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FAMILY RELATIONSHIP CHART

 

0

1

2

3

4

5

 0 

Common
Ancestor

Child
(son or daughter)

Grandchild

Great Grandchild

2 Great Grandchild

3 Great Grandchild

 1 

Child
(son or daughter)

Sibling (brother or sister)

Nephew or Niece

Grand Nephew or Niece

Great Grand Nephew or Niece

2 Great Grand Nephew or Niece

 2 

Grandchild

Nephew or Niece

First Cousin

First Cousin once removed

First Cousin twice removed

First Cousin three times removed

 3 

Great Grandchild

Grand Nephew or Niece

First Cousin once removed

Second Cousin

Second Cousin once removed

Second Cousin twice removed

 4 

2 Great Grandchild

Great Grand Nephew or Niece

First Cousin twice removed

Second Cousin once removed

Third Cousin

Third Cousin once removed

 5 

3 Great Grandchild

Second Great Grand Nephew or Niece

First Cousin three times removed

Second Cousin twice removed

Third Cousin once removed

Fourth Cousin

Have you had trouble figuring out how you are related to someone?  The above chart should help.

This chart is based on the system used by courts and most genealogical societies. The numbers at the top and left side represent the generations away from the common ancestor. To identify the relationship between any two people, first identify the common ancestor of the two people. Locate the box in the upper left corner for the common ancestor. Follow the column straight down to find the relationship of one of the two people to the common ancestor. Across the top row of the chart, find the relationship of the second person to the common ancestor. It may be helpful to pencil-in the names of the two persons for whom relationship is sought. Where the projected column and row intersect is the box that identifies their relationship. The highlighted boxes show persons of the same generation. "Removed " indicates that the two persons selected are not of the same generation. This chart may be extended in either direction to identify more distant relationships.