HISTORY OF ARIZONA 1860 TO 1920

1860:

The Territorial Capitol of Arizona established  Prescott, Yavapai County.

Mohave County founded , county seat Kingman.

Pima County founded, county seat Tucson.
 
Yuma County founded, county seat Yuma.

Yavapai County founded, county seat Prescott.

1865:

Fort McDowell established in the Salt River Valley, Maricopa County.

Settlers of the Verde River and West Clear Creek in Yavapai County requested military protection against the Apache and Yavapai Indian raids.

Volunteers set up a tent camp on West Clear Creek area in Yavapai County to protect local settlers against Indian attacks.

1867:

Camp Lincoln established by the military in the West Clear Creek area in Yavapai County to protect settlers.

Arizona Territorial Legislative Assembly split Mohave County to create Pah-Ute County.

1866:

Richard Cunningham McCormick appointed acting governor.

Camp Goodwin established in Graham County.

Florence town established, seat of Pinal County. 

U.S. army troops relieved the Arizona military volunteers in the West Clear Creek area.

 

Thomas Jeffords rode into the Apache camp to speak with Chief Cochise. Cochise stopped fighting.

Swilling's Mill Village founded in Maricopa County.

Tucson, Pima County seat, became Arizona Territorial capital.

Little River County founded, county seat Ashdown.
 

1868: Camp Lincoln renamed Camp Verde.

Swilling's Mill renamed Phoenix in Maricopa County.

Sharp County founded , county seat Ash Flat.

James Carter named governor (1868-April 1869). 

1869:

Grant County founded , county seat Sheridan.

Anson Peacely Killen Sanford appointed governor of Arizona (1869-1877). 

 


1870:
 
Malaria plague in military Camp Verde in Yavapai County, Arizona resulted in abandonment of the camp.

Hayden's Ferry, settled in the Salt River Valley area in Maricopa County, Arizona, by Charles Trumbull Hayden, a Tucson business man.

The Pacific Railroad bridged the Colorado River at Yuma City in Yuma County, Arizona.

Pima County established, seat Tucson.

Yuma City selected county seat of Yuma County .


1871:
 
The U.S. Army captured Apache Chief, Cochise.
 
Fort Apache established in Graham County.

Maricopa County created from Pima and Yavapai counties, county seat Phoenix.

Pah-Ute County merged with Mohave County.

Nevada County founded, county seat Prescott.

Lincoln County founded, county seat Star City.

Chief Cochise surrendered again.
 

1872:
 
Copper mined near Morenci in Greenlee County, Arizona.

San Pablo founded by Mexican settlers in Maricopa County.
 

1873:

800 square miles of land set aside for the Rio Verde Native American Reservation in Yavapai County.

About 1500 Indians of various bands built an irrigation canal to be able to cultivate a 56 acre farm.
 
Munsonville, now San Jose, established in Graham County.

Garland County founded, county seat Hot Springs.

Faulkner County founded, county seat Conway.

Lonoke County founded, county seat Lonoke.

Howard County founded, county seat Nashville.

Lee County founded, county seat Marianna.

Stone County founded, county seat Mountain View.


1874:
 
Cochise, Apache chief died and buried in the Dragoon Mountains Cochise County.

Safford established, Graham County seat.
 

1875:
 
The Rio Verde Indian Reservation moved to the San Carlos Agency, 180 miles away near Globe. About 100 Indians died or disappeared during that march.

Pinal County formed from parts of Maricopa and Pima counties and contain part of the Gila River and Tohono O'odham Indian nations, 5,370 sq.mi. reservation, county seat Florence.


1876:

Solomonville established in Graham county.

Flagstaff named by lumberjacks in Coconino County.
 

1877:

Settlers and miners moved into the abandoned Camp Verde Reservation.

Pima County seat Tucson removed as Arizona Territorial capital.
 
Tombstone, founded by Edward Schieffelin who found silver on the site.

John Philo Hoyt appointed governor of Aizona (1877-1878).

John Charles Fremont appointed governor of Arizona (1878-1881).


1879:

Old Camp Verde renamed Fort Verde in Yavapai County.

Tombstone township laid out.

St. Johns designated as seat of Apache County.

Benson founded in present Cochise county.

El Vadito, now St. Johns, was renamed San Juan in Apache County.


1881:

Cochise County founded, county seat Bisbee, named for the  Apache Chief.

Gila County created from portions of Maricopa and Pinal counties, county seat Globe.

Globe amed seat of Gila County.

Graham County formed, county seat Safford.

Holbrook founded, county seat of Navajo County.

Tombstone designated first seat of Cochise County .

Phoenix incorporated as city.

John T. Alsop appointed mayor of Phoenix in Maricopa County.

Francis A. Shaw appointed mayor of Arizona in Maricopa County, 1881-1883.

Cibique on the White Mountain Reservation in Navajo County, Arizona, an Indian Agent asked Army to arrest Nakai de Klinni, an Apache medicine man, resulting in the death of the Indian and six soldiers.

Legendary 'Gunfight at OK Corral' in Tombstone, Cochise County.

John Jay Gosper appointed acting governor of Arizona (1881- 1882).


1882:

Pennsylvania native, attorney and businessman Frederick Augustus Tritle, appointed sixth territorial governor of Arizona (1882-1885).

After the killing of Nakai de Klinni, an Apache medicine man on the White Mount Mountain Reservation in Navajo County, 50 warriors left the reservation and began raiding throughout the Mogollan Rim country.
 
DeForest Porter, appointed mayor of Phoenix (1883-1884).

Mississippi County founded, county seat Blytheville.


1884:

George F. Coats became mayor of Phoenix in Maricopa County (1884-1885).
 

1885:

Arizona legislature named Tempe in Maricopan County as the site for the Territorial Normal School, to train teachers for Arizona schools.

Emil Ganz appointed mayor of Phoenix in Maricopa County, Arizona (1885-1886).

Conrad Meyer Zulick appointed governor of Arizona (1885-1889).
 

1886:

DeForest Porter appointed second-term mayor of Phoenix, (1886-1888).
 

1887:

Kingman became the county seat of Mohave county.
 
The Maricopa and Phoenix railroad was built through the state.
 
Silver mines flooded in Tombstone, seat of Cochise County.
 
Leonard Meyer appointed mayor of Phoenix (1888-1889).
 

1889:

Phoenix, became the the territorial capital of Arizona.
 
George F. Coats appointed second-term mayor of Phoenix (1889-1890).

Lewis Wolfley appointed governor of Arizona (1889-1890).


1890:

T. D. McGlasson appointed mayor of Phoenix (1890-1891).

John Nichol Irwin appointed governor of Arizona (1890-1892).
 
Joseph Campbell appointed mayor of Phoenix (1891-1893).

Coconino County formed from Yavapai County, county seat Flagstaff.

National Parks and public attractions were cited:

Grand Canyon National Park,

Lake Powell's 1,960 miles of shoreline,

Museum of Northern Arizona,

Navajo National Monument,

Oak Green Canyon,

12,633 feet San Francisco peaks,

Sunset Crater National Momument,

Walnut Canyon and Wupatki prehistoric Indian ruins.

Flagstaff named county seat of Coconino County.
 

1892:

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument reserved in Pinal County, Arizona.

Glendale in the Salt River Valley, founded in Maricopa County, Arizona.

Nathan Oakes Murphy appointed governor of Arizona (1892-1893).


1893:

P. J. Cole appointed mayor of Phoenix (1893-1894).

Louis Cameron Hughes appointed governor of Arizona (1893-1896).
 

1894:

James D. Monihon appointed mayor of Phoenix (1894-1895).

 
1895:

Roland Lee Rasson appointed mayor of Phoenix (1895-1896).

Navajo County formed, county seat Holbrook founded in 1881. Legendary gunman Commodore Perry Owens was named the first county sheriff.

About 66 percent of Navajo County is Native American reservation land.

The Hopi Pueblo of Oraibi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited Native American settlements in the United States.


1896:

R. Allyn Lewis appointed mayor of Phoenix.

Charles Morelle Bruce appointed acting governor of Arizona (1896-1896).

Frank B. Moss appointed mayor of Phoenix.

James D. Monihon appointed second-term mayor of Phoenix (1896-1897).

Benjamin Joseph Franklin appointed governor of Arizona (1896-1897).


1897:

Myron Hawley McCord appointed governor of Arizona (1897-1898).
 

1898:

Nathan Oakes Murphy named second-term governor of Arizona (1898-1902).
 

1899:

C.J. Dyer appointed acting mayor of Phoenix.

Emil Ganz appointed second-term mayor of Phoenix (1899-1901).

Northern Arizona Normal School (later Northern Arizona University), founded in Flagstaff, Coconino County.

The Department of the Interior, sold at public auction Fort Verde in Yavapai County, Arizona. Formerly the base of U.S. Army General, George Crook.
 
Santa Cruz County founded, county seat Nogales.
 
Bisbee, seat of Cochise County, incorporated as city. Local attractions of Cochise County include Coronado National Forest and Coronado National Memorial.
 

1901:

Walter Talbot appointed mayor of Phoenix (1901-1903).
 

1902:

Alexander Oswald Brodie appointed governor of Arizona (1902-1905).
 

1903:

Walter Bennett appointed mayor of Phoenix (1903-1904).
 

1904:

John T. Dunlap appointed mayor of Phoenix (1904-1905).


1905:

John C. Adams appointed second-term mayor of Phoenix. Frank B. Moss appointed second-term mayor of Phoenix (1905-1906).

Douglas, incorporated in Cochise County, Arizona.

William Frances Nichols appointed acting governor of Arizona (1905-1905).

Joseph Henry Kibbey appointed governor of Arizona (1905-May 1909).


1906:

R.H. Greene appointed mayor of Phoenix.

Lewis W. Coggins appointed mayor of Phoenix (1906-1909).


1907:

Globe city incorporated, county seat Gila.
 

1908:

Clifton, on the San Francisco River, incorporated, seat of Greenlee County. Clifton
is one of the oldest copper-mining towns .
 

1909:

Lloyd B. Christy appointed mayor of Phoenix (1909-1914).

Kayenta, a former trading post named by Pueblo Native Americans, was founded.
 
Barry Morris Goldwater, was born in Phoenix, Arizona. Barry Goldwater was a senator and later a presidential candidate.
 
Greenlee County created from Graham County, county seat Clifton.
 
Richard Elihu Sloan appointed governor of Arizona (1909-1911).


1910: 

Glendale, incorporated in Maricopa County.

Theodore Roosevelt Dam built, near Globe city in Gila County, Arizona.

George Wylie Paul Hunt appointed governor of Arizona (1911-1919).


1912:

February 14, Arizona was admitted as the 48th state of the Union.


1915:

Casa Grande town incorporated in Pinal County.

Safford named seat of Graham County.

Chandler founded by A .J. Chandler, in Maricopa County.
 

1916:

Peter Corpstein elected mayor of Phoenix (1916-1920).


1918:

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument in Pinal County Arizona, designated as national monument.
 

1919:

Thomas Edward Campbell elected governor of Arizona (1919-1923)

END OF HISTORY OF ARIZONA 1864 to 1923.



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