Find Hano Village on the first mesa in the three mesas
area, near highway 264 between Schomov and Polacca.
The three mesas area is within the Hopi Reservation, however,
Hano is a settlement of the Tewa tribe.
Photos and drawings taken from 1933 are provided by Gutenburg
Histories, University of Arizona.
The Arizona Tewa, descendants of those who fled the Second Pueblo
Revolt of 1680-1692 against the Spanish, live on the Hopi
Tewa, Tano, Towa, Keres each speak one of five Kiowa-Tanoan
languages of the Pueblo people of New Mexico.
Though these five languages are closely related, speakers of one
cannot fully understand speakers of another.
The Tewa pueblos developed their own spelling system to teach
their children a verbal/written language.
HISTORY: As related by the elders of Tewa in 1933.
To summarize, all peoples came to earth in bags.
Each was assigned a language after which they scattered into unique
Tewa saw a bright star and placed a spear in the ground pointing to
They followed that star until it dissapeared from site, and there
they would live until the star came again.
Then they would again place a spear in the ground pointing to the
star, which they would again follow until it passed from sight.
This practice continued for a long time until the star never came
again. They built a settlement at the bottom of a mesa and lived there
until driven out by the Spanish in the 17th century.
To protect themselves from the Spanish they moved their pueblo to the
top of Mesa number one.
The Tewa list only one enemy, the Navajo, although they probably
suffered predations from nomadic Apaches.
The Navajo would raid the Tewa farming settlements and steal
their food and capture their women and children.
Finally the Tewa started killing the Navajo and after a time of war,
the Navajos left the Tewas in peace.
For a more detailed history of this tribe and their cultures, please
refer to the Gutenburg Project by the University of Arizona.
In 1933 they interviewed the Tewa elders and transcribed their
stories, and provided copyright free photos of pueblos 76 years
Today the Tewas raise livestock and farm where they can, but a major
source of tribal income is tourism.