leochan, rí Gaileng.
- For 1051, Laidcenn mac Maolain h-Uí Leocáin, tigherna Gaileng.
- For 1053, Congalach mac Senain, rí Gaileng.
- For 1065, Leocan mac Laidhgnen (Leochán mac maic Maelan), ri Gaileng.
- For 1066, Mac Senáin, tigherna Gaileng.
- For 1076, h-Amhlaoibh, mac mic Maoláin, ríg Gaileng.
- For 1091, Laidgnen .i. An Buidhenach h-Úa Duinn Cathaig, rí Gaileng.
- For 1130, Cochall Fliuch mac Maic Senain, rí Gaileng.
- For 1130, Amhlaimh m. m. Shenan ri Gaileng.
- For 1161, Gofraidh h-Úa Raigillaig, rí Muntire Mael Mordha & Muighe Gaileng.
- For 1171, Aedh h-Ua Ruairc, rí Machaire Gaileng.
Located in County Sligo. The chiefs of Luigne in Sligo included O'Hara (Ó hEaghra) and O'Gara (Ó Gadhra).
An early Luigni Connacht genealogy (in Rawlinson):
Diarmait m. Fínnachta m. Cobthaich m. Máel Dúin m. Cind Fáelad m. Taiccthich m. Cind Fáelad m. Diarmata m. Findbairr m. Brénaind m. Nad Fróech m.
h-Idin m. h-Idchuir m. Niad Chuirp m. Luí (a quo Luigni) m. Cornáin m. Taidgc m. Céin m. Ailella Auluimm.
The Annals also cite:
- For 785, The battle of Ath Rois was gained by the Ui Ailella over the
Luighni, in which Dubh Dathuath, son of Flaithghius, lord of the Three
Tribes, was slain.
- For 926, Eaghra mac Poprigh, a namesake for the Ó hEaghra, was tighearna (lord) of Luighne Connacht.
- For 928, Muirchertach mac Eaghra was tighearna of Luighne.
- For 964, Toichleach ua n-Gadhra was tighearna of Luighne Deisceirt.
- For 993, Conghalach, mac Laidhgnen, .i. ua Gadhra, tigherna Gaileng.
- For 1023, Domhnall Ua h-Eaghra was tigherna of Luighne Connacht.
- For 1059, Duarcán Ua h-Eaghra was tigherna of Teóra Sloinnte Luighne and
Ruaidrí h-Ua Gadhra was rígdomna of Luigne.
- For 1095, Taichleach Ua h-Eaghra was tigherna of Luighne.
- For 1155, Aodh Ua h-Eaghra was tigherna of Luighne.
- For 1157, Ruaidhri Ua h-Eaghra was tigherna of Luighne.
- For 1181 that Donn Sleibhe O Gadhra was ri (king) of Sleibe Lughu.
Located in western Co. Cavan and northern Co. Meath.
In the annals of the Four Masters about 728, Taichleach, son of Cenn
Faeladh, is cited as Lord of Luigne (Mide?).
The Annals also cite:
- For 283, the sons of Uirgreann of the Luaighni Teamhrach (Tara), fell at Ath Brea, upon the Boinn (Boyne).
- For 984, Diarmaid, mac Uathmharáin, tighearna Luighne (Meath?), died.
- For 993, Eícneach h-úa Leocháin, rí Tuath Luighne.
- For 1002/1012, Cernachán, mac Flaind, tigherna Luighne.
- For 1093, Dub Dara mac maic Aigenain, rí (king) of Luigne Midi (Meath).
Loctaed in northwest County Cavan. The name of an ancient tribe inhabiting the area about Magh Slecht, and attributed by some as Fir Bolg in origin. The sept of Mag Samhradhain (MacGovern or Magauran) were later cited as chiefs in the barony of Tullyhaw (Teallach Eachdhach). The Mac T]ighearnáin sept (MacTiernan or MacKeirnan) are noted in the neighboring barony of Tullyhunco (Tellach Donnchadha) in the 13th century.
The annals cite:
- Ancient citation - King Tighearnmas died, with the three fourths of the men of Ireland about him, at the meeting of Magh Slecht, in Breifne, at the worshipping of Crom Cruach, which was the chief idol of adoration in Ireland. This happened on the night of Samhain precisely.
- M464, Conall Gulban, son of Niall of the Nine Hostages (from whom are descended the Cinel Conaill), was slain by the old tribes of Magh Slecht, he having been found unprotected, and was buried at Fidhnach Maighe Rein, by Saint Caillin, as the Life of the aforesaid saint relates.
- M615, Ailill, son of Baedan; Maelduin, son of Fearghus, son of Baedan; and Diucolla, were slain in Magh Slecht, in the province of Connaught. They were of the race of Baedan, son of Muircheartach.
- C1231, Gilla Isa Mac Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, rested.
- C1258, Brian Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, was killed by the men of Connacht.
- C1272, Donnchad son of Gilla na Naem Mag Samradain was killed by Tomas mac Aeda Mag Samradain, his own brother.
- C1275, Tomas Mag Samradain was killed by the Cenel Luachain.
- C1298, Brian Bregach Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, the most generous and valorous man of his time, was killed by Aed Brefnech O Conchobair.
- C1303, Magnus Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, was killed.
- C1340, Brian Oc Mag Samradain was killed by the Tellach Dunchada.
- C1343, Tomas Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, rested.
- C1362, Niall Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw, rested.
- C1393, Fergal Mag Samradain, chieftain of Tullyhaw.
- M1459, The spoils of Magh Slecht were seized on by Maguire (Thomas Oge); and Ballymagauran was burned by him on this occasion.
- C1495, Mac Samradain, that is Feidlim, was drowned and Domnall Bernach was proclaimed Mac Samradain in succession to him.
Located in the County Sligo, the baronies of Tirerril and part of Corran. Named for Ailill, son of Eochuid Mugmedón, and brother of Niall of
the Nine Hostages, a quo Úi Ailella Connacht. The MacDonagh sept, branch of the great MacDermot clan, were later lords of Corran or Tirerrill.
The Mulrooney and later MacDermot septs, princes of Moylurg, were overlords in this territory.
The annals cite:
- For 1124, Maol Sechlainn mac Taidhg, mic Maol Ruanaidh, tigherna Maighe Luirg.
- For 1159, Diarmaid, mac Taidhg Ui Mhaoil Ruanaidh, tigherna Mhaighe Luircc.
- For 1159, Ghiolla Chriost, mac Taidhg Uí Mhaoil Ruanaidh, tigherna Muighe Luirg.
- For 1187, Muirghíus, mac Taidhg h-Ui Mhail Ruainigh, ri Mhuighe Luirg.
- For 1322, Maelruanaid mac Gilla Crist meic Conchobair meic Cormaic
meic Tomaltaig na Carci Meic Diarmata, ri Mugi Luirg (Moylurg), died.
- For 1322, Maelruanaid Mac Diarmata ri Moigi Luirc (Moylurg).
Muintir Maelmordha - aka Muintir Raigillig
Their chiefs were the Ua Raghallaigh (O'Reilly). By the 13th century the Ua Raghallaigh had established indepedence from O'Ruairc over-lordship and their country became known as Breffny O'Reilly. This was located in modern county Cavan (except for Tealach Dhunchadha and Tealach Eachdhach, i.e. the baronies of Tullyhunco and Tullyhaw).
An early Ua Ragallaigh genealogy:
Sean m. Eogain m. tSheaain m. Pilip m. Gilla Isa ruaid m. Domnaill m. Cathail m. Annaid m. Cathail m. Gofraid m. Meic na hAighchi m. Concondacht m. Airgiallaigh m. Airten m. Ragallaigh m. Cathallain m. Duib Croin m. Mailmorda m. Cernachain m. Duib Dotra m. Dunchada m. Baithin m. Blathmaic m. Feidlimid m. Cremthenn m. Scannlain m. Aeda find m. Fergna m. Fergusa m. Muiredaig mail m. Eogain Sreib m. Duach galaig m. Briain m. Echach M.
The annals cite:
- M1154, ...Muircheartach Ua Lochlainn afterwards directed his course across the ford of Innsin-Sruthra into Breifne, and compelled the men of Breifne to submit to Tighearnan Ua Ruairc; and Ua Lochlainn banished Godfrey Ua Raghallaigh into Connaught.
- M1157, Domhnall Ua Raghallaigh was slain by the Gaileanga.
- M1161, Godfrey Ua Raghallaigh was killed at Ceanannus, by Maelseachlainn Ua Ruairc. His son, Gilla-Isa Ua Raghallaigh, also fell by the same Maelseachlainn, on the following day.
- M1161, A house was forcibly taken by Cathal Ua Raghallaigh, i.e. the son of Godfrey, against Maelseachlainn Ua Ruairc, in the middle of Slaine; ...
- M1162, Cathal Ua Raghallaigh, lord of Muintir-Maelmordha, head of the hospitality and prowess of the Ui-Briuin, was drowned.
- M1162, Maelseachlainn, son of Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, royal heir of Breifne, lamp of the chivalry and hospitality of Leath-Chuinn, was
slain by Muintir-Maelmordha and the son of Annadh Ua Ruairc.
- U1243, Tadhg O'Conchobair was blinded and emasculated by Cu-Connacht O'Raghallaigh by (direction of Foreigners and Gaidhil).
- C1256, Aed O Conchobair remained that night at the place of battle, and next day the heads of the Muintir Raigillig were cut off and he brought
them to Fedlimid at Dun Ailli west of Slieve Bawn.
- M1256, A party of the O'Reilly family were slain by Hugh, the son of Felim O'Conor, namely, Cathal O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir-Maelmora, and of all the
race of Hugh Finn; his two sons, namely, Donnell Roe and Niall; his brother, Cuconnaught; the three sons of Cathal Duff O'Reilly, namely, Godfrey, Farrell, and Donnell; Annadh, son of Donnell O'Reilly, who was slain by Conor Mac Tiernan; Niall, i.e. the Caech Monoculus O'Reilly; Tiernan Mac Brady;
Gilla-Michael Mac Taichligh; Donough O'Biobhsaigh; Manus, son of Mac Gilduff; and upwards of sixty others of the chiefs of their people were slain
along with them. This engagement is called the Battle of Moy Slecht, and was fought on the margin of Athderg, at Alt-na-heillte, over Bealach-na-beithe.
- U1257, Conchobar, son of Tigernan (O Ruairc), was killed by the Muinnter-Raghallaigh.
- M1257, Con, son of Cathal O'Reilly, Chief of Muintir-Maelmora, died.
- M1282, Mathew O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir Maelmora, and Gilla-Isa Mac Tiernan usually called Gilla-Isa More, Chief of Teallach-Dunchadha, died.
- M1293, Farrell O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir-Maelmora, died.
- M1328, Melaghlin O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir-Maelmora, was wounded by the English of meath, who afterwards took him prisoner, and received hostages for his ranson. He afterwards died of his wounds in his own house.
- M1330, Gilla-Isa Roe O'Reilly, Lord of Muintir-Maelmora, and of the entire territory of Breifny for a long time previously, died at an advanced age, victorious over the world and the devil. He was interred in the Abbey of the Friars Minor in Cavan, of which he himself was the original founder.
- M1374, Melaghlin, the son of Dermot O'Farrell, went from Annaly to Muintir-Maelmora, to wage war with the English. A fierce and sharp conflict afterwards took place between them the Irish and the English, in which he O'Farrell and many others were slain.
- U1384, Philip Ua Raghallaigh (namely, son of Gilla-Isu Ua Raighillaigh the Red, king of Breifni) died.
- U1390, Great war this year between Tigernan Ruairc, namely, king of Breifni and Thomas, son of Mathgamain Ua Raighillaigh, namely, king of
- M1400, Manus, the son of Cuconnaught O'Reilly, heir apparent to the lordship of Muintir-Maelmora, died.
- M1403, Maelmora, the son of Cuconnaught, son of Gilla-Isa Roe O'Reilly, became Lord of the Muintir-Reilly.
- M1427, An army was led by the Earl of Ormond into the territory of Muintir-Maelmora. O'Reilly's town was burned by him, and the castle demolished.
- M1449, Owen, the son of John, Lord of the district called Muintir-Maelmora, died; and his son, John O'Reilly, was elected in his place by O'Neill and the sept of John O'Reilly; but Farrell O'Reilly (i.e. the son of Thomas More) being elected by the sept of Mahon O'Reilly and by the English, war and disturbances arose between them the candidates. The Lord Justice and the Earl of Ormond came to assist Farrell O'Reilly; but John O'Reilly and his forces suddenly charged the van of their army, and slew or made prisoners of sixty of them, among whom were the son of Turlough and the son of Donnell Bane O'Reilly.
The name became anglicized as the territory of Annaly in county Longford. Ua Fearghaile (O'Farrell) were long-time chiefs of Annaly. Their ancestry is claimed from the Conmaicne.
The annals cite:
- M1141, Gilla-na-naemh Ua Fearghaile, chief of Muintir-Anghaile, the most prosperous man in Ireland, died at an advanced age, and was interred in Inis-Clothrann.
- M1143, Murchadh, son of Gilla-na-naemh Ua Fearghail, lord of Muintir-Anghaile.
- M1170, Domhnall, son of Murchadh Ua Fearghail, chief of Muintir-Anghaile.
- M1182, Amhlaibh (Auliffe) O'Farrell assumed the lordship of Annaly, and Aedh (Hugh) was expelled.
- LC1196, Aedh O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was slain by the sons of Sitric O'Cuinn.
- LC1207, Amhlaibh O'Ferghail, king-chieftain of Muinter-Anghaile, died.
- LC1212, Imhar O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, rested.
- LC1218, Tadhg O'Ferghail, dux of Muinter-Anghaile, was killed by Murchadh Carrach O'Ferghail.
- C1232, Aed son of Amlaib son of Domnall son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem son of Brian son of Senlaech son of Eochaid son of Fergal, from whom the name O Fergal is derived, was burned on the island of Loch Cuile, after holding for nine years the chieftainship of Annaly in succession to Murchad Carrach (the Scabby) O Fergail, by the sons of Aed Ciabach (Long-haired) son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail.
- C1262, The Meath Galls made a great raid on Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly. His own eraght deserted and sought refuge with the Galls, deposed him and installed the son of Murchad Carrach O Fergail in opposition to him.
- C1274.9, Gilla na Naem son of Aed son of Amlaib O Fergail, the most excellent chieftain of his day in all Ireland, died after a triumph of repentance, having been for thirty years ruler of Clann Conmaig meic Fergusa, defending Annaly against Galls and Gaels at large. Cathal son of Gilla na Naem succeeded him as chieftain and ruled for ten years.
- C1318, Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died after completing thirty-six years of his reign.
- U1319, Murchadh O'Ferghail, chief of the Anghaile, was killed by John O'Ferghail, [namely] by the son of his brother. Muircertach O'Ferghail was
killed by his own brother likewise on the same day.
- C1322, Morchad son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly for the space of three years, was treacherously killed at Cluain Lis Beci by his own brother's son, Seoinin O Fergail. Gilla na Naem son of Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem [O Fergail] assumed the chieftaincy of Annaly this year.
- C1347, Gilla na Naem son of Sefraid son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died in Cluain Lis Beci, having spent twenty six years in the sovranty of Annaly, after conquering the world and the Devil; and Cathal son of Murchad son of Gilla na Naem O Fergail succeeded to the chieftainship.
- C1348, Cathal O Fergail, chieftain for half a year of Annaly, died.
- U1352/LC1355, Domhnall, son of John O'Ferghail, chieftain of Mainister-Anghaile (Annaly), died, and was buried in Lethrath.
- LC1362, Diarmaid, son of John O'Ferghail, chieftain of Muinter-Anghaile, died.
- M1386, Carbry, son of Brian, son of Murrough O'Farrell, Lord of Caladh na h-Anghaile, a bountiful, generous, brave, and protecting man, died.
- C1398, Tomas son of Cathal son of Murchad O Fergail was killed by the Meath Galls at Killeen. This Tomas attained the lordship of Annaly in opposition to Seoan son of Brian son of Murchad, although it is not right to oppose a good senior kinsman.
- C1399, Seoan son of Brian son of Murchad O Fergail, chieftain of Annaly, died and Domnall son of Sean O Fergail succeeded.
- U1435, Ua Ferghail died this year: namely, Domnall Ua Ferghail, that is, chief of the Anghaile.
- U1445, The chief of the Anghaile (Ua Fergail) died this year: namely, William Ua Fergail.
- C1467, Domnall Buide O Fergail, chieftain in full of Annaly, died. Laisech son of Rosa son of Conchobar son of Cathal O Fergail died. Iriel O Fergail succeeded Domnall and Seaan succeeded Iriel.
- C1474, The chieftainship of Annaly was assumed by Seoan O Fergail in opposition to his own brother, who was blind. He died the next year.
- C1478, Peace was made in Annaly, which was divided into two [lordships.]
- M1486, Gilla-na-naev, the son of Donnell, son of Murtough Midheach, Lord of Cala-na-h-Anghaile, died at an advanced age.
- M1490, Edmond Duv, son of Ross, Lord of Cala-na-h-Anghaile, died; and Felim, son of Gilla-na-naev, who was son of Donnell, took his place.
Located in County Longford. O Cuinn (O'Quin) were lords of Muintir Giollagain, described at an early date as a principal tribe in Teathba. Their lineage is described in the Topographical Poems of O Dubhagain and O Huidhrin of the race of Rudhraigh, that is, of the same stock as Mag Raghnaill of Muinter Eolais, Muinter Fearghail, Mac Maoiliosa of Magh-Breacraighe, and Mag Finnbhairr of Muinter-Geradhain. McLysaght gives them as the same stock as the O'Farrells. This appears to tie their ancestry to that of the Conmaicne (of clan Rudhraigh) near the border of modern counties Leitrim and Longford.
Their power was greatly reduced by the rise of the Muintir Anghaile, a tribe of the Conmaicne Rein later represented by their ruling sept, the O'Farrells.
The annals cite:
- M1145, Aedh, son of Tadhg Ua Cuinn, chief of Muintir-Gilgain, fell by a party of the Muintir-Gilgain and the men of Teathbha.
- M1234, Dermot O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, was slain.
- M1255, Dermot O'Quin, Auliffe, his son, together with the chiefs of Muintir Gillagan, were slain at Faradhan Moighe Treagha, by Gilla-na-naev O'Farrell, who afterwards pillaged their territory.
- M1261, John de Verdun marked out the site of a castle at Moydow in Muinter Gilligain this year.
- M1265, Gilla-na-naem O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, Cathal Mac Rannall, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, and Murray O'Carroll, Chief of Calry, died.
- M1341, Cuconnaught O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, died.
- M1355, Cathal O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, and five others, were slain by the Clann-Shane and the Clann-Hugh.
- M1362, Carbry O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, died.
- M1381, Owen O'Quin, Chief of Muintir-Gillagan, died.
O'Dugan cites Mac Tighernain (McTiernan, McKiernan) as chiefs of Teallach Dunchadha, now the barony of Tullyhunco in co. Cavan. Their genealogy is said to derive from the line of the Ui Briuin, an early genealogy cited as:
Gilla Isa m. Briain m. Matha m. Gilla Isa m. Sitriuca m. Duarccain m. Tigernain m. Imair m. Gillacrist m. Amlaib m. Tigernain m. Maenaig m. Gillananaem m. Ruaidri m. Aengusa m. Taidcc m. Gofraid m. Conchobair m. Gormgail m. Dunchada (o fuil Tellach Dunchada) m. Maenaig m. Baithin m. Brenaind m. Fergna m. Fergusa m. Muiredaig Mail m. Eogain sreib m. Duach T. m. Briain
The annals cite:
- M1258, Magrath Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach-Dunchadha, was slain by Donnell, son of Conor O'Rourke.
- U1258, Mac Craith Mag Tigernain, chief of Tellach Dunchadha, was killed by Domnall Mac Tigernain.
- U1260, Domnall, son of Concobur, son of Tigernan [Ua Conchobair], was killed by the Tellach-Dunchadha.
- U1279/M1282, Gilla-Isa Mac Tiernan usually called Gilla-Isa More, Chief of Teallach-Dunchadha, died.
- U1290/M1294, Duarcan Mac-Tiernan, Lord, or Chieftain, of Teallach Dunchadha, died.
- U1290, Carrach-in-cairn Mag Tigernain, chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, rested in Christ.
- U1314, U1314.6 Conchobur Mag Tighernain the Tawny, chief of Tellach-Dunchadha, was slain in the defeat of Cell-mor.
- M1317, Conor Boy Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha, was slain...
- M1340, Brian Oge Magauran was slain by the people of Teallach Dunchadha.
- U1358/LC1361, Thomas Mac Tighernain, chieftain of Tellach-Dunchadha, died.
- LC1365, Brian, son of Matthew (Matha) Mac Tighernain, chieftain of Tellach-Dunchadha, the most famous man of the Breifnians, died.
- M1367, Farrell Mac Tiernan, Lord of Teallach Dunchadha.
- M1383, Farrell, the son of Thomas Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha (Tullyhunco), died.
- M1412, Cuconnaught Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha, was killed by the people of Fermanagh.
- M1424, Gilla-Isa, the son of Brian Mac Tiernan, Chief of Teallach Dunchadha, died.
- M1512, Mac Tiernan of Teallach-Dunchadha (William) died.
- LC1523, Mac Tighernain, i.e. Ferghal, son of Gilla-Isa Og, son of Gilla-Isa, son of Brian, dux of Tellach-Dunchadha, a charitable, humane man, died in his own town; and his brother assumed his place after him.
O'Dugan cites Mag Samhradhain (Magauran) over Teallach Eachdhach, now the barony of Tullyhaw in co. Cavan. Their genealogy is said to derive from Ui Briuin lineage, an early genealogy cited as:
Tomas oc m. Fergail m. Tomais m. Briain bregaigh m. Donnchada mc. Gillananaem m. Gilla Isa mc. Gillananaem m. Muiredaig mc. Samradain (.i. Domnall) m. Conchobair mc. Fergaile m. Floind mc. Aengusa m. Conchobair mc. Taidcc m. Ruairc mc. Imair m. Coscraid mc. Dungail m. Oirechtaig mc. Eachach (a quo Teallach Eachach) m. Maenaigh mc. Baithin m. Brenaind m. Fergnaa m. Fergusa mc. Muiredaig mail m. Eogain Sreib mc. Duach galaig m. Briain.
The annals cite:
- M1231, Gilla-Isa Magauran, Lord of Tealach Eachdhach, died.
- M1258, O'Brian Magauran, Chief of Tealach Eachdhach, was slain by the Connacians.
- M1303, Manus Magauran, Chief of Teallach Eachdhach (Tullyhaw), in the county of Cavan, died.
- M1343, Thomas Magauran, chief of Teallach Eachdhach Tullyhaw, died.
- LC1362, Niall Mac Samhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach, rested.
- LC1393, Ferghal Mac Samhradhain, dux of Tellach-Echach, (and a man who was equally praised by the poets and satirists of Erinn), died between Easter and May-day.
- U1427, Brian, son of Fergail Mag Samradhain, namely, son of the chief of Tellach-Eathach, eminent in charity and good hospitality, died
this year with victory of penance.
- U1458, Mag Samradhain, namely, Thomas, son of Fergal Mag Samradhain, died this year after spending his whole life- time in great goodness.
- LC1460, Mac Samhradhain died, i.e. Eoghan.
- U1495, Mag Samradhain, namely, Feidhlimidh, son of Thomas, son of Ferghal, son of Thomas, son of Brian the Bregian, namely, chief of Tellach-Eathach, was drowned in the lake of the crannog of Caill-an-muilinn, the feast day of Berach, Sunday, this year and his other brother, namely, Domnall Gapped tooth, was made Mag Samradhain.
- LC1496, Mac Samhradhain, i.e. Domhnall Bernach, son of Thomas, son of Ferghal, was killed in treachery.
Located on the west side of Lough Gowna in Co. Longford, possibly extending into south Leitrim. Mag Fhionnbhairr (e.g. Mac Ginver, Gaynor, or Finnevar) were noted chiefs.
The annals cite:
- M1080, Numbers of the men of Teathbha, of Muintir-Gearadhain, and of the Cairbre-men, came upon a plundering excursion into Ui-Failghe... they slew Aedh, grandson of Dubhghall Mac Fhinnbhairr, chief of Muintir-Geradhain.
- CS1124, A raiding army was brought by Tairdelbach ua Conchobuir into Magh Cairbre and he plundered the Conmaicne, ... and a number of them were killed including the chief of Muintir Geradáin.
- M1156, Domhnall Mac Finnbhairr, chief of Muintir-Gearadhain, died at the battle of Cuasan.
- M1263, Aindiles Mag-Fhionnbharr (Maginver), Chief of Muintir-Gearadhain, died.
Centered in Oughteragh parish, barony of Carrigallen, southern co. Leitrim, a territory and tribe name later represented by Mag Dorchaidh (Mac Dorcy, Darcy). According to the Book of Fenagh, the name derives from a branch of Conmaicni Réin, i.e. the race of Luachan, son of Onchu, and 4th in descent from Cumscrach. The same source cites Uí Dubáin as a sept of Cenél Luachain of Conmaicne Réin. Septs of Cenél Luachain were also noted in co. Longford.
The annals cite:
- C1275, Tomas Mag Samradain was killed by the Cenel Luachain.
- C1277, The Tellach Echach made a great raid on the Cenel Luachain in Glenn da Duile, killing Conchobar Mag Dorchaid and many others.
- U1281/C1284, Mag na h-Aidhche Mac Dorchaidh, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, died this year.
- C1313, Gilla Isa Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, was killed by Conchobar Carrach son of Domnall Mac Diarmata.
- C1341, Domnall Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, died.
- C1384, Tomaltach Mag Dorchaid, chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, was killed with his own dagger while shoeing a horse.
- C1403, Tomaltach Oc son of Tomaltach Mag Dorchaid, last chieftain of the Cenel Luachain, was killed.
Clann Fermaighe - (Glenfarne)
Located in northern County Leitrim, south of Dartry, in the present barony of Dromahaire (e.g. Ballinaglera parish). The sept of MacCogadhain or Mac Acadhain (Mac Cogan) were noted as early chiefs in this area.
According to the Book of Fenagh, they were a branch of Conmaicni Réin comprising C. Cellachain, C. Maelsamhna, C. Taebhachain, C. Ubhan, C. Lughann, and C. Uanan. They claim descendancy from the first wife of Findellach, the son of Neidhe, and 5th in descent from Cumscrach.
The annals cite:
- M1217, Gillapatrick Mac Acadhain, Chief of Clann-Fearmaighe, died.
- M1228, Niall, the son of Congalagh O'Rourke, Lord of Dartry and Clann Fearmaighe, was slain by the two sons of Art, the son of Donnell O'Rourke...
- M1239, Farrell, the son of Cuconnaught O'Reilly, Lord of Dartry and Clann-Fermaighe, and, according to another book, Lord of Breifny, from the mountain eastwards, was slain by Mulrony, son of Farrell, and Conor, son of Cormac Mac Dermot, after he had gone on a predatory excursion to the son of Niall, the son of Congallagh O'Rourke.
- M1241, Teige O'Conor plundered Dartry and Clann-Fearmaighe in the county of Leitrim.
- M1243, Cathal son of Aed O Conchobair, foster-child of the Muinter Raigillig,... made a raid on Clann Fermaige and Dartry.
- C1271, Conchobar son of Tigernan O Conchobair was killed by Maelsechlainn son of Art O Ruairc and the Clann Fermaige.
- C1274, Maelsechlainn son of Amlaib son of Art O Ruairc, king of Dartry and Clann Fermaige, was killed by Conchobar son of Domnall son of Tigernan O Ruairc at Killarga. He [Conchobar] was made king afterwards.
Muintir Chionaoith - aka Muintir Kenny
The territory of MacConsnamha (i.e.Mac Kinnawe, Ford), lying between Lough Allen and the river Arigna in the barony of Dromahaire, co. County Leitrim (source: O'Donovan). Their ancestry may derive from Muintir Maelmordha, as noted in An Leabhar Donn.
The annals cite:
- C1252, Cu Chonnacht Mac Consnama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, died.
- M1259, Cathal Mac Consnamha, Chief of Muintir-Kenny in the county of Leitrim was blinded by Hugh O'Conor.
- C1294, Donnchad Mac Con Snama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, died.
- M1303, A great depreciation was committed by the Clann-Murtough O'Conor in Muintir-Kenny, on which occasion Murtough. Mac Consnava, Chief of Muintir-Kenny, was slain.
- C1333, Aed Mac Con Snama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, rested.
- C1334, Donnchad Mac Con Snama, chieftain of Munter Kenny, died.
- LC1363, Tadhg Mac Consnamha, chieftain of Muinter-Cinaith, was wounded and taken prisoner by Cathal, son of Aedh O'Conchobhair; and he died in this confinement.
- C1436, Ruaidri Mac Con Snama, chieftain of the Muinter Cinaith, died.
- LC1530, The best wooden house in all Erinn, which Mac Consnamha had on Loch-Ailinne, was burned by O'Domhnaill; and all the Breifne from the mountain westward was destroyed by him.
- C1537, The chieftain of Munter Kenny, Tadc son of Aed son of Aed Mac Consnama, a modest famous humane hospitable man, died this year.
Muintir Cearbhallain - aka Tellach Cerbhalláin
Located in southwest County Leitrim in the area of Magh Nise (Moynish). i.e about the baronies of Mohill and Leitrim. The O Maoilmiadhaigh (O'Mulvey) sept is noted as chiefs here, and over Muintir Eolais for a time.
The annals cite:
- M1179, Melaghlin O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Eolais, died.
- M1315, O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Cearbhallain, and many of their people, were slain by Mulrony Mac Dermot, Lord of Moylurg.
- LC1355, Diarmaid O'Maelmiadhaigh, chieftain of Muinter-Cerbhallain, was killed by Muinter-Birn, and a great number of the Muinter-Eolais along with him.
- M1378, Farrell O'Mulvey, Chief of Muintir-Carolan, died.
- LC1528.11, O'Maelmhiadhaigh, i.e. Cathal, son of Domhnall, son of Uaithne Buidhe, chief of Tellach-Cerbhallain, , died.
In O'Dugans Topographical Poem he describes Mac Maoiliosa (possibly Mallison, or Mellowes) of Magh Breacraighe in the Breifne portion of his poem. Edmund Hogan described this as a district in northwest county Westmeath (& SE co. Longford), named for an early tribe of the area. O'Hart described it as a district near the borders of Co. Longford and Leitrim. There are various locales given for the name, including the Magh Bregmaine territory about the barony of Shrule in southern co. Longford.
The annals cite for the general term Breacraighe, et al:
- U752, Destruction of the Brecraige by the Cenél Cairpri, in Tulach Finnin.
- M941, Flann Ua Fogarta, lord of Breacraighe, and lord of Teathbha, died.
- M1410, The castle of Magh Breacraighe was taken by the English of Meath and the Justiciary from O'Farrell.
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