Hano, a Tewa Tribe on Mesa#1 

Welcome To Village Hano

Sources:Gutenburg Project 1933, University of Arizona

Tewa Ceremony

Drawing

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Find Hano Village on the first mesa in the three mesas area, near highway 264 between Schomov and Polacca.

The three mesas area is within the Hopi Reservation, however,  Hano is a settlement of the Tewa tribe.

Photos and drawings taken from 1933 are provided by Gutenburg Histories, University of Arizona.

The Arizona Tewa, descendants of those who fled the Second Pueblo Revolt of 1680-1692 against the Spanish, live on the Hopi Reservation.

Tewa, Tano, Towa, Keres each speak one of five Kiowa-Tanoan languages of the Pueblo people of New Mexico.

Though these five languages are closely related, speakers of one cannot fully understand speakers of another.

The Tewa pueblos developed their own spelling system to teach their children a verbal/written language.

HISTORY: As related by the elders of Tewa in 1933.

To summarize, all peoples came to earth in bags.

Each was assigned a language after which they scattered into unique nomadic lifestyles

Tewa saw a bright star and placed a spear in the ground pointing to the star.

They followed that star until it dissapeared from site, and there they would live until the star came again.

Then they would again place a spear in the ground pointing to the star, which they would again follow until it passed from sight.

This practice continued for a long time until the star never came again. They built a settlement at the bottom of a mesa and lived there until driven out by the Spanish in the 17th century.

To protect themselves from the Spanish they moved their pueblo to the top of Mesa number one.

ENEMIES:

The Tewa list only one enemy, the Navajo, although they probably suffered predations from nomadic Apaches.

The Navajo would raid the Tewa farming settlements and steal their food and capture their women and children.

Finally the Tewa started killing the Navajo and after a time of war, the Navajos left the Tewas in peace.

MORE:

For a more detailed history of this tribe and their cultures, please refer to the Gutenburg Project by the University of Arizona.

In 1933 they interviewed the Tewa elders and transcribed their stories, and provided copyright free photos of pueblos 76 years ago.

Today the Tewas raise livestock and farm where they can, but a major source of tribal income is tourism.

University of Arizona.

Gutenburg Project, Tewa

 

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