Bay is located in the Izembek National Wildlife Refuge, on the western
end of the Alaska Peninsula. It lies 634 miles southwest of Anchorage,
and 180 miles northeast of Unalaska. It lies at approximately 55░ 12' N
Latitude, 162░ 42' W Longitude (Sec. 01, T058S, R089W, Seward Meridian).
The community is located in the Aleutian Islands Recording District. The
area encompasses 58 sq. miles of land and 22 sq. miles of water.
Archaeological sites dating to the last
ice age indicate the area around Cold Bay was once inhabited by a large
Native population, and was used by European hunters and trappers
throughout the 19th century. During World War II, Cold Bay was the site
of the strategic air base Fort Randall. At that time, the airport was
the largest in the state, with a 10,000' runway.