MRS. LINCOLN, WIFE OF THE PRESIDENT
and our namesake. Mary Anne Todd Lincoln
was born December 13, 1818, Lexington, Kentucky to Robert Smith & Eliza
Ann Parker Todd. Robert Todd was a merchant, lawyer, officer in the War
of 1812, member of the Kentucky legislature. He was born on February 25,
1791 in Lexington, Kentucky and died July 16, 1849 of Cholera, which
some say he died in Springfield due to his illness I know not where.
Eliza Ann Parker Todd, Mary's mother, was born 1794 or 1795. She was
married to Robert Todd on November 26, 1812 and she died July 6, 1825 in
Lexington, Kentucky. Mary had a Step mother who was Elizabeth Humphreys
who married her father on November
Mary was the fourth born of seven children, 3 brothers, 3 sisters,
Elizabeth Todd Edwards, Frances Todd Wallace, Levi O. Todd who died in
the war, Robert P. Todd, Ann Todd Smith, and George Rogers Clark Todd.
Mary also had four half brothers, five half sisters.
Mary's brother Georg R. C. Todd, and her half-brothers Alexander Todd,
David Todd, and Samuel Todd all fought in the Confederate Army during
the Civil War. Alexander Todd was killed at Baton Rouge, Samuel Todd was
killed in the Battle of Shiloh, David Todd was wounded at Vicksburg. Her
half-sister Emilie Helm's husband was a Confederate general killed at
Chickamauga. The husbands' of her half-sisters, Martha White and Elodie
Dawson were ardent supporters of the Confederacy.
views Mary was Presbyterian and was also adherent of spiritualism,
believing the living could be in contact with the dead.
Mary was 23 years of age when she met and married Abraham Lincoln. They
were married November 4th, 1842 in the front parlor of the home of Mary
Todd's sister Elizabeth and her husband Ninian Edwards. In 1844, they
purchased their first and only home at Eight and Jackson Streets in
Mary and Abe had four sons, Robert Todd Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln,
William "Willie" Wallace Lincoln, and Thomas "Tad" Lincoln. Only Thomas
and Robert Lincoln lived to adulthood and only Robert to old age.
her husband in all of his endeavors. First Abe was a Circuit Lawyer and
gone from home much. Mary stayed home and took care of their children.
During her White House
years, Mary faced many a personal difficulties generated by political
divisions within the nation and her family. Her family was from a border
state where slavery was permitted. In Kentucky, Mary's siblings fought
and some died during the Civil War.
Some historians and psychologists speculate today that Mary suffered
bipolar disorder due to having so many head aches, public outburst
throughout Lincoln's presidency, as well as excessive spending. When the
Civil War came to an end Mrs. Lincoln expected to continue as the First
Lady of the nation at peace, however, on April 14, 1865, Mary attended
with her husband to watch the comic Play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's
Theatre, where President Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth.
Mary had it rough from then on. Even had her own son have her declared
incompetent to attend to her own affairs and had her committed. Later
she was released in the custody of her sister Elizabeth Edwards, in
Springfield, and in 1876 was declared competent to manage her own
affairs. The committal proceedings led to a profound estrangement
between Robert and his mother, and they never fully got over it.
Mrs. Lincoln spent the next four years traveling throughout Europe and
taking up residence in Pau, France, However, her final years were marked
due to ill health. She suffered from severe cataracts that affected her
eyesight. During the 1880's before her death, she was confined to
Springfield, Illinois residence of her sister Elizabeth Edwards. Mary
Todd Lincoln Died July 16, 1882 age 63 years and was interred within the
Lincoln Tomb at Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Illinois along side her
You can find
much more online about Mary Todd Lincoln Just tried to get the
highlights of her life here.
Here is a site
dedicated in Honoring our once First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln,
information gandered from
photos of Mary Todd Lincoln on this web site
from Library of Congress.