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The Apostle of Alaska
The Story of William Duncan of Metlakahtla


A Aboard the man of war, 39

Active Pass, description of, 47

Actors and speakers, born, are the Tsimshean men and women, 340

Address in Tsimshean, 127

Adultery, punishment for, 82

Advancement, temporal, 175

Agnostic, Mr. Duncan's argument with an, 24, 25

Agweelakkah's village on the Nass River, 144; the Chiefs prayer, 146

Ainuetka vs. Skigahn, 311

Alaska climate, 334, 335

Alaska, Governor of, 289, 317

Alaska Indians, battle with, 65; Metlakahtla natives decide to remove with Mr. Duncan to Alaska, 288, 290

Alaska, Southeastern, author's tour in, 7, 84, 330, 340, 348

Alaskan Archipelago, 288

Alert Bay, Rev. A. J. Hall at, 249, 256

Alexander Archipelago, 289

Alford, Dr., of Highbury College, 30, 35 ; sees Mr. Duncan off at Plymouth for his Alaskan mission field, 37

Alkali deposits, use of by the Tsimsheans as soap, 71

Amgets, the, 89

A neon steamer, 291

Annette Islands, 289, 290, 328

Anniversary, fiftieth, of Mr. Duncan's arrival at Fort Simpson, 325

"Apostle of Alaska," The, 16; (see under Duncan)

Apostolic benediction in Tsimshean, 305, 343, 344

Appetite, inordinate, of Indian for intoxicating liquors, 252

" Armadale," Senator MacDonald's home, 285

Athabaskan Indians around the Yukon, 61

Athletic sports, Tsimsheans lovers of, 340

Atkinson, Alfred, 283

Atlantis, in the Pacific, 62

Attendance at church, in 18, 60, 61, 147 ; at school, 148

At the Fort (Simpson), 51

Author (Dr. Arctander) is received and entertained by Mr. Duncan, 7; spends vacations at Metlakahtla, where he writes his book, 7

Aztecs, ancient, traces of the peculiarities of, 62

 

B

Babel, Tower  of,  Tsimshean legend of, 62

Bachelor, Mr. Duncan a confirmed, 184, 37i. 373

Back in Old England, 217

Baines, Moses, deportation of, 283

Ballot box, the button in the, 183

Band, Mr. Duncan acquires instruments for native, 225

Band stand at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 337

Bands, reed and string, etc., at Metlakahtla, 337

Banking, Tsimshean mode of, 78

Baptism of the Tsimsheans, 149

Baptism, Mr. Duncan's custom as to, 149, 150 ; his later views on, 364 ; ordinance of Bishop Ridley's liberal administration of, 252

Baptize converts, Mr. Duncan did not, 150

Baranovitch, C. V., Russian trader, 197, 200, 201

Barter system, early, at Hudson's Bay Co.'s stores, 66

Baseball nine, 340

Basketmaking, 347

Battle between good and evil, story of the, 109, 112

"Battleship," Mr. Duncan's, 333

Beecher, Rev. Henry Ward, 288

Begbie, Sir Matthew, his speech at murder trial, 192; decision against Indian rights to their lands, 283

Behind the Walls, 118

Behring, Captain, visit of in 1741, 63

Benevolent fund, 302

Benson, Edward, 291

Beverley Minster, 21

Beverley, Yorkshire, England, Mr. Duncan's birthplace, 20; here he first heard the call to be a missionary, 27, 33 ; returns on a visit to in 1870, 223

Bible, King James' version, 363; no translation of into Tsimshean, 363

Bible class among blue jackets on board ship, 41

Bible classes for both sexes, 221

Bilgula Indians of British Columbia, 61

Birthday of New Metlakahtla (Alaska), 292

Births and deaths at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 331

Biscuits, Mrs. Tugwell unable to make, 142

Bjornson, Hans, convicted of selling liquor to Indians, 215

Black flag, the, 193, 194

Black letter day for village and mission of Metlakahtla, 250

Blacksmith shop at old Metlakahtla, 181

Bloodshed, none for forty years, 204

Bloodthirstiness and savage cruelty, scene of, 56

Blow, the last, 279

Bluett-Duncan, Dr. J. D., 289, 290, 327

Bolton, Jacob, 275

Bompas, W. G., Bishop of Athabaska, 240, 248, 249

Book of Common Prayer translated by Bishop Ridley, 363, 364

Booth, Mrs. Lucy A., of Metlakahtla, legends related by, 103, 108, 338

Boys' Home (educational building) at Metlakahtla, the, 316

Boy the father of the man, the, 19

Boyd, Thomas, 328

Brands of salmon canned at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 356

Brass band, Mr. Duncan acquires instruments for, 225; learns gamut of thirty instruments, 226 ; how the Indians learned to play the, 226, 227; furnishes choice music, 326; concert tour of, 337

Bread and water diet, Mr. Duncan's, 40

Breeding ground of salmon, 351

Brick kiln, Mr. Duncan starts one at Metlakahtla, 181

British Columbia Province, 43

British Columbia Government, 285

Brooks, Bishop Phillips, 288

Brown's Passage, 54

Building lots and houses, new, at New Metlakahtla, 231

Butler, Captain, of the Western Union Telegraph Co., 166

Button in the ballot box, the, 183

 

C

Call, Mr. Duncan's, to undertake mission work, 16

Call, Indians unanimous, that Mr. Duncan should remain their preacher and teacher, 264

Call, Mr. Duncan's acceptance of to continue mission work, 266

Call of the Lord, 15; of the home land, 222

Calvert, Adolphus, legend related by, 62 ; deportation of, 283

Campbell, Sidney, 326

Candle fish (see Oolakan)

Cannery at  Metlakahtla, Alaska, 316, 354

Cannibal clubs, 89, 91, 127

Canning of salmon, process of, 351; work in cannery, 353

Canoe building, now eclipsed by white man's boat, 347

Canoe song, 339

Canoe trips, Mr. Duncan on, 143

Cape Mudge, Mr. Duncan sees first totem pole at, 47

Carolina, the, Mr. Duncan's trading schooner, 178

Carpenter's shop started, 181

Carr, Rev. A. T., vicar of Beverley, 15, 18, 23; death of, 27

Census of the people, Mr. Duncan takes one, 119 ; new census, 330, 331

Ceremonies, marriage, 73, 74; after death, 75

Chantrel, Mr., a schoolmaster, 257

Chapman, Mr., of the Church Missionary Society, 28

Chapman, Rev. J. A., Methodist preacher of Ketchikan, 326

Chief Quthray, head of the cannibal club, 127; refuses to kneel at Mr. Duncan's church service, 127

Chiefs, some, abandon their medi­cine work, 138

Child in the moon, legend of the, 100

Children brought to church to be prayed for, 331

Chinook language,  Mr.   Duncan picks up first knowledge of at Victoria, B. C, 45 ; not used for preaching, 57

Christian village, a, 151

"Christian   Church"   at   Metlakahtla,  Alaska,  358;  cost  of, 231 ; undenominational, 358

Christian Missionary Intelligencer, The, 33

Christmas Day, " the great dress day," 136, 292; first celebration of, 310, 313; 1888, services of, 292

Church building, new, at Metlakahtla, built by voluntary contributions, 59, 170, 231, 321

Church manual printed, 305

Church Missionary Society, The 8, 15, 28, 142, 170, 232, 248; displays a more churchly spirit, 240; letter to Mr. Duncan, disrupting relations, 262

Citizenship, native, 318

Clah, of Legaic's tribe, aids Mr. Duncan in acquiring a knowledge of the Tsimshean tongue, 57,59 ; accompanies Mr. Duncan when the latter delivers his first gospel message, 122

Clan division, intertribal, among the Tsimsheans, lodges or clubs of, initiation of by medicine men, 88

Clarence Strait, 334 Cleveland, President, 289

Climate of Metlakahtla, Alaska, 327.334. 335

Clog manufactory started at Metlakahtla, 230

Clubs of cannibals, dog eaters, etc., 89

Coast Indians of British Columbia, the, 61 ; their wars with the Indians of the interior, 65 ; far in advance of the Indians of the plains, 61

Collins accused of whiskey selling, 208

Collison, Rev. W. H., missionary at Kincolith, 147 ; comes from England as schoolmaster, 232; Mr. and Mrs., 233; Mr., 258, 267, 273

Columbia, diocese of, division of in 1879, 250

Columbian Archipela

Comforter from heaven, favorite trysting places of the, 15

Common Prayer, Book of, in Tsimshean, 364

Conferences of mission workers, 257

Constable, office of at old Metlakahtla, and numbers, 156, 158, 161

Constitution for new community, 299

Contents and Illustrations, 1114

Cook, Captain, 63

Cooper shop established at Metlakahtla, 230

"Coppers," or hammered shields of the Indians, 73

Cousins, Mr. Duncan's old employer at Beverley, 22; visit to, in 1870, 224

Creation of man, 102 ; of the world, 101

Cremating of Indian dead, 75

Crests define the bonds of Indian consanguinity, 87

Cridge, Rev. Edward, of Victoria, B. C., 45, 46; baptizes Indian converts and children at Metlakahtla, 173; wins Indian hearts, 173; quarrel with Bishop Hills, 173

Crosby, Rev. Mr., of Fort Simpson, 245, 246

Cruise of five hundred miles, a, 348

Cunningham, ex-prize fighter, trial for whiskey selling, 213; fined for the offence, 215

Cushwaht threatens Mr. Duncan's life at the schoolhouse, 139; publicly flogged for shooting, 188

Customs, peculiar, of the Tsimsheans—shields, ornaments, and heirlooms, also marriage ceremonies, funeral customs, potlatch feasts, etc., 7283; totems and clubs, 84

 
D Dam built at mouth of Lake in the Clouds, 319

Dance, Mr. Duncan asked to a, 145

Dawson, Hon. H. R., United States Commissioner of Education, 291

Day at Metlakahtla, a, 305

Dead, cremation of the Indian, 75

Death, ceremonies after, 75

Death rate among children, 332

Declaration of Metlakahtla (Alaska) residents, 299

Dedication, 5

Delegation to Ottawa, 280

Denominational rule and all sects, Mr. Duncan opposed to, 358

Descent, law of, 74

Destroying property, 79

Devil abroad, the—Mr. Duncan's life threatened, 130, 133

Devil's Thumb, the (a mountain),

Diaries, Mr. Duncan's treasure chests, 8;  extracts  from, 128, 134, 310

Diffidence, Mr. Duncan's, 41 Discovery Passage, British Columbia waters, 47

Dismissal  of Mr. Duncan   by the Church Missionary Society, 262

Disorder of Mr. Duncan's den, 373

Distribution of Metlakahtla lots, 301

Divorces unknown, 346

Dixon Entrance, 51, 61, 65, 290, 294

Docket, from Judge Duncan's, 202

Doctors at Metlakahtla, 302, 328

Dogeaters' club, 89, 91

Donations from Mr. Duncan's friends, 232

Doolan, Rev. R. A., conducts mis­sion at Kincolith, 147 ; and at Kuinwoch, 218

Douglas, Governor Sir James, of Victoria, B. C, 43, 44, 118, 165, 198

"Dressday," the great (Christmas Day), 136

Dress of Metlakahtla women, 345

Drunken brawls on decrease in camp, 137

Drunkenness gathers strength, 150

Dudoward, Alfred, of Fort Simpson, half-breed chief, 253

Dufferin,  Lord and Lady, their visit to Metlakahtla, 236; Canadian  Governor General, 281, 284

DUNCAN, WILLIAM - see duncan_ndx.html

Dundas, Rev. R. J., baptizes adults and children at Metlakahtla, 172

Du Vernet, Right Rev. F., Bishop of Caledonia, 257, 297

Dwelling house, Duncan builds one without the Fort, 165

Dwelling houses, new and improved, built at Metlakahtla, 231; at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 303, 319

 
E Educational building at Metlakahtla, 316

Election of elders, first, 182; original mode of, 183; improved mode of, 184; present mode of, 184

Emigration to New Metlakahtla, 33

Engine house at Metlakahtla, 323

England, back in old, 217; Mr. Duncan's visit to, in 1870, 220, 222

Epidemic, malignant, at Metlakahtla, 163

Epidemic of smallpox at Victoria, 153; at Fort Simpson, 155, 156; among Legaic's tribe, 158

Episcopal church, Bishop Bompas declines to turn Mr. Duncan's mission into an, 249

Episcopal church service, Mr. Duncan reads at the Fort, 118

Esquimault harbour, Victoria, B. C, 42

Etiquette, Tsimsheans sticklers for, 76

Evil   influences   of the  heathen homes, 151

Expenditures on public affairs at Metlakahtla,   232;   on   public streets, 232; on " Westminster Abbey," 321

 
F Father of the man, the boy the,

Father of liars, 116

Feast at old Metlakahtla, description of a, 172

Female suffrage, none at old Metlakahtla, 184

Fiftieth anniversary of Mr. Dun­can's first sermon, 326

Finlayson's Channel, 48

Fire brigade service at Metlakahtla, 220

Fire at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 320; at Fort Simpson, 81

Fire protection, provision for, 321 Firewater, 82

First fruits (of Mr. Duncan's labour), 137

First martyrs in Metlakahtla jail, 278

First message, Mr. Duncan delivers his first Gospel address to the Tsimsheans, 122, 124; fiftieth anniversary of, 326

Fish food of the Indians, 67

Fisherman, Alaska, how paid or remunerated, 356

Fitzhugh Sound, 48

Flogging as a punishment, efficacy of, 204]

Flood, legends of the great, 62

Flotsam and Jetsam, 333

Flowers and berries at Metlakahtla, 335

Food of the Tsimsheans, 67

Football team, Metlakahtla, 341

Fort, at the (Simpson), 51

Fort Rupert, Indians of, 47 ; disemboweled bodies seen at, 47 ; carry away a slave, 242

Fort Simpson, B. C, Hudson's Bay Co.'s post at, 50; Mr. Duncan's arrival here (October 1, 1857), 50; Indians break camp at, 67 ; outbreak of smallpox at, 156; fiftieth anniversary of Mr. Duncan's arrival at, 325

Fraser Reach, 49

From Judge Duncan's docket, 202

Funeral ceremonies, 75

Funeral dirge (Lemkoy), 75

Furs, price of, 178

Future   punishment,  Tsimshean ideas of, 106

 

G Gambling, a national vice of the Tsimsheans, 80

Garcotitch, Peter, Slavonian trader, sells liquor to Indians and is convicted and fined, 209

Girls' school under Mrs. Collison, 233

Glad Tidings, Methodist

Gospel boat, 294

God's Book, 121, 124, 125

Good Time Island, 333

Good and evil, battle between, 109, 112

Gordon, Adam, 291

Gospel teaching taking effect, 138

Gospel, influence of, showing, 137

Government aid for schools at Metlakahtla, 328

Graham Reach, 49

Graham Island, 233

Grand Old Man, the, 368

"Great Dress Day," 136, 292

Grenville Channel, 49

Gribbel, Rev. F., disaffected towards Mr. Duncan, 219

Guest House, the, at Metlakahtla, 175; at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 323

Gulf of Georgia, 47

Guthrie, Josiah, 284

Guthrie, Alex., his bungalow, 304

 

H Hadley, John H. and wife, 329

Haidas,   the,  Indian  tribe,  61 ; totem poles  on  Haida  village, 85 ; expert carvers of the coast, 85 ; missionary work among, 233

Haldane, Matthew, the late, 304

Haldane, Benjamin A., 9, 51 ; his home, 304;  at organ, 326; at piano, 338 Halibut of from seventy-five to two hundred and fifty pounds, 69

Hall, Rev. A. J., 244; located at Alert Bay, 249, 256

Hallach, Tsimshean slave, 113115

"Hallied," or Indian deviltry, 91, 154

Haman hanged on his own gallows, 264

Hamblett,   Alonzo,  a   half-breed teacher, 329

Hamblett, Eli, a Dane, 210

Hammond, the revivalist, 253

Hanbury, Tom, his house, 303

Handel's " Messiah " oratorio, 326

Hazleton, Methodist mission at, 255

Heathenish hysterics, 130

Heathenish rites, 138

Heavenly chief, the, 101 ; son of the, 108

Heavens, legend of moving the heavens back, 62

Hewson, Robert, 274, 275, 276, 284

Hewson, Stephen, Mr. Duncan's early friend, 16

Hiehish Narrows, 48

Highbury College, where young Duncan receives two years' theological training, 30, 35

Highmas, head chief of the Kitseesh tribe, brings firewater among the people, 185; his pleading wife, 186

Hills, Bishop of Columbia, 169; baptizes fifty-seven adults, 169; baptizes more adults, 173; has falling out with Dean Cridge, 173; his diocese divided, 250

Holidays, great, celebrated at New Metlakahtla, 292

Home again, 228

Home land, call of the, 222

Home, the new, 287

Hoochinoo,   a   vile   concoction, 82

House in which first sermon was preached, 123

Houses, old Indian,

How Mr. Duncan became a judge, 197

Hudson, Cornelius, 278

Hudson's Bay Co.'s trading station at Fort Simpson, 33; refuses to open a store at Metlakahtla, 177 ; accused of selling liquor to Indians, 178, 212; overbids Mr. Duncan on furs and undersells him on goods, 179

Hymn singing, 136

 

I Immortality, Tsimshean idea of, 104

Incidents, interesting, 185

Income from industries, 270

Indemnity for murder among the Tsimsheans, 80

Independence of Indian Christians at Metlakahtla, 174

Indian Affairs,  Deputy Minister of, 282

Indians, study of their manners and customs, 72; given a share in the government of village and church at Metlakahtla, 181; slavery practiced among, 234; forbidden by law to drink liquors, 198; ancient rights in lands denied them, 279; defeated in test case for land, 283

Industrial Training School for girls, 316

Industries at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 35°

Industry, need of new sources of, 175

Infant baptism, 366

Infidel,  Mr.  Duncan's argument with an, 24, 25

Influence of the Gospel, 137

Influenza, epidemic of, 331

Inside Passage, the, 43

Instruments for brass band, 225

Interesting incidents, 185

Interior of  some Metlakahtla houses, 337

International Sunday school lesson, 360

Intertribal clan division, 88

Intoxicating liquors among the Tsimsheans not known till coming of the Whites, 82; pledge not to drink any, 147

Introduction, 7

 

J Jahve's presence, Mr. Duncan in, 373

Jail, Metlakahtla, a perfunctory institution, 323, 324

Japanese current, the, 334

Johnson, Simeon, murderer, 189, 191; later becomes a good Christian, 193

Judge, how Mr. Duncan became a, 197

Judge Duncan's docket, from, 202 Justice, how it was dealt out to offenders at Metlakahtla in 1863-85, 200

Justice of the peace, Mr. Duncan appointed a, 198

 
K Karta Bay, home of C. V. Baranovitch, 197

Keene, Rev. J. H., 297

Ketchikan, Alaska, 330

Kincolith Mission, the, 147

Kintsadah, Chief, pilots Mr. Duncan up the Nass River, 144

Kishpokaloats tribe, the, 53

Kishpootwadda totem, the, 85

Kitandoah tribe, the, 53

Kitandoah and Kithrahtla tribes eligible for membership in Cannibal Club, 89

Kithrahtlas tribe, the, 54

Kitlahn tribe flock to the Christian village, 155

Kitlootsahs and Kishpokaloats, villages of the, 53

Kitnakangeak tribe, the, 53

Kitseesh tribe, the, 53

Knapp, Hon. L. E., Governor of Alaska, visit of, 317

Kowak and her daughter, 109, 110

Kowak's deserted village, in

Kuro Shiwo, or Japanese current, 334

Kwakiutl Indians, 61

 

L

"Labrette," or bone ornament, 72

Lacheboo totem, the, 85

Lackshkeak totem, the, 85

Lake in the Clouds, the, 333

Lama Passage, 48

Landgrabbers, white, 236

Land troubles, Indian, 279

Language, the Tsimshean, 61, 85, 103

Last blow, the, 279

Lawbreakers, Indian, 202

Law cases, Mr. Duncan's at Metlakahtla, 202

Law of descent, 74

Lay mission, Metlakahtla a, 258

Leamlahaga, he hears the telephone talk, 196

Leask, David, presents address to Lord Dufferin, 237 ; Mr. Duncan's native teacher, 270, 329, 364; aids in selecting new home, 291 ; death of, 329

Leask, Martha, 329

Leaves from Mr. Duncan's diary, 310

Legaic, head chief of the Tsimshean Indians at Fort Simpson, 53, 55, 157; his bloodthirstiness and savage cruelty, 56 ; seeks to kill Mr. Duncan, but is prevented by Clah, 134; repents and attends Mr. Duncan's school, 157; is baptized, 160, 170; death of, 164; his tribe ravaged by small­pox, 158 ; appointed a constable, 161 ; but gives it up, 162

Legends of the flood, 62

"Lemkoy," funeral dirge, 75

Lewis, Captain, 180

Lex talionis, 80

Library, Mr. Duncan's private, 323

Library,  public,  at   Metlakahtla, Alaska, 324;  contributions  to, 324, 325

Life after this, the Tsimshean idea of, 104

Life insurance, Tsimshean method of, 78

Ligaket tribe, the, 55, 57

Light, legend of how it came into the world, 108

Liquor seizure, 210, 212

Liquor selling,  the Hudson Bay Co. accused of, 212

Living, Tsimshean mode of, 66

Lockerby, Gordon, 51

London, Mr. Duncan in, 28

Loocoal, medicine man, threatens Mr. Duncan's life, 141

Lord's Supper, Mr. Duncan's scruple to admit  his Indian proteges to the, 240, 251, 365

Lord, the call of the, 15

Lots, all corner at Metlakahtla, 300; distribution of at Metlakahtla, 301

Love of song and music, Tsimshean, 362

Love song, native, 338

Low church views, Mr. Duncan's, 240, 241

 

M MacDonald, Hon. W. J., 46

Macdonald, Sir John, his promise to Mr. Duncan, 280; how he broke it, 281

Malone, Dennis, 278

Man, creation of, 102

Manners of the Indians, 8

Man-of-war, aboard the, 39

Man, the boy the father of the, 19

Man with wooden wife, legend of, 104

Marriage celebrations at Metlakahtla, 230

Marriage ceremony among the Tsimsheans, 73, 74

Marsden, Edward, 326

Mart, great trading, at Fort Simpson beach, 52

Martyrs in jail at Victoria, first, 278

Matchmaking, 346

Mather, Edward K., 102, 278, 280, 283

Mat-making, 347

McKay Reach, 49

McKee, J. F. and wife, 329

Meanskinisht, Mr. Tomlinson at, 301

Medicine man, name of in Tsimshean, 92; parboiling and cutting off chiefs head, 9597 ; his power of prophecy, 99; story of the Kitlahn chief and the, 93

Medicine men among the Tsim­sheans, their so-called miracles, 9296; rites of, 96, 97 ; super­natural power of, 95, 99; held in awe, 97

Memory, Mr. Duncan's wonderful, 373. 374

Message, the first, 122

Metlakahtla, meaning of the word, Metlakahtla, B. C, and Alaska, Mr. Duncan's mission fields at, 52, 60; site of old Metlakahtla, seventeen miles south of Fort Simpson, B. C, 152; trading establishment at, 177; rules governing the inhabitants of, 154 ; three hundred new settlers arrive at old Metlakahtla, 155 ; Mr. Duncan takes leave of on a visit to England, 122; returns to (February 21, 1871), 228; mission at desired to be turned into an Episcopal church, 241; a model village, 151 ; declaration of residents of, 299 ; fire at, 320; a day at, 305, 306; Metlakahtla industries and industrial companies, 316, 317; volunteers of, 341; baseball nine, 340; a sec­ond Garden of Eden, 249 ; only mission in Alaska a success, 369; football team, 341; some Metlakahtla history, 315 ; the Metlakahtla Industrial Co., 317, 356; industries of, 317, 350; a windfall, 297

Metlakahtlan, The, 305

Midweek evening service at Metlakahtla, 363

Minthorn, Dr. H. J., 327

Missionary meeting at Beverley, England, 15, 25, 26

Missionary societies and boards, Mr. Duncan has no use for, 369

Missionary spirit over the people, 221

Mission field, a new, 32

Mission house at Metlakahtla, 165

Mission, Mr. Duncan's view of how an ideal one should be carried on, 369; reasons why the Metlakahtla one is so successful, 369

Mitchell, Bertram G., 329

Mode of living at Port Simpson, B. C, 66

Model Christian village, a, 151; model village, 334

Modesty of Mr. Duncan, innate, 19

Money for giving slaves their freedom provided by the profits of Mr. Duncan's trading establishments, 234

Moon, worship of the among the Tsimsheans, 106

Moon's phases, enactment of the, 107

Morality of the Tsimsheans, 82

Mortality, excessive  at   Metlakahtla, 332

Moses to his people, Mr. Duncan a, 241

Moving village store by Indians at old Metlakahtla, 56

Murder of Haida at Fort gate, 56

Murder of whites by Indians, 56

Muscular Christianity, Bishop Ridley's, 272

Musical  accomplishments of Mr. Duncan, 23

Musical instruments and organization at Metlakahtla, 226, 227

 

N Nass River, B. C, temperance meeting at, 147 ; Mr. Duncan's trips up the, 143, 233

Native love song, 338; canoe song, 339

Native offerings for church expenses, 149

Nautical skill, native, 347

Nelson, Hon. Knute, United States Senator from Minnesota, 318

Nephew, custom of marrying uncle's widow, 79; always maternal uncle's heir, 79

New church at Metlakahtla, 231

New home, the, 287

New mission field, a, 32

New Year's Day, school feast to natives, 148; annual tax levy, 168 ; new colonists admitted, 173

Neyahshnawah, head chief of the Kitlootsah tribe, Mr. Duncan preaches his first sermon and carries the Gospel message to, at Fort Simpson, 122

Neyahshot, medicine man, 93

Neyashack, Mrs. Joseph, 113

Neyashlakahnoosh, old head chief of the Kitlahns, 93, 194, 195, 196

"Nirwana" of the wonderful Northland, 49

Nishaes, the Indian, 94

Non-sectarianism in heathen missions, 358

Northland, the call of the, 7

Northwest Coast Mission, conference of workers at, 257

Notable visitors, 236

 

O

Oath in Tsimshean, no expression for an, 103 ; no oaths heard, 334

Occupations of Indians at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 356

Offerings of natives, 322; of tourists, 322

Offer of advantageous berth refused by Mr. Duncan, 30

Oliver Wolcott, revenue cutter, 273

Onward and upward, 165

Oolakan or candle fish and its oil, in Portland Canal, and up the Nass River, 68, 115, 138

Ordained, Mr. Duncan refuses to be, 240

Orders in the church, Mr. Duncan declines to take, 240

Ordination, Mr. Duncan's reasons for refusing, 241; his only ordination, 266

Organ acquired for Metlakahtla church, 237

Organs and pianos at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 337

Origin of the Tsimsheans, 61

Ornaments of the Tsimsheans, 71

Ottawa, Mr. Duncan's visit to, 280

Otter steamship, the, 46, 50

 

P Painting faces, Tsimshean custom of, 80

Paintings in Metlakahtla church, 364

Paper collar, old, Mr. Duncan's, 98

Parables, the, theme of Mr. Duncan's discourse, 363

Passage, the Inside, 43

Patriotism of the Metlakahtlans, 291, 349

Peculiar customs of the Tsim­sheans, 72

Pentecostal hymns, book of, 360, 362

Phonograph, listening to a, 349

Photographic apparatus, etc., purchased by Mr. Duncan, 224

Pike, Dr. Ernest R., 32S

Pilgrims, the, 293

Pioneer Day, 292

"Pioneers," Mr. Duncan's, 189, 298

Piracy, with violence, 191

Planking of Metlakahtla village streets, 323

Pledge, temperance, 147

Pledges of inhabitants of Metla­kahtla, 147, 154

Plumper warship, the, 242

Plumper Channel, 48

Politeness and good manners of the Metlakahtlans, 349

Pollard, preacher, 253

Pope of Metlakahtla, Mr. Duncan, 171

Population of New Metlakahtla, 330; of old Metlakahtla, 295

Port Chester selected site for new village, 290

Portland Canal, the oolakan or candle fish in, 68

Port Simpson, B. C, 51, 53, 57

Position, fine, offered to and re­fused by Mr. Duncan, 30

Potlatch among the Tsimsheans, a, 76, 79

Prayer, Agweelakkah's, 146; Mr. Duncan's, that he might die, 148; the Tsimsheans' to the Heavenly Chief, 102

Presents, giving, 74, 77

Prevost, Captain, presses Alaskan mission field on the Church Missionary Society, 33 ; on the public, 34; visit of to Metlakahtla, 237 ; gives present of street lamps to Metlakahtla, 239; description of a Sunday there, 238

Prices of furs at Fort Simpson, 67

Priest, Mr. Duncan refuses to be ordained a, 242

Prince of Wales Island, 308, 334

Prince Rupert, 297

Princess Louise steamer, 294

Printing press at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 305

Profit sharing at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 357

Profits of trading establishment, how used, 181

Promise, Stephen Hewson's, 17

Property, giving away, 78; des­troying, 79; all stolen goes up in smoke, 296

Prophetical power of medicine­men, 93

Prostitution  common .among the Tsimshean women after coming of the whites, 82

Protection against fire, 321

Public library at Metlakahtla, 324

Public speaking, Tsimshean, 340

Public works at Metlakahtla, 321

Puget Sound, 32

Purple Mountain, 319, 333

 

Q Queen Charlotte Islands, 233

Queen Charlotte Sound, 48

Quthray, Chief,  of the  cannibal club, 127

R Rainfall heavy in Alaska, 335

Reasons for not introducing the Lord's Supper at old Metlakahtla, Mr. Duncan's, 251, 252

Rebuke of Sabbath breaking at the' Fort, Mr. Duncan's, 118

Reception, Mr. Duncan's, on his return from England, 228230

Reincarnation and soul transmigra­tion among the Tsimsheans, 105 ; legends dealing with, 105, 106

Religion of the Tsimsheans, the, 101 ; their legends, and the story of the battle between good and evil, 112

Residents of Metlakahtla, declaration of the, 299

Resolution adopted at conference of mission workers, 258 ; copy of sent to England, 259

Restrictions on baptism, Mr. Duncan's at Metlakahtla, 365

Retaliation, law of among the Tsimsheans, 80

Return, Mr. Duncan's, after visit to England, 228

Revelations, youthful enthusiasts pretend to have, 246

Ridley, Bishop, and the Church Missionary Society, Mr. Duncan's contention with, 8 ; and the medicine men, 271 ; corrupting Mr. Duncan's teacher, 270; rights the Indians in the street, 275 ; reads the riot act, 272, 273; opens store at old Metlakahtla, 271 ; destroys letter from village council, 271

Ridley's, Bishop, muscular Christianity, 272; falsification of copy of resolution adopted by confer­ence, 259 ; false testimony as to being shot at, 277; translates into Tsimshean Book of Common Prayer, 364; fire devours all the bishop's ill-gotten gains, 296

Ridley, Fred., 283, 291

Ridley Home, the, 296

Riot act read by Bishop Ridley at old Metlakahtla, 273

Ritualism, Mr. Duncan's prejudice against, 171, 241

Robbed of everything, 294

Robson, Mr., British Columbia secretary, 285, 286, 287

Roosevelt, President, 318; his "Presidential addresses and state papers," 324

Rope walk at Metlakahtla, 230

Rowe, Bishop, head of the Episcopal church of Alaska, 358

Rules governing native communities at New Metlakahtla, 154

Rupert, Fort, Indians of, 47 ; abduct Indian women slaves, 242

Rupert, Prince, 297

Rupture, the, 261

Ryan, Stephen, dies of smallpox at Metlakahtla, 156

 

S Sabbath breaking at Fort rebuked by Mr. Duncan, 118 ; observance of Sunday at Metlakahtla, 166, 334 ; at oolakan fishing, 166 Sabbath school  at Metlakahtla, 362; teachers' meeting, 362

Salmon, various brands of, 356; fishing   in   the   Skeena,  69; "shaming" the, 71 ; process of canning, 353; habits and lives of, 351 ; agents for the sale of, Alaska,   356;   cannery,   260; spawning   ground,   352;   new cannery, 316; output, 319, 356

Sash and door shop, 230, 308

Satellite, H. M. S., sails with young Duncan from Plymouth, 37

Savings of the Metlakahtlans, 357

Sawmill outfit,  steam, acquired, 292; destroyed by fire, 302; a new one started, 303;  it also burned up, 319

Sawmills built and burned, 302, 319

Schoolhouse,  Mr. Duncan's first, 129;   new,  at  Fort   Simpson, 149; new two-story one at old Metlakahtla, 232

School feast, first, 148

School, first, 126; school building, Mr. Duncan's, 127129; Government aid for at Metlakahtla, 328

Schoolmasters, bad luck in getting, 3 20

Schools for boys and girls, 296

Schooner,  Mr. Duncan buys a trading, 178

Schutt, Mr. and Mrs. H., 233

Schutt and Chantrel, schoolmasters, 257

Sebassah, chief of the Kithrathtlas, 106; kills white men, 190

Seducer, a, whipped in public, 202

Sectarianism, Mr. Duncan's views on in heathen missions, 358, 359

Sects and all denominational rule, Mr. Duncan eschews, 358, 368

Sentence, a queer, 207

Sermon,  Mr. Duncan's  first  ex­temporaneous, 135, 136

Serpent, the, 268

Service, midweek evening, 363

Seymour Narrows, 47

"Shaming " of the salmon, 71

Shawl making industry, 231

Shimauget Lahaga, Tsimshean name for Heavenly Chief, 101, 121

Shoowansh, the Tsimshean medicine man, 92

Silas receives many votes, 182

Simpson, Lieutenant, 70

Singing of hymns in school work, 137

Sitka, Alaskan seat of government, 312 ; museum at, 298

Skeena River, breeding ground of red salmon,  69;   raid up,  by Tsimsheans, 106

Skothene, the blind chief, 146

Skovalis, extinction of the tribe, 55

Slavery  among  the  Tsimsheans, 234;   Metlakahtla   smote   the shackles   of,   234;    practiced among the Indians at the coast, 234

Slaves given their freedom, 234

Smallpox among Indians at Fort Simpson, 156 ; at Victoria, B.C., 153; among Legaic's tribe, 158

Smith, James, 283

Soap factory started at Metlakahtla, 176

Some Metlakahtla history, 315

Song, native love, 338; canoe, 339

Son of the Heavenly Chief, the, 108;  Tsimshean  story  of the "White   Christ   (Tezoda),   108, 112, 114

Soul transmigration, 105

"Speak Lord, Thy servant heareth," 27

Spencer, Charles, 278

Spinning women, 230; mysteries of the spinning wheel, 224, 230

Spiritual conditions at Metlakahtla, 169

Spokane steamer, 374

Spring flowers and fruit at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 335

Standard Oil Co.'s methods met and defeated, 179

Star-Spangled Banner, the, 349

Stars and Stripes, 290, 291

Steam sawmill outfit at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 298

Stikeens, Indians of the Interior, 61

St. John's Church, Beverley, England, 15, 23

Stolen property all in ashes, 296

Store at Metlakahtla, Mr. Duncan's, 178; Bishop Ridley's, 271

Street fight between Bishop Ridley and the Indians, 275

Streets of Metlakahtla, the, 322

Stromstedt, Miss Daisy, 329

Successor, Mr. Duncan's, 374

Sunday, "dress day," 136

Sunday observance, Indian, at Metlakahtla, 166

Sunday services, 169, 359

Supernatural power, way of showing, 95 ; name for, 113

Surveyors and survey troubles, 282

Swineford, Governor, 341

 

T Tait, John, legend relater, 101, 196; deportation of, 283; addresses Mr. Duncan, 326

Taxes or salary paid by the Tsimsheans to their chiefs, 79

Tax dodgers, none at Metlakahtla, 168

Tax levy at Metlakahtla, 168

Teacher, Mr. Duncan's corrupted by Bishop Ridley, 270

"Teapots," the, Tsimshean certificates of character,   134;   Mr. Duncan refuses to read Legaic's "teapots," 135

Telephone talks in Tsimshean tongue, 196

Temperance meeting, first held, on Nass River, 147 ; pledge, 147

Temporal advancement, 175

Test case in re Mission Point acres, 283

Tezoda, son of the Heavenly Chief, 112, 115

Thanksgiving and New Year's offerings, 322

Thlingits, Alaska Coast Indians, 61; old village of, 298

Thomas, Hon. E. J., of Brookline, Mass., 303

Thraimshum, the Tsimshean devil, 116

Tinnehs, or Stikeen Indians, the, 61

Tobacco, substitute for, 82

Tolmie Channel, 48

Tomlinson, Rev. R., at first disaffected towards Mr. Duncan, but afterwards his friend, 219; refuses to comply with bishop's order, 256; resigns, 284; Mr. Duncan's coworker, 301

Totem poles of the Tsimsheans, 84 ; of the Haidas and Thlingits, 85 ; forests of in a Haida village, 85

Totems and clubs, the, 84

Totems, different animals genii of, 85

Totem system, Mr. Duncan's explanation of, 84; practical uses of, 85

Tourists' offerings at Metlakahtla, 322

Town Hall at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 316, 326

Trades and occupations studied by Mr. Duncan in England, 222, 223

Trading establishments, Mr. Duncan's at Metlakahtla, 230

Trading schooners on the coast, nothing but grog shops, 176; Mr. Duncan sets up one with no liquor for sale, 178

Tradition of the first visit of the whites, 63; of the revenge of Highmas, 186

Traimshum, the Tsimshean devil, 116; early history and characteristics of, 116, 117

Transmigration of souls, Tsimshean idea of, 105

Trial of Mr. Cunningham, 214; of Collins, the whiskey seller, 208; of Peter Garcotitch, 209; in Judge Duncan's court, 200, 206

Troubles brewing at old Metlakahtla, 250

"Try, I will," in Tsimshean, 59

Tsimshean, meaning of the word, S3

Tsimshean love song, 338; canoe song, 339; funeral dirge, 75

Tsimshean Indians of Metlakahtla around Fort Simpson and up the Nass River, 53, 61 ; Mr. Duncan acquires a knowledge of the native tongue, 58; their manners, customs, religion, and legendary lore, 62, 64; their wars with Indians of the Interior, 65 ; habits of gambling, 80 ; potlatch festivities, 76, 77 ; their totems and clubs, 84; their medicine­men and religious ideas, 92, 96, 101 ; they cremate their dead, 75 ; language of, 61 ; Mr. Duncan's addresses to, 126, 127; baptism of the, 149

Tuberculosis and pulmonary troubles, epidemic of, 331

Tugvvell, Rev. L. S., missionary, arrival of from England to assist Mr. Duncan in his work, 142; baptizes first converts, 149 ; re­turns to England with his wife, 149; Mr. Duncan's experience with, 372

"Tumpaldo " (I will try), 59

 

U Undenominational church at Metlakahtla, 358

Unfaithfulness in wife punishable by death, 82

United States Commissioner, Mr. Duncan a, 310

Usher, George, his song, 292; extract from his sermon, 265, 292 ; his religious exhortation, 340

 

V Venn, Rev. Henry, General Sec­retary of the Church Missionary Society, 240 ; death of, 240

Victoria, B. C, Mr. Duncan arrives there from England and is officially received by Governor Douglas of the Hudson's Bay Co., 43; the city in 1857, 43; Mr. Duncan at, 141 ; outbreak of smallpox at, 153

Victoria to Sitka, trading schooner between, 197

Village, a model Christian, 151, 334

Village council appointed, a, 182­184

Village taxes at old Metlakahtla, 155, 168

Virago, H. M. S., 32

Visit of Lord Dufferin, in 1876, 236 ; of Bishop Bompas in 1877, 248 ; of Admiral Prevostin 1878, 237; of Governor Knapp, 317; of Mr. Duncan to England, 222

Visitors, notable, 236

Voice, Mr. Duncan's phenomenal, as a youth, 21

Voices of prima donnas at Metlakahtla, 337

Volunteers, Metlakahtla, 341

 

W
Wages paid by Mr. Duncan, for work done, 175

Waheim tribe, the, 55

Wallace, Mr. and Mrs. James, 9, 329. 330. 341.361, 371. 373

Walls, behind the, 118

Warship,  Bishop  Ridley's  calls for, 272

Wars with Indians of the Interior, Tsimshean, 65

Washington, D. C, Mr. Duncan goes to, to seek new home in Alaska, 288

Waterpower used for sawing wood shown Indians, 181

Water saws wood, 181

Weaving plant machinery acquired, 226, 230

Weesner, Mr. and Mrs. E. W., 329

Wellcome, Henry S., 302, 321

West, Miss M., of the Ridley Home, 297

"Westminster Abbey," Mr. Dun­can's, 321

Whipping, good effects of one, 203

Whiskey banned and its use forbid­den at Metlakahtla, 199; trial and tribulation of whiskey sellers, 206

White Christ, story of the, 108

White, Harry, 211

White plague, deaths from, 331.

Whites, tradition of the first visit of to the coast, 63, 65

Whooping cough, epidemic of, 331

Wife beating, Mr. Duncan's punishment for, 205, 206

Wind storm, 320

Wine, law against giving Indians, 252

Wolcott, Oliver, U. S. revenue cutter arrives at old Metlakahtla, 273

Womakwot, brother of Highmas, 185

Woman slave carried to distant tribes in Alaska, 235

Woodcock's Landing, 209

Wooden wife, legend of the man with the, 104

Woods, Archdeacon, his description of Metlakahtla, 233

Worksop, England, suicide of land­lord of hotel at, 23

World, creation of the, 101

Worship of the moon, Tsimshean, 106

Wrangel, Mount, 103

 

Y Yaculta, or Seymour Narrows, 47

Yellow Hill, 333

Young People's Gospel hymn song service at Metlakahtla, Alaska, 362

 

Z Zobo band, girls', 337

Zuruet, Jeremiah, a French Canadian, 330

 


 



 


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